10 Mysterious Lost Civilizations – UNCOVERED

10 Mysterious Lost Civilizations – UNCOVERED


Civilisations rise and fall. What was everyday
reality to our ancestors is now an unclear, intriguing fog of the past. Explorers have
turned a corner in the jungle, or peeked underneath a strange rock, and uncovered previously unknown
chapters of human history. Even the mightiest civilisations disappear, and historians still
don’t know everything that happened to them. Here are 10 mysterious lost civilisations. 10. The Indus Valley Thousands of years before Christ, the people
of the Indus Valley in modern Pakistan and northern India had numerous towns and cities,
with well-planned streets and remarkably well constructed buildings. They prospered and
traded with Sumeria in the Near East. However, we know very little besides that.
There are no paintings or sculptures of their leaders, history and religion. Quite a lot
of their writing survives, but none of it has ever been deciphered. At some point, the
great cities of Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa were abandoned. Some historians think the people were forced
to move out by drought; others think they suffered great floods. Some conspiracy theorists
argue they were wiped out by an ancient superweapon, perhaps triggered by aliens. This seems unlikely,
but the truth is, we simply do not know what happened. 9. The Minoans For nearly two thousand years, the civilization
of Crete flourished at the centre of an empire that stretched into the Middle East. One of
its rulers, King Minos, entered legend and lent his name to the civilization: the Minoans. They were famed for their palaces and cities,
especially Knossos, whose labyrinthine layout inspired the story of Theseus’ battle against
the Minotaur. They had sophisticated art and invented two – maybe even three – systems
of writing, one of which was deciphered by codebreakers in 1952. (Chadwick & Ventris)
The others remain a complete mystery. Minoan culture eventually declined, being
conquered and absorbed by the Mycenaeans from Greece. More on them later. 8. The Maya The Mayan Empire peaked in the 6th century
A.D. in the lowlands of Guatemala. The Maya were outstanding mathematicians, using their
skills to construct incredible stone cities and develop sophisticated farming techniques
to support the urban population. They had their own heiroglyphic writing system,
an astonishingly precise calendar, for which they invented the concept of zero as a placeholder.
They also practiced human sacrifice, using slaves and prisoners captured from other city
states. Nobody knows why, but from the year 900, nearly all the cities were abandoned.
A few, in the highlands, continued to prosper – but the majority of the Maya retreated into
villages, as the rainforest reclaimed the ancient stone. When the Spanish Conquistadores
arrived, the Maya civilisation’s days were numbered. 7. Rapa Nui For many, Easter Island is defined by its
iconic mo’ai – 900 giant stone statues. It took teams of five or six men a year to
hand carve each one. The tallest is over ten metres high, the heaviest weighs 86 tonnes.
They probably represent the ancestors of the Rapa Nui people – but though Rapa Nui still
live on Easter Island, their society fell apart centuries ago. Eastern Polynesians first settled on the island
up to 1400 years ago, and developed their own language, culture and kingdom. At their
peak, there were 15,000 of them on the island, farming and fishing and crafting the great
mo’ai. But when European explorers arrived a century later, there were only 2,000 surviving
Rapa Nui – something had nearly wiped them out. Then, European disease and slave raids
reduced the population to just 111 people. By the time Chile annexed the island in 1888,
all the mo’ai had toppled – a fitting metaphor for the collapse of the Rapa Nui. Today, the
surviving descendants are still fighting the Chilean government for their rights – perhaps,
like the great statues, they will rise again. 6. Nabatea In 1812, Swiss explorer Johann Ludwig Burckhardt
introduced the world to the city of Petra, hewn into the rock walls of a canyon in the
middle of the arid desert. The people who built it were the Nabateans, who against all
odds managed to form an empire across the inhospitable deserts of North Arabia. They
were known for their ingenuity: as well as their obvious masonry skills, they were able
to exploit small oases so well that they could farm. They used oases to form trade links
between east and west. Roman writers tell us they kept the origins of their trade goods
and the trade routes utterly secret by disguising them in impenetrably fanciful tales. Their
secrets are still preserved: we know they could write, but no records survive. Their civilisation declined slowly. They were
conquered by the Romans, converted to Christianity, and later conquered again by Arabs who divided
their lands. What we can learn about them now, comes from these tourist attractions
and a few stories. 5. The Khmer Empire The Khmer Empire began in A.D. 802, when Jayavarman
II declared he was king of the world. At the time, it must have seemed he was right: from
Cambodia, the Khmer empire ruled over almost all the mainland of Southeast Asia. It’s capital was the stupendous Angkor,
which was by far the largest city in the world, home to up to 1 million people, or 0.1% of
the global population. The buildings alone attest the enormous wealth, skill and artistic
culture of the Hindu-Buddhist empire. Yet by the 15th century the empire was in
decline. After converting to Therevada Buddhism, the kings were no longer seen as divine, and
their authority waned. The technically advanced irrigation and canal system fell into disrepair,
making the sprawling urban centre vulnerable to drought. Wars and probably plague devastated
the heart of the empire – but, quite frankly, historians, archaeologists and scientists
disagree over how much these things had an impact, if they even happened at all. The
end of the Khmer empire is still an enigma. 4. The Moche The Moche civilization thrived in northern
Peru for about 600 years. They produced great art and mud brick temples so huge they are
mistaken for mountains. But the Mochica people had no writing, so we know next to nothing
about them. Clues can be gleaned from artwork and burials. These suggest they carried out
ritual battles to control the weather, particularly to bring rain. The losers of the fake fight
would have their throats cut and be buried in mud, as human sacrifices. The Moche civilization disappeared suddenly
around A.D. 650. Cities have been found buried in sand. Climatologists analysed ice cores
from the Andes mountains and found that, in the 6th century, Peru suffered a super El
Nino, which caused 30 years of flooding followed by 30 years of drought. They argue this killed
off the Mochica. Archaeologists then discovered some towns
that were built after the year 650. Unlike earlier cities, these settlements are all
fortresses. But there is no evidence of any invaders at this time. It appears 60 years
of natural disasters forced the Moche into civil war, and they gradually wiped each other
out. 3. Mycenae From 1600 to 1100 B.C., Ancient Greece was
dominated by the city of Mycenae. Once considered mythical, the citadel was identified by Francesco
Grimani around the year 1700. The military stronghold was home to 30,000 people – a huge
number in the Bronze Age. Their religion and political system had a lasting influence over
Greece, probably introducing many of the key gods in Greek mythology, like Zeus and Poseidon.
The poet Homer composed about their exploits, most notably their conquest of Troy, another
fortress considered to be mythical until it was discovered in the late 19th century. Strangely, all the Mycenaean cities were burned
down around 1200 B.C., almost simultaneously. It wasn’t long before the empire collapsed. Explanations for the collapse include invasion,
attacks by sea raiders, social revolutions, earthquakes, or all of these factors combined. 2. The Kingdom of Aksum By the third century A.D., the kingdom of
Aksum was considered one of the four major world powers, equal to Rome, Persia and China.
Located in modern day Eritrea and Ethiopia, the city of Aksum’s skyline was marked by
giant stelae, the tallest in the world. It was a hub of trade, as well as a centre for
multiculturalism, being seen as a safe haven by Jews, Muslims and Christians. The Old Testament’s
Queen of Sheba is believed to have come from Aksum, and through her son the Ark of the
Covenant is rumoured to rest inside the Church of Our Lady of Zion, a place where Christians
gather in their thousands. It is not clear what ended the empire. At
some point the capital city was moved to another location, but we don’t know where. Two different
stories say the empire was destroyed by a conquering queen – either a Jewish queen from
the north, or a pagan queen from the south. Aksumite culture was not completely eradicated,
but the civilisation was no more. 1. The Picts The Picts are a problem: despite being Christian,
and therefore literate in Latin, the only “writings” they left are a handful of
indecipherable inscriptions on stones. Their buildings were made of wood, and rotted away
in the damp climate. We don’t even know what the Picts called themselves. They remain
a mystery. All we can do is make an educated guess about
their culture, thanks to their stunning jewellery, carvings and a few comments from writers like
Saint Bede. The Picts lived in eastern and northern Scotland, in a confederation of kingdoms.
They may have traced their kings’ right to rule through their mothers. They were once
wont to wear woad, which earned them their Latin name, Picti – the painted people. They
spoke a language similar to what became Welsh. But in the middle of the 9th century, this
language, laws and customs disappeared. Tradition says they were wiped out by Kenneth
mac Alpin, a king of the Gaels or Scoti, whose descendants gradually created Scotland. However,
historian Alex Woolf says evidence suggests Kenneth mac Alpin may have been a Pict himself
– in which case, the Picts were not physically destroyed, but culturally overtaken by the
Gaels. We just don’t know for sure – the problem of the Picts, persists.

100 thoughts on “10 Mysterious Lost Civilizations – UNCOVERED

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  2. Anyone else find it weird that the mycean cities were supposedly wiped out around 12k years ago? Theres a theory that around that time the Egyptians experienced an incredible heat index as to give explanation to all the burn marks all over their ruins and the shards of glass found all throughout their desert.

  3. The Bible God was blood thirsty too, first he wanted animal blood and eventually human blood, Jesus…just like the Mayans sacrificed humans to their God, the Europeans sacrificed Jesus for him

  4. at this point in uncovering and excavating the past I think its reasonable to say the Myths of the past are much closer to reality than taught. I certainly can't think of any reasonable way to move billions and billions of pounds of near perfectly smooth, angled and interlocking granite, diorite, marble, quartz, etc stones. Each of individual megalithic size that todays technological industry deems uselss to try and construct as its out of proportion and scale to our daily use as humans. Let alone the fact a single donkey was a rare (and privileged) mode of transportation in that way back machine we like to peer into and come up with stupid ideas and rational for how things were built… its a sacrificial altar aaahhhh! …its a TOMB!

  5. Ancient aliens wipe us out just to allow us to strive again one day? Sounds either totally retarded or maybe that’s the plan all along lol

  6. I would like to know what happened to the most mysterious people of MU. Many people have never heard of them and the rest is apparently all rumour. Your insight would be most appreciated.

  7. SORRY! The Maya did NOT "invent" the concept of null. The Babylonians had it about 600 years before they did and even they didn't invent it. The concept can only be rightly accredited to the Sumerians, who gave it to the Babylonians, who gave it to the Indians.

  8. Well if the Library of Alexandria wasn't burned by some tyrant we would have known what happened to some of those great civs.

  9. A group of thantries should be made and out of them selection should be made for three years to most important temples and lesser temples likewise so the monopoly of any particular family to a particular temple is abolished.

  10. Where is Inca civilization?? World's. Most brutal religious practices. And the mummification of three child

  11. They just recently found out the amazon was home to a mighty civilization with evidence of millions of people who used to live there. Which is where we get the story of El Dorado .

  12. Indus valley civilization vanished because of a nuclear explosion.
    The archeologists found trace of radioactive elements in their skull

  13. You have missed the most superior advance civilisation beleaved to be ruled the world and galaxies with many mysteries ruled by our mighty king of Sri Lanka Maha Ravana..please refer to our Prof.Mirando Obesekara's findings and his written facts and Similar scholars..

  14. The fact that you used an Mexica (Aztec) sun stone to introduce the Mayan civilization puts into doubt the validity of your information

  15. im from SINDH Moan-Jo-Daro and Harapa the Oldest culture Indus people lived in peace for thousand of years they were the most intelligent people who ever lived The ancient civilizations seemed to work with nature, not against it Today we work against nature due to greed and expediency Indus Valley Civilization is truly the glorious Jaye SINDH SINDH is one

    ALLAH HO AKBAR

  16. This is why I hate Stephen Hawking because he acts like he knows it all, but did he know about this?

  17. The Myceneans were attacked physically by the Sea People and culturally by the Dorians. They still existed, but upon their fall Greece fell into the Greek Dark Ages and relations between cities were limited to non existent. It is interesting, because Archaic and Classical era Greeks new almost nothing about them, the limited things they knew descending from oral legends and songs, like the Iliad, egen though they were their ancestors. It is sad really.

  18. You know quite a bit of other civilizations, but not Harappan, still it's at #10
    Quite fitting for a video for the title

  19. YOUR WRONG ABOUT THE PICTS BEING A Lost Civilizations AS MY FAMILY CAN TRACE OUR LINE BACK TO THE LAST OF THE RECORDED RULER SO WE KNOW SOME ARE STILL AROUND most became parts of other people like the scotts and welsh others we will never know as the last ruler is said to have given up his kingdom in favor of a united land with the other kingdoms at the time

  20. Hey, uhhhhh. The Mayans didn’t disappear, and were actually flourishing when the Spanish arrived. Even though the Spanish treated them barbaricly and slaughtered thousands. There is still plenty of Mayans living in Chiapas, many of whom are part of the Zapatista movement.

  21. A lot of speculation and traditional anthropology going on here. Truth is, we don’t have any clue how old most of the ancient megaliths and buildings are. I lean more towards the findings of Robert Schoc. Tens of thousands of years of water erosion on the great sphinx is a good start.

  22. Its amazing how many humans have lived on this world , these are just the ones we have found out about so far , i wish i could see the technology they used to use at their time

  23. The Maya inhabited Guatemala, Belize, Mexico, Honduras and El Salvador. This is so basic! Already such errors! And the image you showed of their 'calendar' was the Aztec Sun Stone. How hard is it to do basic but proper research?

  24. If I can go back to the past, I will devise a plan to make every war a stalemate and help them survive natural calamities to preserve every civilization that existed.

  25. Well, there is a sculpture depicting the religion of the Indus Valley Civilization known as the mother Goddess sculpture made of terracotta. Get your facts straight!

  26. "The Mayan Empire… and retreated into villages", welp, I already know this video is completely innacurate, moving on.

  27. You forgot about the Hohokam people! They lived in Arizona and New Mexico and they disappeared entirely from the world!

  28. Indus Valley exists in Pakistan and Mohen Jo Daro as well, I just uploaded an aerial view of MohenJo Daro architecture

  29. 5th one king real name is surya varman he is south indian tamil king his full name is surya varma cholan

  30. I think sumerians were aliens think about it… We havnt translated anything and they had a huge amount of knowledge we can't explain…

  31. Mayans and Aztecs still exist, they just half Spanish bastards from their previous conquerors and rapists of Cortez and his men.

  32. They have a replica ark of the covenant. The real one is right under the spot Christ was crucified to this day, with HIS blood right on the mercy seat the earth quaked, ground cracked blood ran right thru into the chamber.

    Jerimiah put it there and sealed up. Chamber as a burial. Soin every will see it. That blood on it proves only have one parent and more, the blood is ALIVE still!

  33. In the Kashita migration legend of the Creek people you learn that there is nothing mysterious about the disappearance of the Mayans.. They migrated to North America after the rise of the Aztecs, but their origins began in Vera Cruz, Mexico .

  34. It appears that all great civilizations are doomed to failure from within or without. Moral decay, ritualistic endeavors, wars, disease, weather, who knows. Are we next? Our civilizations are in moral decline plotting how best to annihilate one another. Mankind simply cannot learn from the past.

  35. Funny how religion was used to commit atrocities around the world. Genocide, rape, slavery, and theft all in the name of god.

  36. Lol when you forget the Maya still exist, still use their traditional calendars, and still, at least some, follow their old gods.

  37. The fact is, a civilization cannot last forever… nothing in this world is permanent… very sad indeed… also Epstein didn’t kill himself

  38. Actually, when the conquistadores arrived, the Mayan civilization was already gone. The aztec civilization's days were numbered.

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