China’s panda diplomacy, explained

China’s panda diplomacy, explained

This is Bao Bao. She was born in 2013 at the National Zoo in
Washington, DC. Here she is biting her foot. Here she is in the snow. And here she is in a jumbo-sized FedEx crate
bound for a one-way trip to Chengdu, China. Bao Bao left because she was never ours to
keep. Her parents, Mei Xiang and Tian Tian, came from
China 17 years ago. But they weren’t a gift – they were a loan. And that loan stipulated their offspring will
also belong to China, as do almost all of the pandas in zoos worldwide. Pandas’ natural habitat exists entirely
within the borders of one country. And that means these animals are more than
just mascots for China: they’re also tools in China’s global diplomatic strategy. What China figured out as it kind of became
more of an international power in the second half of the 20th century was that this was
something it could use to its advantage. Pandas have been part of Chinese foreign policy
since at least the 1950s. Initially, it was just kind of given in the
same way that you know governments have usually given exotic animals to others. It gave pandas to its allies. Then after pandas officially became endangered,
and that looked kind of tacky, they started giving pandas as loans. In return, the receiving
zoos pay $1 million, per panda, each year in fees. And if a cub is born, zoos pay an extra “cub
tax” of $400,000. The thing is … China doesn’t give pandas to
any country that can put up the money for a loan; it’s much more selective than that. Researchers at the University of Oxford have
noticed a correlation between panda loans and China’s international trade deals. In 2010, China realized that it needed to
find more market capacity to buy salmon.Their traditional trade partner, who was Norway,
had been kind of… The Nobel Peace Prize had gone to a Chinese dissident, China didn’t
feel like rewarding that behavior, so instead they turned to Scotland, which also produced salmon, also produced Land Rovers, which was something
else that the Chinese affluent class were interested in, and so they inked that trade
deal and a panda was sent to the Edinburgh Zoo. But what China gives, it can also take away. Consider the case of Tai Shan, Bao Bao’s
older brother from DC. China had made it known toward the end of
2009 that it wanted to take back the panda Tai Shan. It hadn’t really set a date yet. Officials at the National zoo asked China
to extend his stay, but the answer was no. Experts suspect a couple of factors were involved
in that choice. One, President Obama met with the Dalai Lama,
who is a strong critic of the Chinese government and a fierce advocate for the independence
of Tibet, which the Chinese government denies. And second, the US announced an rms sale
to Taiwan, over Chinese objections. A week later, Tai Shan and another panda
from the Atlanta Zoo were on their way to China. It considers pandas as kind of another arm
of diplomacy in the same way that, in the event of a diplomatic spat, one country might
recall its ambassador or might impose economic sanctions, China sees, or certainly appears
to see, from the way that its agreements go, pandas as kind of a way to reinforce international
relationships that it’s building and it wants to continue. More recently, we saw China delay a panda
delivery following the disappearance of a Malaysia Airlines plane carrying 152 Chinese
nationals. In 2014, Malaysia was all ready to get its
first panda. They had the enclosure ready at the zoo and all of that. And the day of the panda’s supposed arrival
came and went because the Chinese government was extremely frustrated with the Malaysian
government’s investigation of the flight, didn’t feel that it was doing enough, and so
kept the pandas for another month or two as a way to demonstrate to the Malaysian government
that yeah, we’ve signed a regional trade deal with you, we’re interested in pursuing a relationship,
but you’re not making us super happy right now. Currently, the US still has 12 pandas, including
Bao Bao’s new little brother, Bei Bei. But future relations with China could change
that. It’s entirely possible that, whether in a military respect in the South China Sea
or in a political respect with regards to Taiwan, that China will find good reason to feel that
the US is no longer interested in pursuing the kind of warm partnership that they’ve had. So what that means for panda diplomacy is
really anyone’s guess.

100 thoughts on “China’s panda diplomacy, explained

  1. So china tries to force its diplomatic moves with pandas who the f*** listen ti china for some pandas

  2. Well… do US need panda😐. As malaysia we have tapir and tiger previous Msia gov is very weird they prepare so much money just to taking care of panda. For me i think the panda will be much more happier to live in its original habitat

  3. I won't be surprised if President Xi suddenly demands Trump to send all pandas in the US' zoos back into China because of how the trade war has escalated

  4. When I clicked on this video, I thought it was going to be a whole video on all the pandas like the royal family.

  5. Why wont they let us breed them and kinda keep them ? I mean not that they dont have the right to not let us but still the panda population should be bigger they are the best

  6. If you are gonna report something do it right you idiots, you guys didn't even bother to learn how to pronounce their name properly

  7. There shouldn’t be any zoo’s in first place. We as humans cross that line first, there after

    China is right in doing so, cause wouldn’t US do the same? all western countries took everything valuable from the colonies around the world to their countries with no agreement to return or repatriation? Its kind of the same immoral game China’s playing as well. And why not, you deserve it!

  8. Let’s talk about Museums in US and where they got their merchandise/items/displayable(s) from? And How?

    Yes you guessed it!

  9. It's always very interesting to me how the country which yin and yang concept is from have an iconic animal with color of yin and yang.

  10. Do you know why Dalai Lama is a strong critic of Chinese government? Its because the liberation of Tibet damaged the benefit of the former ruling class….guess who that is? All the 'Lama's!

  11. You can never take pandas, same as koalas. The reason for this is because of pandas slow reproductive rate. Pandas are so limited that theyre in the endangered category. Due to this, any pandas offspring has to be returned to china. Everytime a panda is born, the percentage of the pandas species surviving as a whole increases by whole digits of percentiles.

  12. So many weird diplomacy that can make us be together
    Panda diplomacy, rice diplomacy, even nuclear diplom…..oh wait

  13. Raising pandas cost…think of it as subscription. Diplomatic tool or not … it is just another business. No big deal. So much political bs.

  14. i am not mad at panda diplomacy bc it at least ensures that the Chinese government is more invested in panda conservation etc

  15. Dumbest diplomacy ever, just keep the pandas an not pay the fee. Only 10% of China's land is harvestable, they need our food shipments more than their pandas.

  16. This is so interesting… BAD Country, gimme back ma PANDA…..GOOD Country, here's a Panda cause ur my new best friend instead. wahahahahaha

  17. Actually, Panda is really rare, most of the offspring share the same DNA, also, Pandas really relies on the Chinese environment, which means that they might face a huge risk for this species living outside China. The government spends a huge amount of money on panda research even got the full DNA array. which means China know how to take care of it. if you searching for some information you will find that lots of pandas dead oversea because of failed care. so send back to China is good for the pandas.

  18. This is like looking at countries as children and pandas as teddy bears. Passing them around and taking them back in a childish manner when things don’t go their way.

  19. I feel bad for the pandas getting tossed here and there for diplomacy. But atleast they are given good care.

  20. Can we stop treating pandas like an object rather than an animal? I mean jeez if the pandas knows that they're just being taken care for shows they'll feel sad

  21. what if US says no thanks we will keep the pandas, its not like sovereign bond default or something. what extent will china go to get them back, maybe war!!!!

  22. am i the only one who finds this so useless. the country gets a panda, they pay for the panda's well being and also pay China to keep the Panda! In return China gets the materials they need technically at a fee which when compared to the whole Panda thing is nominal?

    EDIT – Someone help me out with this, have I not understood this well?

  23. Reason our country india don't care about pandas because we have most of other animals china don't have😄

  24. We need to isolate china diplomatically. Its getting away with so much because of its size but also because of its influence. Its getting more dangerous.

  25. Its like my little sister. . . When she is angry with me and dont wanna tell. . She take her all belongings from me to show that she is angry. . . So china is little sister of every other country

  26. Quick question tho if there were a war with China and a county that already had two pandas could that country just keep the pandas& subsequent Cubs as prisoners of war

  27. China have done right thing obama shouldn't have met dhalai lama he is liar now because of political he said buddha was born in India he is no more good person

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