Civil Society and the UNCAC Review Process: The Review Process

Civil Society and the UNCAC Review Process: The Review Process


chapter three the review process in 2009 the cusp decided to review the convention in two five year cycles in the first cycle from 2010 to 2014 the review process will cover chapter 3 of the uncock on criminalization and enforcement and chapter 4 on international cooperation we review will x-ray domestic bribery foreign bribery embezzlement money laundering liability of companies whistleblower protection mutual legal assistance and more the review process follows a very tight six-month schedule it involves 1 a self-assessment by the country reviewed 2 a dialogue about implementation between that country’s representatives and review team and 3 the country review report at the start generally among officials of the foreign ministry the justice ministry or the anti-corruption agency the country reviewed appoints of focal points to coordinate the review process in country and to communicate with the Secretariat the names of the focal points are generally included among the list of country review experts that UNODC publishes on its website the country reviewed has one month to fill out the self-assessment checklist using a special software governments are given the option to publish the checklist by ticking a box on the first page of the software they are also encouraged to consult with civil society and preparing their checklist responses it may be helpful to approach the government to remind them to do this one month after the government submits its self-assessment the review team submits to the Secretariat the outcome of its desk review and begins a period of dialogue of about two months with the country reviewed if the country reviewed agrees the review team may visit the country to meet with government officials and the people who are knowledgeable about the situation in the country the basic structure of a country visit would be to use the occasion of face-to-face contacts in order to provide final clarifications perhaps probe a bit more into some of the responses that the country and the review has provided get a better understanding of not so much the framework of the legislative basis for the implementation but also how implementation works on the ground by month five the review team experts are expected to submit to the country with you to draft to the country review reports following a fixed blueprints then the Secretariat incorporates all the comments received and sends the amended report to the review team which agrees on a final report and prepares an executive summary these documents are then sent to the reviewed country for approval in case of disagreements the rules require a dialogue between the reviewed country and the review team to arrive at a consensual final report and its executive summary unfortunately only the executive summary must be made public and the full report is kept confidential it’s important that the whole report is being made available to all only in this way can information be passed in this way can information be shared by all and only in this way can society at large determine how the country is faring in his fight against corruption and which are the areas that require additional attention keeping this report secret would not make sense

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