Hey, guys. I’m Alex. Thanks for clicking,
and welcome to this vocabulary lesson on: “5 Verbs to Sound Smart”. Now, you may have
already checked out my lesson on five nouns to sound smart, five adjectives to sound
smart; and today, we’re looking at the verbs. So, from the top, we have the verb: “ostracize”.
All right? So repeat it after me: “ostracize”. Okay. So what “ostracize” means is to exclude
someone, generally from a social group like a family, or a team, or any kind of religious
group as well. So to exclude, shun, or snub them from a specific group. So, for example:
“He was ostracized for his beliefs.” So this person had different beliefs than the other
people in his social group, and the other people in his social group basically pushed
him away and didn’t allow him to return. They looked at… They looked down on him like
he was less than them. He was ostracized; he was excluded from the group. So, again,
you can be ostracized for your beliefs, you can be ostracized for something you say, you
can be ostracized for something you do. So, for example, if you follow, you know, a system
of faith, a religion that tells you that you have to act a certain way, if a person doesn’t
act that way, they could be ostracized by members of their religious community. Okay? The next one: “garner”. So think… Look at my hands.
“Garner”, which means to get, to acquire, to earn. You can also think of it as to collect.
So, the example we have on the board is: “They garnered a poor reputation.”
So this group of people basically acquired a poor reputation for their beliefs or their actions.
You can also, for example, garner evidence. Like if you’re a police officer,
you can also garner information. So you can say: “We have been trying to garner, collect,
or get, or acquire as much information as possible.” Or: “The police haven’t garnered
enough evidence to, you know, send the suspect to jail.” Next, we have: “contemplate”. Now, some of
you might be familiar with this word because it’s similar to something, you know, in a Spanish
language, for example. And: “to contemplate” means to consider or to think about something.
So, for example: “We have contemplated moving to a new city.” So this could be a family
or a boyfriend and girlfriend, or a couple and, you know, they have: “Hmm, okay, we have
talked about it, we have thought about it, we have considered, contemplated moving to a
new city.” So if you’re having a difficult time making a decision or it takes you a long
time to think about the process of decision making, you can use the
word: “contemplate”. Okay? Next one is: “differentiate”. So you might already
see the word or hear the word: “difference”. Right? In this word. “Differentiate” is the
verb form of: “difference”. So to be able to tell the difference, you can differentiate
between two or more things, or people, or objects. For example: “I can’t differentiate
between my twin cousins.” An important thing to remember about differentiate is if you
want to talk about and mention the two things you are comparing, you can use the preposition:
“between”, so you differentiate between “A” or “B”, or “A” and “B”. Okay? So to be able
to tell the difference. My twin cousins look the same, I can’t differentiate
between the two of them. And finally, we have the verb: “fluctuate”.
This comes from the noun: “fluctuation”. So “to fluctuate” is to change or vary, usually
at regular intervals. So the sentence we have on the board relates to the stock market. For
example: “The dollar has been fluctuating”-has been going up, going down, changing, hasn’t
been stable-“a lot this month.” So if something is constantly changing; going up, going down,
going left, going right – it is fluctuating. So what are some things that can fluctuate?
We can talk about the economy, you can also talk about the weather. So you can say: “The
weather has been fluctuating a lot this week.” You can also talk about, you know, your beliefs
or the things you say if they’re inconsistent with one another. Okay, guys, so from the top, let’s just listen
and repeat for the pronunciation of these words. “Ostracize”, “garner”, “contemplate”,
“differentiate”, and “fluctuate”. Okay, guys, so again, if you want to test
your understanding of how to use these words in a sentence, how to spell them correctly,
and just, well, how to use them correctly… I mean even if you know what the word is,
it’s a different story to be able to use it and incorporate it into your everyday vocabulary.
All right, guys, as always, check out the quiz on www.engvid.com and don’t forget to
subscribe to my YouTube channel. I’ll see you guys later. Take care.