Evidence That Ancient Civilizations Had Advanced Scientific Knowledge

Evidence That Ancient Civilizations Had Advanced Scientific Knowledge

These days, we think we’re all pretty awesome,
with our snapchats and twitters and whatnot. But while our technology is pretty impressive,
it turns out people thousands of years ago already knew things we’re only now starting
to figure out. Here’s some evidence that ancient civilizations
had advanced scientific knowledge. The Baghdad Battery The first commercial batteries were produced
in 1836 after decades of experimentation. But the first known battery actually dates
back more than 2000 years earlier. Known as the Baghdad Battery, this ancient
device was discovered in 1938 and works in remarkably similar fashion to modern batteries:
inside is an iron rod surrounded by a copper cylinder, which, when filled with vinegar
or other electrolytic liquid, produces less than two volts of electricity. Scientists are still trying to figure out
what the ancients used it for. Current theories point to the batteries being
used for electroplating precious metals in the process of gilding. That’s cool and all, but can it keep a phone
charged for longer than a single day? Because that’s the miracle battery society
really needs. Chinese earthquake detector A Scottish physicist invented the modern seismograph
in 1841, but a Chinese inventor named Zhang Heng beat him by 1700 years, building a device
that could detect earthquakes way back in the year 132. His contraption was a large bronze vessel
nearly six feet in diameter that would release a brass ball whenever there was an earthquake
anywhere in the entire country, indicating the general direction of the disturbance. According to legend, the device dropped one
of these balls in the year 138, indicating an earthquake had struck in the direction
of the capital city of Luoyang. People in the capital felt nothing, so they
assumed the device didn’t work. But days later a messenger arrived telling
of an earthquake far to the west of the city, proving that not only did the detector work,
it was even more sensitive than they believed possible. The Antikythera Mechanism Without a handy GPS to do the work for them,
ancient mariners had to rely on the movement of the planets and stars to navigate the seas. But they did have some help in the form of
a tremendously complex device known today as the Antikythera Mechanism, which originated
on the isle of Rhodes way back in the year 205 BCE. Exactly how it worked is unclear, as the only
known example still in existence is rusted and missing parts. But it had ingenious clock-like gears a full
millennium before that technology was previously known to have existed, as well as seven clock-like
hands that charted the location of the Sun and Moon as well as the five known planets
at that time, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn. A rotating silver ball charted moon phases,
while solar and lunar calendars kept track of eclipses. The mechanism could actually predict with
great accuracy the position of the stars years — and even decades — in the future. Damascus Steel Dating back to around the third century, Damascus
steel was an incredibly tough and shatter-resistant type of steel that could hold its edge far
longer than traditional steel. Knowledge of exactly how it was made, though,
was lost in the 17th century, with modern science only now decoding its secrets. Modern analysis of several Damascus blades
has found the existence of carbon nanotubes. These tubes help to make the blades both superplastic
and incredibly durable. The nanotubes appear to be the result of using
wood fibers in the manufacture of the wootz steel ingots that went into making Damascus
Steel. But it wasn’t until 1991 that modern science
even knew of the existence of carbon nanotubes. And even though the last Damascus steel blade
was manufactured hundreds of years ago, they are still superior to most grades of steel
used in large-scale manufacturing today. While science has nearly cracked the code
of Damascus Steel, though, there are still other ancient metals that have defied understanding. Case in point: The Iron Pillar of Delhi, which
has withstood the elements for over 1,600 years without rusting. It’s not the only one in India either, but
why this iron doesn’t rust and how it was made is still an unsolved mystery. The Lycurgus Cup Dating back to around the fourth century,
the Lycurgus Cup is green — except when it’s red. Yes, when lit from different angles, the cup’s
color changes completely. The phenomenon puzzled scientists for decades,
but eventually the modern world created a little something called nanotechnology, and
that’s when everything fell into place. Turns out the ancient Romans had figured out
how to imbue the glass with nano-bits of gold and precious metals a hundred times smaller
than a grain of table salt. Researchers studying the cup have discovered
that it can also change colors depending on the chemical composition of the liquids inside. The discovery has led to breakthroughs in
nanotechnology that could enable future tech, like Star Trek style tricorders that could
scan for pathogens in blood or saliva. “Fascinating” Göbekli Tepe The ancients weren’t just great at working
with metal and glass. They also were really good with stone, in
ways modern science still hasn’t figured out. For instance, Göbekli Tepe is the oldest
known build site in human history, dating back 12,000 years. This is supposedly before humanity had figured
out how to even make pottery, much less metal tools, which is why the precise stonework
on display is such a puzzle. The Aeolipile The first practical steam engine was patented
in 1698 by Thomas Savery, with James Watt’s 1781 model transforming the world through
the Industrial Revolution. When it comes to impractical steam engines,
though, the ancient Greeks had it on lockdown. First described by Heron of Alexandria in
the first century, this working steam engine has no known function other than just, like…
spinning and stuff. Considering how much it turns out we don’t
know about ancient technology, though, chances are it’s actually a time machine or something. Those guys knew what they were doing. Thanks for watching! Click the Grunge icon to subscribe to our
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48 thoughts on “Evidence That Ancient Civilizations Had Advanced Scientific Knowledge

  1. the unsolved mysteries theme song still scares me. I pee my pants when I see that shows clips on my uncles recorded vhs tapes. he plays those tapes just so I pee my pants. I should stop going over there.

  2. The explanation of herons steam ball was a bit underwhelming. You could have mentioned that if it had been studied more and perhaps combined with early knowledge of pistons, we could have had an industrial revolution a few thousand years early.

  3. if they had advanced scientific knowledge they wouldn't be building their houses out of poo and temples from rocks lol. they'd be using space age alloys even we haven't discovered yet.

  4. incredible!!! people keep putting modern batteries. in dirt for a while and then pretending that its ancient. idiots will believe anything

  5. Awesome vid, I really liked it. I knew about most of it already but I really liked your short vid you had demonstrating it. I didn't know about the The Lycurgus Cup or the Iron Piller of Delhi which was cool to learn about. Great video thanks 🙂

  6. baghdad batteries, not batteries. Damascus steel, accident. Indian pillars, very pure wrought iron (and they are starting to corrode with the recent massive increase in pollution). The rest, clever, but hardly advanced technology.

  7. LOL Gobekli Tepe is not the oldest men made structure, stop lying. Puma Punku in Bolivia is way older, Adam's Calendar is the oldest men made structures and then near Japan pre ice age underwater tempels.

  8. Wow, not one mention of Ancient black African technology which came at 200,000 years before most this especially the Sans people. Dogma who were able to figure out the position of Sirus constellation using ancient technology as far back as 1-2 million years ago. But not one mention of that. Hatred off black people is strong. Mentioned white (Roman) Asian, middle eastern, Greek and Indian culture.

  9. The caption sounds like people from the beginning were dumb. But the ones who been trying to figure things out for so long are Dumbass..Right?

  10. I appreciate the fact that you didn't talk about these like it's only a conspiracy theory or aliens. Humans are pretty neat.

  11. The city of Batman in Turkey. but during my military service Ephesus Turkey beings to mind ancient technology.

  12. Fascinating, I had to get the triple 7… not good. The serving Gov sure push out History books with faulty impressions.
    So much smart good came out of old superstitious old past not like Vatican religious science with Evolution and Big Bang tales.

  13. What if…

    The extinction of the dinosaurs was not due to a giant meteorite,but was the true MOAB (Mother of all bombs) ? A nuclear device long enough ago that all of the fallout has decayed away now.

    The story of Sodom and Gomorrah in the Bible resembles a nuclear attack on a civilization.

    This would explain a lot of the strange technology found all over the planet, and some fossilized human footprints that appear to date back to the time of the dinosaurs.

  14. Prove that the Baghdad battery is a battery. Prove it. Because the electroplating hypothesis is not the only one.

  15. I would not call it "Advanced technology". I would say that they knew more than we gave them credit for. Europeans would show up, consider the indigenous population idiots, force them into a new religion, and destroy their civilization and recorded history. So now, we are surprised that these people weren't complete idiots like we were told they are.

  16. I've forgotten where I read that Pythagoras 345 right triangle formula was known to carpenters long before Pythagoras published it.

  17. there were civilizations on Earth before recorded history. in fact, humans don't get dibs on the monopoly. we have no evidence that there were because there is no evidence since the ruins are dust but there is not evidence that there were NOT civilizations even 20,000 100,000 or a million years ago or even 100,million years ago! why dienigh it!

  18. Damascus steel is weaker than modern steel, stop pretending.
    The methods of making the Iron Pillar that stands in Delhi has already been found decades ago.

    There just so many inaccuracies in this video is mind boggling even wikipedia is more accurate.
    Also the pretentious retarded quotes like "Science does not understand even today" is just moronic, there fucking nothing in this list that science do not understand.
    Its just dumb.

  19. This is crap because of your bias against ancient civilizations, you will never find the truth – even when it stares you in the face.

    Gobekli Tepe isn't the oldest site. The oldest sites are in Africa, the place and the people you least want to give any due credit to.

    The Antikathera(?) device would be an African Egyptian invention because every one of the so-called great Greeks went to school in Ancient Egypt to receive the very education that they've been revered for. The records are clear. Even Hippocrates says that he's the child of Arscalapius in his "Hippocratic Oath." Aescalapius is the Greek name of the first recorded multi-genious, Imhotep. The same who was Grand Vizier to King Djoser and builder of the Step Pyramid.

    Funny how these dots have always been there, but you can't even see them, much less connect them.

    As for the oldest site, that could be the Great Pyramid itself. According to the late John Anthony West and Dr Robert Schock, its age may actually be upwards of 20,000 to 36,000 years old.

    It's been clear to me for decades that racism lies on science to embolden and justify white supremacy. The global archeological community is a case in point.

    You only prove the point with your lackluster presentation. You have no idea what's really going on.

  20. Now everyone uses calculators or writes down their calculations,3 thousand years ago people did all the calculations in their heads.They were a lot smarter back then,must have been,look at the pyramids and shit,and no trace of blueprints or explanation on how they build it.

  21. The Antikythera mechanism is Archimedes device, he wrote about it, sketched it, how the hell is people still hung up on this. no mystery none whatsoever

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