Indus Valley Civilization Facts – History of Ancient India | Educational Videos by Mocomi

Indus Valley Civilisation one of the earliest urban civilizations in India and in fact the world was the Indus Valley Civilisation also called the Harappan culture about 5000 years ago a group of nomads traveling from Sumeria the present-day Iran entered Northwest India near present-day Karachi these nomads found a land so richly fertile by the banks of the river Indus that they settled there without hesitation this area was abundant with water fodder and fuel over the next thousand years the immigrants spread over an area of half a million square miles excavations proved that the level of urban planning and architecture prevalent here was incomparable the anchor for this civilization lay in the beautiful twin cities of mohenjo-daro and Harappa the name mohenjo-daro means mound of the Dead in Sindhi the city was built around 2600 BC these cities were made up of bricks either baked mud or wood bricks the baked bricks were a superior version of the sun-dried bricks used in other civilizations the amazing part was that the workers made every brick of the same size the type of brick used ensured the durability of the buildings despite a population of about 30,000 the city had one of the best sanitation systems each house had a well from which it drew water from a bathing room the wastewater was directed into covered drains along the main streets since all the streets were well drained the city remained dry and clean this is evidence of a very modern method of sanitation and sewerage mohenjo-daro was primarily an agricultural city it was situated below the great mountain ranges with rivers flowing abundantly through the land depositing rich fertile soil this made evident the fact that agriculture was the main occupation further proof of this is the presence of a large well a central marketplace and several granaries in the city near the granary was the great public bathhouse known as the great bath steps led down to a pool lined with bricks in a huge courtyard the beautiful bath area had a layer of natural tar this was to prevent it from leaking in the center of the bath area was a swimming pool the purpose of the great bath was assumed to be for ritualistic bathing this is a practice followed by Hindus even today houses were well protected from noise odor and thieves each house opened out onto inner courtyards and smaller lanes so it was safe although some houses were larger than the others the city seemed to promote an equal society for all houses had the same kind of access to water and drainage the city had an impressive defense structure in place as well though it lacked outer walls there were defensive towers in the west and south since other in the cities had stronger defense systems in place it is speculated that perhaps mohenjo-daro was only an administrative center

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