Is Codex Sinaiticus Authentic?

Is Codex Sinaiticus Authentic?

Mark chapter one. Mark 1:1 “The beginning of the gospel
of Jesus Christ, the Son of God; 2 As it is written in the prophets, Behold,
I send my messenger before thy face,
which shall prepare thy way before thee. 3 The voice of one
crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord,
make his paths straight. 4 John did baptize in the wilderness,
and preach the baptism of repentance for the remission of sins. 5 And there went out unto him
all the land of Judaea, and they of Jerusalem,
and were all baptized of him in the river of Jordan,
confessing their sins. And John was clothed with camel’s hair,
and with a girdle of a skin about his loins;
and he did eat locusts and wild honey; 7 And preached, saying,
There cometh one mightier than I after me,
the latchet of whose shoes I am not worthy
to stoop down and unloose. 8 I indeed have baptized you
with water: but he shall baptize you
with the Holy Ghost. 9 And it came to pass in those days,
that Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee,
and was baptized of John in Jordan. 10 And straightway
coming up out of the water, he saw the heavens opened,
and the Spirit like a dove descending upon him: 11 And there came a voice
from heaven, saying, Thou art my beloved Son,
in whom I am well pleased.” You may be seated. Let’s pray. Father, I pray You,
show us why this chapter and these verses
are so important, and why they reveal
a secret that has been hidden for 150 years. Thank You, Father,
In Jesus’ Name, Amen. Is Codex Sinaiticus Authentic? Well… Where is Codex Sinaiticus? Well, physically, it’s in 4 places. It’s in the British Library;
there are pieces of it that are in St. Petersburg, in Russia; There are pieces of it
in St. Catherine’s monastery; And there are 86 pages,
which is 43 leaves of it in Leipzig, wherever Leipzig is. So there are 4 places
where the Sinaiticus physically is. But did you know that
its influence is in almost every modern Bible. The Codex Sinaiticus
is the document… The Codex Sinaiticus is the document
that tipped the scale. It was the straw
that broke the camel’s back. It was the last french fry
in the happy meal– whatever you want to call it,
it was the thing that made the difference
between the Bible that we know and a Bible that you–
that they– did not know. All the difference came
from the Codex Sinaiticus. Does it mean that all the changes
were in the Codex Sinaiticus? No, it does not. Does it mean that
the Codex Sinaiticus was a complete Bible? No, it does not. Does it mean that
the Codex Sinaiticus was a better made Bible? No, it does not. Does it mean we even know for sure
where it came from, or even, back then,
that they said they knew where it came from? No, it does not. I want to show you
where I think it came from, where I believe it came from. And you can believe what you want,
but I’m gonna show you evidence and tell you a story. Is that okay with you? Alright, so let’s start here. The question is:
Is Codex Sinaiticus authentic? Because if it is,
if it’s authentic, then it is a book–
it’s hard to call it a Bible– it’s a book calling itself a Bible
and it’s supposedly was around in the days of Constantine. It’s a book that supposedly
was one of the 50 Bibles that was commissioned
by Constantine, that he wanted to have
50 Bibles made. Now, there is a lot of
supposition in this. I’m just telling you the story. Well, let’s go a little further
(after I turn this on). Saint Catherine’s Monastery
is in what they call the Sinai Peninsula,
but I won’t call it that. I call it the Egyptian Peninsula,
because it’s not Sinai. That right there,
that is a physical copy in the British Museum,
the British Library, wherever they’ve got it right now,
that they rebound in 1934, put in a cover, like that. That’s a photograph of it right there,
And that’s a Deb’s drawing of Constantin Tischendorf. Constantin Tischendorf
is supposed to be The Man. Sinaiticus, Tischendorf:
they’re supposed to go together, like – you know – bread and butter. When I was a top Greek student
at Pacific Christian College in Fullerton, California,
my professor, Dr. Paul, said to me one day,
I don’t think that Tischendorf gets his proper accolades
for what he did. Everybody talks about
Westcott and Hort. But what it really came down to
was Tischendorf. That’s what he said,
when I was going off to Fuller Seminary and I was going into Advanced Greek. Why would he say that? Well, let’s follow a little bit here. There is a popular story. The popular story is
the one you’re gonna hear everywhere –not at Chick Publications,
but everywhere else, practically. Almost anywhere you go,
almost any book you get, it’ll have the popular story. Okay? This guy, Constantin Tischendorf —
that is actually based on a photograph from 1844,
which is the time we’re talking about. He was born in 1815, died in 1874. I think there’s suspicion
about how he died, and in the timing in which he did. But I won’t get to that
until a few more vlogs from now. I’ve got a lot of work to do. Supposedly he was a humble Lutheran. It’s hard to say that with a straight face,
because I read what he wrote. But it’s in the books. I’m telling you, I have his books. I have books about him,
biographies by other people. And it’s funny. On the one hand, they say
“This is what he was like.” And then you read his stuff,
and you go, “Huh? Are we talking about
the same person?” He had an eagle eye. That was according to his mom. His mom said he had an eagle eye. And other people said so,
because of something he did with the Ephraemi Rescriptus,
where over a 2-3 year period he kept looking at these
dyed pieces of animal skin that had been rewritten —
that is what “rescriptus” means. It means that somebody
wrote something, erased it, and wrote over it. And then you try to figure out
what’s on the bottom. That’s what a “rescriptus” is. And then he finally deciphered it,
and that made him so popular all of a sudden. He wanted to find the oldest and best
Greek New Testament. Now that’s because of
his Greek professor that he had in Leipzig. He studied Greek, like any
other Bible college student would. And he supposedly found —
his teachers told him there were these great big debates
that the Liberals were having… You know it’s funny… It doesn’t matter what school you go to,
everybody else is always the “Liberal.” It doesn’t matter how far
off the spectrum you’ve gone, there’s always somebody more Liberal
that you can compare yourself to– which the Bible says
we’re not supposed to do, huh? But supposedly he wanted to find
the oldest and best Greek New Testament, because…
he wanted to validate the Christian faith,
to validate it. Now, this is the thing:
he wanted to find the “oldest and best” because his teacher told him so. That’s what often happens. You’re told
that the way to find out if something is true
is to find the oldest and best. Why? Because… they said so. Right, Dr. Stringer? Because they said so. He believed his teachers,
just like I believed mine. It’s a normal story. It’s still part of the popular story. We’re good. So he wanted to
validate the Christian faith by finding the oldest and best
Greek New Testament, because “the Liberals”
were going against the Bible. This is the short form. I don’t want to go into detail,
and you don’t want me to, either. So let’s go back to here,
let’s look over here. This is Cairo
(actually it’s the sign “Cairo”) but nonetheless
it’s a location right there. You see the delta there? And that’s the Nile. And this is the Gulf of Suez,
and this is the Gulf of Aqaba. And there’s the real Midian, right there. And that’s St. Catherine’s monastery. Now St. Catherines monastery
is at the foot of one of the places that they pretended was Mt. Sinai. And so the monks had their
big place there. I showed it to you
a couple pictures back. Now at some point,
according to the story, the popular story,
in 1844 Tischendorf goes searching for manuscripts,
to try and validate the Bible. And he goes over here,
then he goes around here, around here,
and he goes to St. Catherine’s monastery. And while he’s there,
he sees some people throwing something into a trash can,
to be burned. And he looks at it,
and it’s the oldest and best Greek he’s ever seen… Because he can tell… [Laughs] And he manages to rescue
the 43, the 43– he said it–
he said “43 sheets,” but that’s not possible. Because a sheet
is a whole piece of paper like this, folded over. If it’s cut,
then what you have is called a leaf, or a folio. And then you have
a page on one side, and a page on the other. You have the recto on the front,
and the verso on the back. So actually what Tischendorf said
wasn’t correct. And besides, they weren’t cut. He cut them.
That’s another story. Anyway, there’s a lot of things
that you find out over time. But the story is that he found these
43 — folia — and that they just happened to
fit together perfectly. And then he ended up taking them
back up to Leipzig and dedicating them to
Frederick Augustus, and calling them Codex Friderico-Augustanus. But he didn’t want to tell anybody else
where he got them from, because of the simple fact that
if anybody else found that out, they might get hold of the manuscripts
and he wouldn’t have the discovery of a lifetime. Have I made sense so far? He’s looking for
the discovery of a lifetime. He wants the oldest and best. According to the story,
he found something that’s the oldest and best
that he knows of. He’s excited,
he gets what he can, and he takes off. That’s the story, okay? Okay, 1844, St. Catherine’s monastery,
Then he found that it was in a trash can. That’s where he supposedly rescued
those 43 folia, 86 pages. In 1853 he came back. But they all hid things from him,
according to Tischendorf. There was nothing else
for him to find. He found some other pieces of things,
and he was happy with that, sort of,
but he was really trying to get more of those pages,
like he saw in the trash can, according to the story. Then in 1859 he came back
and got Sinaiticus. I’m really shortening the story. It’s a big story,
but he came back with a whole Russian delegation–
because the Russians are always involved… .
it was a conspiracy– [laughs]
And he got in there, and he got Sinaiticus out of there. And it was the greatest, oldest, best,
and it’s the most wonderful thing since sliced bread… And it revolutionized Christianity. I always ask the same question. “Did that happen?” When Tischendorf brought
the Codex Sinaiticus in, and then critics went,
“Oh, wow, that’s kind of similar to the Vaticanus!
Ooooh! Maybe both of these are
the oldest and best. Maybe we should
weigh these two together, and wherever they agree…” That’s the Westcott and Hort theory. “Wherever these two agree,
that’s the real Bible.” And if they disagree,
then we have options, and we’ll kind of weigh them, and
make up a bunch of rules as we go along.” And remember the basic principle
of textual criticism? “The more difficult reading
is to be preferred.” They want the more difficult. So if it’s contradictory,
if it’s missing something, if it doesn’t make sense,
if it’s bad Greek, that’s “the original.” Just remembering, that’s their
evolutionary point of view. And it is wrapped up in
evolution theory, too. But that’s another story. There’s “it’s oldest and best.” That’s what they said. The question is,
What really happened? And that’s what I was confronted with. Because of Chris Pinto.
does anybody know who Chris Pinto is? Chris Pinto — he did some movies. He has Adullam Films. He did a thing called
“A Lamp in the Dark,” a thing on the Bible,
a video on the Bible. another video, called
“Tares among the Wheat,” and then another one, called,
“Bridge to Babylon.” There are 4 tests for history. I want to find out. Because Chris Pinto,
he emailed me, and I think he called me. And he wanted me to sell–
because we sold “A Lamp in the Dark,” he wanted me to sell
this other one about the Codex Sinaiticus called
“Tares Among the Wheat.” And I said, “Uhhhhhhhhh…. Let me get back to you.” So I started checking my sources. And I checked somebody I thought was
a very reliable person named Frederick Scrivener. I mean, he’s the guy who gave us
that paragraph King James. And that was in the 1800s. Wasn’t that a good thing? And so I started looking things up,
and trying to read all that. And I said, “He’s just a con man. He’s a counterfeiter. He’s a this. He’s a that.” And I went, “Yeaaaah,
I don’t really see this is, your story is working out. Because you’re saying
this counterfeiter con-guy– created the Sinaiticus?” Could he have done that
in the 1800s? And this great scholar Tischendorf,
the most stellar guy around, didn’t catch it? So I was like “Yeaaaah,
I’m not sure I beleive that.” And so we wouldn’t stock the DVD. But then over time,
I started making these videos and stuff, and having our website with
you know, “vlogs” that I do. And I was praying about
what I would do for another vlog. And as I was praying,
the one thing that came to my mind was “Codex Sinaiticus.” And I’m thinking,
“Okay, two videos.” 40 VIDEOS LATER… Yeah, it turns out
there was a lot more to it than I thought. There are 4 tests to history I came with. I wanted to come at it
with tests of history and tests of reliability,
as far as I could do. So I’m sharing it with you,
so that you can see how I came to
where I got to, okay? The first one here: “Corroborating Witness. If I find an institution or person
with a good reputation, who agrees that something happened,
then that is a testimony in Simonides’ favor.” Because Simonides gave this
really simple testimony in 1862, in saying, Here’s what happened. I’m the nephew (grand-nephew
of his great uncle), of a guy who was named Benedict,
he said. And he was this monk. And he has previous names,
because when you go into a monastery
you change your name. And you change it into something
that begins with the same letter that your name starts with. So his real name is Bessarion,
and before that, Basileios. Basileios, Bessarion,
and then when he became a monk, he took on the name Benedict. B – B- B.
Only now the Greeks use a “V,” so it’d be Vissarion. And then he said
he taught at a place called Cydon, C-y-d-o-n. And while he was doing this,
for 35 years, he was looking to create a new Bible. He wanted to make a Bible
to correct the Bibles. And then he wanted to
collect manuscripts to make this Bible,
and also seven Greek church fathers,
and their writings. And he wanted to put them all
together in one big book, and then publish that. And then, of course,
he was there for 35 years, retires, and then he goes over to
one of the monasteries in a place called Mt. Athos,
becomes a monk… This is all written out,
just matter-of-factly, really straightforward. He writes this story out,
as if it’s real. And Benedict goes to this monastery,
and the Greek War comes, and he goes to different places,
and then he comes back. And then he comes back
to Panteleimon, repairs the monastery,
because he’s rather– he’s well-off, financially,
and he was able to have money to help them repair the monastery,
after the Greek War. And then after that,
he goes back to his project. And then he gets to the point
where he has gathered his manuscripts and he’s also found a monk, Gregory,
who was dying. On his deathbed,
he treated Benedict like his father. He liked him,
and he told him the secret of where his stash of manuscripts was. And it was in this underground place,
and you’ve got to look here — and he gave him these directions. And then Benedict followed them. But while he did, his grand-nephew,
Constantine Simonides, was with him. And they went down and —
“OHH!!” And then Constantine cried,
because he saw the horrible state the manuscripts were in. But then they gathered them up,
put them in another room… This is just CRAZY to me! And they put them in another room,
but then they grab them. And then Benedict says, Okay,
I’ve got everything together. I need you to go find a printing press. Simonides goes out,
he goes off to Athens, and he tries to find a printing press. Writes back and says,
There’s nothing here but the ones that come from some other place. And Benedict says,
Nevermind, I’ve got another idea. So Simonides comes back,
and Benedict says, Here’s what we’re gonna do. You hand-make
a replica kind of Bible, an ancient-looking Bible. And we’ll present that to the Tsar,
and the Tsar will like it so much, that he’ll give us a printing press. We’ll ask him if he can
donate a printing press to the monastery. Then you, Simonides,
can start printing all these manuscripts that we have here,
but we don’t have to let them leave. Nobody can take one and go off with it. We’ll print it here at the monastery,
Panteleimon. That’s Simonides’ story. Do you think that sounds believable? Or do you think it sounds,
Ehhhh, you’re not sure? How many people are not sure? Okay. That’s where I was. I was not only not sure,
I was sure he was lying. “If I find an institution
or person with a good reputation, who agrees that something happened,
then that is a testimony in Simonides’ favor,” though. So here’s the 2nd rule:
“Detailed Knowledge If I find that Simonides
had detailed information about a place or event,
that most people would likely not have, that is an indication that either
Simonides was there, or he learned that information
from someone who was there.” Does that seem reasonable to you? That’s my 2nd qualification. Here’s the 3rd. “Time-Specific Knowledge.” Now we’re getting into limited time. Here’s a great way to think of
time-specific. Luke: everybody knows who Luke is. The book of Acts
is a non-refutable book, because he used Greek terms
that were used for officials that only existed for
a limited amount of time. People who were only around
for a short period of time, before changes in government happened
and other events happened. And he called everything
by its name. And when he went on a ship
he used ship terms. And when he was on the land
he used those terms. He used the terms of the area. He was so specific, because
he was trained as a historian. He said he was. He didn’t say he was trained as one,
but it’s pretty obvious. He said I researched everything
from the beginning. He said that in Luke 1. He said that in Acts 1. But when you go to the sea voyages,
I have a book from the, was it late 1800s, early 1800s? (1866)
where a guy took a yacht out and recreated Paul’s journey,
to see if it was legitimate, and it totally was.
And it blew him away. He had the money to do it.
Okay “Time-Specific Knowledge,”
then is: “If I find that Simonides lists events
that happened for a limited amount of time,
within a narrow timeframe, and the story lists specifics
that were not common knowledge, that indicates that either
Simonides was there at that time, or he learned that information
from someone who was there in that limited timeframe.” Does that seem reasonable? Okay, that’s the next one. And 4th:
“Consistent Actions or Events If someone’s story
tells about a person doing something that I can historically find him doing
in another place around that time, we can say that at least this event
is consistent with his behavior, and therefore plausible.” Does that make sense? So if somebody says,
“This guy jumped rope over here,” and you know he jumped rope
over there, and he was a jumprope champion,
then you can think, “Yeah, it’s possible. There’s room in the timeline for it. Then maybe that happened. It’s at least plausible.” Okay, that’s the 4th level. Then we have something else,
but let me show you those again. 1. Corroborating Witness
Somebody who’s there. 2. Detailed Knowledge
You know stuff other people don’t know. 3. Time-Specific Knowledge
Limited period of time in which you could possibly
have found that out. And finally, 4. Consistent Actions or Events
At least if you cannot prove they did it there,
you can prove that they did it somewhere else. And it’s consistent with
the person’s behavior. Next thing:
there are “4 Levels of Certainty.” I literally made these up. I went, “God, what am I gonna do? How am I going to weigh this? And so I wrote these up
on the big white board over at Chick. “Four Levels of Certainty 1. Historically verified
If I have other evidence that reasonably proves
the events happened the way they were described.” Histories,
other people’s histories, descriptions. 2. Historically justified”
The next level. “If the evidence doesn’t prove
that the events happened that way, but that it makes perfect sense
that they would have happened that way.” There’s nothing inconsistent about it. 3. Historically probable,”
that’s the next level down. “It is reasonable and maybe likely
that the events could have happened in that
or a similar way, but there’s not enough information
to say it’s what happened.” That’s the 3rd level. And the 4th level,
“Historically possible. It was not impossible
that it happened, but there isn’t enough evidence
to lead you to any conclusion.” So those are the four levels. I have 4 historical criteria,
and 4 levels of certainty. 1. Historically verified 2. Historically justified 3. Historically probable 4. Historically possible. And I went, “Okay,
I’m gonna check this out.” I mean, what else can I do? Alright, so let’s do another history here. In 1862, A Greek named
Constantine Simonides, that I’ve been mentioning already,
claimed he made the Sinaiticus himself, as a project for his great-uncle. And he was ridiculed. And he was called a forger and a con. He never backed down. No matter what,
he never backed down. In fact, Simonides even
challenged Tischendorf to stand here and bring
what he said he had. And Simonides was gonna show him
from what he had, that he himself had written it. Simonides was going to prove it
to Tischendorf. Constantin Tischendorf
never showed up. He never came. In fact, he avoided London. The consensus of scholars agreed
that he was lying, and all our history books say that. I had to say that because of you,
Brother Stringer. The consensus of the scholars
all say it’s so. It’s true! The consensus says it,
so it must be TRUE, right? Is the consensus
of the scholarly community right? And of course, you have to
get to that same question. What are those 3 words? “Who says so?” And the 4 words:
“How do you know?” Did Constantine Simonides lie? Can we prove it? Yes, we can. I had to show this. This is Chris Pinto and me
and Cracker Barrel. My first Cracker Barrel. That was the beginning
of a love relationship. We now have it in California. See, we’re happy. That’s over in Nashville,
over by Nashville, in Mt. Juliet. This is what I found. First of all,
what in the world is Mt. Athos? And if it’s in Greece,
what is it, like Mt. Olympus? I mean, how could you go,
and do the things Simonides said he did? And I really haven’t gone into detail. But this is Mt. Athos. I’m gonna give you a better picture
in just a second, but first I wanted you to
see what this is: it’s a peninsula. Mt. Athos is a place
that since the 900s AD has never had a single woman on it. That’s if you don’t count Mary-worship,
because boy, are they into that! They’re Orthodox. There all the… Greek, Russian, Bulgarian,
I’m not sure about Coptic, but most of the Orthodox go there. And they have monasteries there. And until the storm wipes out one,
and they build another monastery or something,
then they continue to live there. And it goes on and on. They have big ones,
they have little ones, they have tiny little huts on cliffs. And they go to suffer for Jesus,
or whatever it is, or more likely, for Mary. Because remember,
an Orthodox person is, all the way up to 1000 AD,
agrees with most of the same doctrines that
the Catholic church has taught. So they are just as lost
as anybody else. But neither can I imagine
life without my Lord. So over here,
there’s Esphigmenou. That is the monastery, right there,
that is where Simonides said his great-uncle
came into the monastic system and changed his name from
Bessarion to Benedict. And then over here,
on the other side, it’s calmer here in the Gulf. It’s rough on the Aegean side. Right here at the end is where
a lot of ships have gone down in history, great stories. There’s Penteleimon, right there. It’s a real monastery. I was excited just to find out
that the monastery was real. You see, there’s a whole bunch
of elements in the story that you don’t know if they’re real
if you don’t check them. And most people back then
couldn’t check them, because they didn’t have Wikipedia,
and they didn’t have Google. And they didn’t have people
posting their pictures online. But here, here’s Google Maps. If you have a Bible,
and I know you do, in the Bible map section
(here’s Greece) look for the 3-fingered glove,
right here. There’s Thessaloniki,
or Thessalonica, right there. And that is Mt. Athos. You now know you have that
in your Bible. So you can find it now. It’s a real place. And again, Mt. Athos
is a peninsula. It’s not a mountain. There’s a mountain ON the peninsula,
but the entire peninsula is called Mt. Athos. I was trying to figure out,
Why couldn’t anybody just walk in? What is this thing about restrictions? I couldn’t understand any of this,
until I started trying to find places. And then I found out
they were all real. Okay, so this is Athos,
and then we go way down here. See, this is Asia Minor,
otherwise known as Turkey now. And right here,
at this little tip, this is the Isle of Rhodes right here. And then right there,
that’s the Isle of Symi. Simonides said he was from
the Isle of Symi. I thought, Can I prove that? Oh, my goodness! It turns out you can prove
all sorts of things now. And I’ve got it in my vlogs,
so you can see it there. I’m just summarizing, okay? You understand, right? So this is important,
because of all this progression. So now I know the places are real. What about Ayvalik? Well, it turns out this is Smyrna. This is Izmir. This is Smyrna, right there. And see this right here? That’s Lesvos. And this is Ayvalik. It turns out Ayvalik has another name:
Cydoniae, because Ayvalik and Cydoniae
are the same name in two different languages,
Turkish and Greek. And Cydoniae is “Cydon.” That’s the place
that was mentioned by Simonides, where supposedly,
for 35 years, his great uncle taught. Okay, we’re getting somewhere! There IS a Cydoniae (Kydonies). There was a Cydoniae, at least. So I started looking through
history books and everything, trying to find a Cydoniae,
and I found out, Oh my goodness, there is one. And there was a school there. And there was stuff taught there. And it was Greek. And it was a Greek community,
in the middle of a Muslim area. There’s Cydoniae, right here. There’s the Isle of Lesvos. There’s Chios, right out of the Bible,
the Book of Acts, there’s Chios. There’s Smyrna,
right out of the Book of Revelation. There you go. So right there is Cydoniae. And it turns out,
it was run by wealthy Greeks. And I have a theory about
how they may have gotten their independence as a city. I think it had to do with helping
a certain prince. But I think it may also have to do with
the fact of what they were doing there. This is Panagia ton Orphanon. That’s the school. It’s still standing. My book said
Cydoniae was completely razed by the Ottoman Turks. It’s still there! I found the building. Not only I found the building,
I found people’s home movies. I’ve got the stuff. It’s still there! So the stories —
I thought Simonides was making this up,
because there was no way on earth for a razed city to be investigated
in the 1800s. The thing about a liar —
and I’ve spent years– because I came out of cults,
and I came out of the est Training, and the occult,
I wanted to check and see if people were telling the truth. And the fact is,
it’s kind of like certain presidents. They can’t open their mouth
unless they’re telling a lie. In fact, the way
you know they’re telling a lie is their mouth is open. And sounds are coming out. The key about certain liars
is that they literally cannot get away without lying. They get so used to it. In fact,
in a previous administration not very long ago, there was
a person who risked her life, though she said she was a Christian,
she said, I’ve made my peace with God,
and I’m a Christian and I’m just gonna
tell you guys the truth. She put it on the internet. She said,
when this person was a teenager, if he walked in the building
and told you that it was sunny, you’d grab your umbrella
before you went outside. Because they lie
when they don’t have to. So I read lots of books on this.
and I’m going, I’m expecting to find lies. With all the stories
about this Simonides guy, I’m expecting to find lies. I’m not finding them. This place is real. And there it is:
Cydoniae’s in Turkey. It was paid for by wealthy Greeks. The teachers were educated in Italy. I found out stuff. I’ve got a video about all that. You can watch all that for yourself. The teachers were taken from there
to learn teachings over past Rome in Italy,
northern and over from Italy. The teachers, while away,
became Freemasons. And that’s important. I have that in the video,
“Raising Rebels,” “Simonides Betrayed” part 4
of the second series, called “Sinaiticus Timeline.” The teachers while away
became Freemasons. That’s important
because of the doctrine. Four groups converged at this point. Four groups. By the way, I can’t find
any documentation that anybody’s ever
put this together before. And I sat there in the office,
looking at this information, in an office
in Rancho Cucamonga, in a very quiet office,
with no radio. And I’m sitting there
looking at this stuff in front of me, going, “God, why are You
giving this to me?” And this is just
dropping into my lap. And all I’m doing
is just looking it up. You mean none of my professors
even tried? Four groups converged:
There’s Freemasonry, Enlightenment thought,
Gnosticism, and Revolutionaries. I have a whole video just about that. But the whole point is,
those 4 points of view had some commonalities
by that time. And they were the idea of:
a path upward toward godhood. Now I know a lot about that,
because I was raised in Religious Science,
and that’s perfectly in line with that kind of idea. When you get to the esoteric doctrines,
that’s where you end up. That’s also called Apotheosis. Did you know that the
Greek Orthodox church at least has changed? Because I’ve got a friend
who just came to the King James like a week ago,
and he himself has told me about what the Greek Orthodox are teaching. They are teaching Apotheosis now,
and teaching that’s Christianity. That’s that you can become… God:
apotheosis. Isn’t that amazing? It’ll become important in a little bit. We’re gonna do a Bible study. That’s called Apotheosis. Now –there we go,
I found that Benedict did teach at Cydonies/Ayvalik. But he wasn’t called Benedict. He had a pre-monastic name
that I told you, Bessarion or Vissarion. And when I looked it up,
sometimes I looked it up in Greek. I took a chance,
and looked it up in Greek. Because you can look up a page,
and then press Google translator, and the translated English page
that you have, is not the same page
as the English page that you were looking at. I tried some pages in Russian,
and I translated the page. And that wasn’t the same page
as when I had looked at it in English. And I got more information. Then I took that page
and translated it back, and I went, Oh, my goodness. Look what I’m finding! He’s called Vissarion of Symi,
the very place that Simonides said he was from. Again,
if Simonides didn’t know this guy, what you don’t know yet,
is that city was destroyed in 1821. At least, the people were killed,
and Turks took over the buildings, and all the women and children
were gone. And there were no more Greeks
in that city, until after the war was over. And that was the war against the Turks,
which we’ll get to in a second. Benedict really was there. I found even more,
just a number of months ago, on somebody’s personal page. And he was just listing
all the professors of the school, from their knowledge,
and it was right there. Vissarion of Symi was right there. That is Simonides’ uncle. So now let’s do a little Bible study. That is a page of Codex Sinaiticus
right there. You see that’s the color bar on the left. If you read the book,
or see it out there, Is the World’s Oldest Bible a Fake?
you’ll see that the pieces that Tischendorf took out in 1844
were and still are, white. In 1845, an Archimandrite,
a high-level, Russian Orthodox guy, went in there and described them. He described them as… white. But in 1859, after Tischendorf
took them away, he described them as “sufflava,”
which is yellowed or aged. Why would that be? So I put them together
and made a big collage, or mosaic. And it’s on the cover of the book. You can see it on there. You can see these light pages,
and all these dark pages. Why would you color pages dark? That’s almost like you’re trying
to make it look older than it was. Maybe Tischendorf figured out
something that he wasn’t supposed to know? He figured out
it was not as old as the thought it was? And that’s why he kept the two parts
apart from each other? That’s why he wouldn’t
put them together? That’s why he
published them separately? That’s why he
passed it off as the oldest and best, but only when he got
the other (darkened) part? But look at this. This is the Gospel of Mark. What we just read,
“Kata Markon.” Let’s zoom in here. Okay. Can you read that,
Brother Stringer? Okay. “Arche,” the beginning
“tou euangelliou,” of the Gospel,
of Jesus Christ, just as… What?? Oh wait. What’s that right there? There’s these tiny things. Let’s look at those. Let’s zoom in. That upsilon-upsilon
and theta-upsilon stand for “Son of God.” So “Son of God”
wasn’t originally there. So let’s read this,
without “the Son of God.” Verse one. “The beginning of the gospel
of Jesus Christ…” Mark 1:2 “As it is written
in the prophets…” What happens if you don’t have
“the Son of God”? If you don’t say “the Son of God”
in the first verse, take a look at this. Please go to verse 5. Mark 1:5 “And there went out
unto him all the land of Judaea…” and they “were all baptized of him
in the river of Jordan, confessing their sins.” Why were they confessing their sins? Because in verse 4 it said John preached “the baptism
of repentance for the remission of sins.” So if you’re getting baptized,
you’re also getting your sins remitted, as you’re preparing for Messiah. Yes, or no? That’s what John is doing, yes or no? So then it says,
when you jump all the way down to verse 9, it says,
“And it came to pass in those days, that Jesus came from
Nazareth of Galilee, and was baptized of John in Jordan.” Did He confess His sins? Everybody else did. Look at the next part. Mark 1:11 “And there came
a voice from heaven, saying, Thou art my beloved Son,
in whom I am well pleased.” Oh! After He gets baptized,
He gets called “the Son.” If He’s not called “the Son of God”
in the beginning, He’s not the Son of God
until verse 11. Do you get it? Get the doctrine? That’s the doctrine
that you become a god. That’s that doctrine
that I just told you about. If you don’t have the words
“the Son of God” in verse 1,
you have the very doctrine that the Freemasons,
and the Revolutionaries, and the Enlightenment people,
and the Gnostics were teaching. In fact,
that’s Gnostic. The original copy that Vissarion got
was Gnostic. When it was being checked
down in St. Catherine’s monastery, is when they changed
and wrote “the Son of God” in. And there was a tussle
that went back and forth, as the manuscript
went back and forth a couple times, between St. Catherine’s monastery
and back to Athos. I figured that out. That’s part of “the Sinaiticus Timeline.” I haven’t got that video out,
so I’m telling you early. I’m telling you early. In late 1842, Constantine Simonides
got Sinaiticus back. He’d been going through
different monasteries. And he found a whole bunch of
different copies of Barnabas– the Epistle of Barnabas. He’d used one copy,
and that copy is the one he used for the text he copied into Sinaiticus. It wasn’t called “Sinaiticus,”
Tischendorf called it that later. But I’ve got to give you a name, right? I can’t call it 6 different names. It’d be confusing. So here you go. You have this Bible. It’s written with Gnostic thought in it. The manuscripts that Vessarion got–
or Benedict– were Gnostic in origin. They were Gnostic manuscripts. And he was using them
to modify a Bible. My theory is that he— There it is, right there. See that? “Huiou Theou,” Son of God. When you put a bar over it,
it’s the first and last letters of the word. Here’s the Ottoman Empire. And here’s Greece. I think that the purpose
of making that Bible, and the purpose of getting it
to the Tsar, was to get the Tsar
to approve of the Bible, and to change the Bible
from the Byzantine Empire. Because they were using
a Majority Text, at least in their main
New Testament scriptures. And what Benedict was doing
was bringing in the Gnostic ideas, and getting that Bible published. If you get the backing of the Tsar,
and he’s a religious man, and you can pass that Bible through,
you have a lot of authority. In other words,
what ended up happening somewhere else (England),
was originally planned to happen there (in Greece),
until somebody else got the Sinaiticus. And the football went into
another field. So, right here, after this we have
“The Ottoman Empire Strikes Back.” That’s after this point. Benedict gets out just in time. He retires in 1819,
and he goes up to Athos, to Mt. Athos. And he goes
to Esphigmenou monastery. And at that time,
all the revolutionary ideas that were being taught in Ayvalik,
were teaching the kids how to rebel against the Turks. That’s what was really going on. I have that in the
“Raising Rebels” video. You can see this for yourself. But they were actually teaching youth
to rebel against these. These were kind Muslims, for once! And they were actually taught
to rebel against them! And when the rebellion happened,
Grigorios V, who was executed by Muslims–
he was a monk and stuff– but he was actually a spy. And he really was guilty. And it’s hard for me to deal with that,
because that’s politics. But the fact is,
it started this rebellion. And they had this big old fight. And then the Greeks used that
to take back — they wanted to recreate
the Byzantine Empire. It didn’t quite happen,
but ultimately they got a Greek state out of it. And so, as a result, Vissarion–
and this is an interesting thing, because I thought this wasn’t real. I thought, how could this possibly
be real? Simonides goes on to list
a whole bunch of places that his uncle went:
from here, to here, to here, to here, to here. And I thought the places didn’t exist. I’m telling you, I believed that,
until I starting looking. And so, Benedict went from Athos,
and he came right over here to the Isle of Hydra. And he came here to Kythira. And he came here to Spetses. And Spetses is important,
because it’s right on the other side of this little peninsula here. And right here was the guy
who became the new leader of the Greek state. Guess who else he was? His name was Ioannis Kapodistrias. He also was good friends
with Simonides’ dad. He’s the one who made Simonides’ dad
the governor of the Dodecanese Islands. His dad–
well, Kapodistrias was a Mason, and so was Simonides’ dad. And Simonides’ dad was a member
of a secretive group called the Filiki Etairia. I had to find all this. I found a small mention of Helairia. And I thought,
Could Helairia be Etairia? And I looked it up and checked it up,
and that’s exactly what it was. And I looked on Masonic sites,
and they told me! So I started connecting all these details
together, and I went, “Simonides keeps telling the truth!” When there was no way
for anybody to verify it. The Filiki Etairia was a private society. If you asked about it,
they would kill you! And only people who were
high-level Masons were even allowed to be in the upper echelons. And that’s what
Simonides’ dad was doing. Simon (Simonides’ dad) was recruiting
in Asia Minor and North Africa, to create the force,
to fight against the Turks. This is all real! It’s making it hard for me
to disbelieve Simonides. I had to call Chris Pinto up,
and say, “Chris, I’m sorry. We’ll sell your video,
because I keep trying to prove Simonides wrong.” And you know what Chris said? “David, that’s exactly
what happened to me. I was making a documentary. I thought the guy was a liar. But I had to simply do due diligence. And when I did,
I kept finding that he told the truth.” Oh, he got in trouble with everybody! He took the heat. That’s why I keep giving him credit. And I hope you hear that, Chris. He literally, Chris Pinto took the heat. And he’s not a “Bible scholar.” He’s a producer. He’s a godly man. And I thank God for him,
because he got weirdos like me to start looking at things like this. So look at that. All this stuff was real. And what happened is,
at this point, Ioannis Kapodistrias, in 1828
he had just become the governor. The war had just ended. And he called Benedict over. And I found documentation for that! That then Benedict–
remember that now he’s called Benedict, not Vissarion anymore–
was called over to Kalavria on the other side of the peninsula. On the other side, right there. And he taught a bunch of kids. And Simonides just mentioned it. And in fact, he didn’t mention
the exact same number. He mentioned it different by 2 people. If you have a class,
you can gain 2 students or lose 2 students, easily. I’ve been a teacher, I know. In elementary school,
they change all the time. So that happened, and
as soon as Kapodistrias was murdered (that’s another story),
Benedict was able to go back. And then he saw
that Panteleimon was messed up. He used his money. He fixed the place up. And he made this great hymn to Mary. (I just found THAT a few weeks ago.) That’s another story entirely,
and another video. But nonetheless,
it keeps on proving that what Simonides said was true. And I think the whole point was
that Sinaiticus was created… Well, Benedict went
to Panteleimon monastery, and when he came back to Athos,
now he wanted to write his Bible up. Now he’s been in front of those —
Have you seen how these monks live, with the candles and all that stuff? They didn’t have electricity, and all that. I mean, this was, we’re in the 1800s–
and he’s in a monastery without electriciy,
the eyes –your eyes– get old. I mean, I’ve already had
cataract surgery, and I’m 56. I had it a decade ago. So think about what these guys
go through. I’ve seen some of those monks. Their eyes, they’re really aging. He couldn’t see the characters
clearly, to do all the fine work. But who had Benedict taught? Well, I found out. For 14 months, he taught Constantine. It turns out Constantine
was a child prodigy. I haven’t even shown that video yet. So now I’m telling more. He was a child prodigy. He was connected to
all the top Greek people– Greek scholars. He was taught as a child
all these things. And in the middle of all this,
his uncle, in the hope of
getting that printing press, asked Simonides
if he would please do the writing for him. And that’s how
Constantine Simonides created the Sinaiticus.

30 thoughts on “Is Codex Sinaiticus Authentic?

  1. I'm earmarking this for later when I can thoroughly absorb everything.  So excited!!!

    David, you're awesome in your analyses, brother.

  2. The sad thing is about half of the "Christians" in the "church" aren't authentic either. In so many words, Jesus said about half aren't at the time of the end. (Parables of: the 10 virgins, the mustard seed, the wheat and tares, the leaven)

  3. Thank you for your diligent work, David! Praise God for the light of truth. I’m looking forward to the future videos you hinted at!

  4. That chunk of a bible has got to be a KJB Thompson Chain Reference large print. Only bible I know of that's that big. %^))

  5. Wow! Stand firm brother, this wisdom is far more precious than rubies ! I hope this video is forwarded to all the churches to wake up! We represent chick from Oceanside CA! God bless

  6. excellent fruit
    when saints challenge other saints to look further, and to not dismiss findings (discoveries) that clarify true histories from unchecked false histories presumed true by consensus of those who didn't bother, or could not yet do so in their times.

  7. Wow!!! That's a Big Bible. I like it! The opposite of the small one you normally carry. The Big is really Big, the small is really small. Both KJV.

  8. I hope you will find time to do the same to Mesoretic Text and Septuagint as objectively as this you are a remarkable man and a forerunner in these times

  9. God Bless you for your work David Daniels. Have you considered reaching out to Dr. James White (NASB), or others like him, and reviewing your findings with him?
    I can't wait for the multi-set, full length DVD's this will eventually have to become.

  10. This is amazing. I want more!!! I love being blessed by your passion and diligence to find and share the truth. Who cares about all these opinions of "scholars", who frankly don't care to investigate these issues thoroughly. The truth matters, and you're being used to bring so much light to common believers like me. Keep proclaiming!

  11. Dear David, you are a indeed a blessed man who brings truth and the Word of the Lord to many. I love your channel and your devotion to Christ.

    It was Chris Pinto's A Lamp in the Dark: The Untold History of the Bible trilogy that got both me and my husband to thoroughly read the KJV bible and realise what a precious book we held in our hands and the truth contained within it.

    God bless you and your work, David, and thank you.

  12. A little off topic even though the Septuagint is part of Sinaiticus. I don't know if anyone else knew this or not. But I found a bit of proof from the Septuagint itself that it is post first century. If you have ever read Matthew 4:6, Satan appears to quote Psalms 91:11-12 But what he does is remove the phrase "to keep thee in all thy ways" from v11 and then adds the phrase "at any time" to v12. Now if you ever read the Septuagint in English or Greek (Psamls 91 is chapter 90) you will see Satan's addition "at any time" added to the chapter. Since there is no Hebrew text anywhere that contains "at any time" as part of v12, that can only mean that the writer had to have taken it from Satan's quote in the New Testament.

  13. Thank you for your continuing research. I look forward to seeing every milepost along your way. May God continue to guide your steps in this journey of discovery of the truth.

  14. Wow, I've heard a few people say Jesus wasn't the Son until his baptism, but I had no idea where they were getting it from. I always thought they were just kooky. Now I see how they're getting it. Thank you brother David. Great insight into the occult and cults.

  15. The Catholic Church was founded in 33 AD. The Protestant Church was founded in 1517. Let that sink in. Jesus Christ created the Catholic Church. Man created the Protestant Church. You have no history.

  16. This is a mighty video brother David. Please continue to teach and show TRUTH.  God is truly using His servant to allow LIGHT to come to a very darkened world.

  17. Brother David , you are pulling down the strongholds , mighty thru God…….KEEP ON PULLING THEM DOWN.  MAKE THE WESCOTT and HORT CROWD burn their strange fire bibles and force them to get the Word of God, KJV 1611 PCE. AMEN>

  18. Hello Brother David, there seems to be a new wave of questioning the Book of Genesis as to how many authors it had and how many creation accounts it had. Can you cover this for us?

  19. David I'm addicted 2 your videos and the message behind them. The Vatican has the Greek/Aramaic vellums but we won't see it!

  20. The Whore won't let us see them. I will keep my KJV! These modern trans are usually twisting or omitting God's word 4 today's world.

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