Link between Saraswati River,Rakhigarhi,Vedic Civilization & Mahabharata|Saraswati river map History

Link between Saraswati River,Rakhigarhi,Vedic Civilization & Mahabharata|Saraswati river map History


Hello Friends My Name is Himanshu Through this Channel I would talk about my travel done till now or would do in the future share content like photos, videos historical context & economy related context of these places Today I would like to talk to you about Rakhigarhi Rakhigarhi is the name of a village in Haryana This place is famous because here the ruins of Vedic times have been discovered Excavation work is still on Infact has been on since many years & once the excavation work is complete then it’s expected that of the Vedic civilization this would be the biggest excavated city Infact it would be bigger than Mohenjodaro & Harappa as well To Reach Rakhigarhi if we start from Delhi we would take National Highway 9 (NH-9) & through this we would reach in Haryana a place called Hansi This place would be our base location Why Hansi? because its a city of decent size & there are good options to stay like Sheikhpura Kothi which is a Heritage Hotel of Welcomgroup Best Western Hotel which is an International Chain of Hotels all this is present in Hansi From Delhi to Hansi it takes about 2.5 hours Roads are pretty good & from Hansi to Rakhigarhi via some village roads takes about 45 min which would eventually take us to Rakhigarhi Best time to Visit Rakhigarhi is between late November & late January This is because this place is in the middle of a village people still live here making this place highly vulnerable so whenever the excavation work is not on here this place is closed/covered The excavated areas are sealed So if you go here off-season anyways we would talk about the few things you would still find but apart from that you wouldn’t find anything worthwhile So its important that you go in season Infact I would even say that before going you can check out with the Hotels in Hansi that is the excavation work on or not they have the idea & would tell you, if its on then you go anyways if the excavation is not on you would still find a few things of interest that you can see there When I went there I stayed at Sheikhpura Kothi I would tell you a little about this hotel This is essentially a heritage property a big Havelli type with lots of green cover around Nice place, welcomgroup hotel Good rooms, recreational facilities like Snooker, Table Tennis, Badminton etc. is also here Food is very good The open area around this place is used for farming so fresh vegetables is cooked in the kitchen serving you amazing food I would say and a very good place to stay Rakhigarhi is a Vedic Civilization city Some people also call it Saraswati-Indus civilization This city.. A river called Drishadvati river used to flow from here Now it has dried up along which this city was built If we see the Rig Veda, then Rig Veda talks about seven big rivers Drishadvati river is one amongst those seven Saraswati river was the biggest amongst them which again has dried up We’ll come on it later Point is that the Rig Veda talks about these seven rivers These seven rivers combined defines an area which maybe during Rig-Vedic times or during Vedic civilization times was the area of influence of this civilization which in Rig-Veda is called Sapta Sindhu Sapta meaning seven, Sindhu area name So Sapta Sindhu is what is called in Rig Veda So at time the translation of Sapta Sindhu in Persian language Phonetaically S was replaced by H over there So this Sapta Sindhu became Hapta Hindu & from here the word emerged Hindu which the people of Persia and then people outside of Persia also used to refer to the people living in this area all these people were referred/called as Hindu which now are called as Indians so this is the origin of the word Hindu If we go Rakhigarhi in the season what would we see, we would see over there clear demarcation of the houses what kind of houses were there in those times the streets of the cities How was the city overall We will see the clear river bed of the drishadvati river so its clear river bed & how the houses are lined up at some distance How the houses used to have access to the water, that idea we would get We will find pottery toys of that time utenscils jewelry is what you would find which would give an idea of the way of life of people of that era How they used to live and hence give us a point of reference of our past which is a good learning experience & adventurous too I would say however its regrettable that even after so many years since excavation started, the place has not been developed If this place is developed nicely it can become a big tourist center So this is Rakhigarhi, so if you go from Delhi stay at Hansi, you would reach Hansi in 2.5 hours then you leave for Rakhigarhi which is 45 min drive from Hansi so by evening after seeing Rakhigarhi you can come back Next day what would you do I referred earlier about Saraswati river This was of the Vedic period the largest & the most important river It has been referred in the Rig Veda several times & the thing that has been praised the most (in Rig Veda) was the Saraswati river This tells us about the importance of this river So next day From Hansi we can go to Sirsa Sirsa is a city in North-West of Haryana About 2 hrs drive from Hansi It’s on National Highway 9, roads are excellent So no problems (reaching) There you would find the river bed of this river even today It’s still present over there So that you can observe (see) over there Now I would talk a little about this Saraswati river Saraswati river as I said before was the most river of the Vedic period This river even though it has dried up now But its presumed that this river used to originate from the Bandarpunch also referred to as the Saraswati mountain range in the state of Uttarakhand now Infact even today it’s now known as Tons river which is a stream that still originates from there There Swargarohini is one of the tallest mountain in that area So Bandarpunch range, Swargarohini one of the tallest mountain It’s height is about 6200 metres above sea level From here Tons river stream originates This river streams meets Rupin river stream which originates from Rupin glacier Tons stream originates from Swargarohini, Rupin stream from Rupin glacier & there is a Supin glacier from where Supin river stream originates all this is around Bandarpunch which is essentially in Uttarahand With a little spillover in Himachal Pradesh and combined finally Tons river is formed This river was essentially the starting point of Saraswati river Infact during Mahabharata times When Pandavas left their Kingdoms & they moved out in the Vanaprastha stage went to the jungles & Himalayas in the last step of their lives the last stages as referred in the Mahabharata They tried to climb the Swargarohini glacier & they fell one by one doing that so from this we get an idea that Saraswati river was Holy, sacred for people of that time like Ganga river is now So people who go on Tirth (holy visit) to Gangotri & further 20 km from there is Gaumukh from where Ganga river originates They go for that Essentially people & Pandavas went to Swargarohini glacier From where Saraswati river originates to do darshan (pay respects) meditate & all This was the final act of Mahabharata This river started drying up from 3000 BC onwards Why because here…. now about there are doubts and now specific calrity but the contemplating/conjecture is that basically of the glacier plate movements due earthquake or other reasons so due to plate movements the rivers changed their courses Satluj river was at one point the biggest tributary of Saraswati river Its believed that first it changed its course & Satluj river instead of meeting Saraswati river started flowing into Indus river due to which water flow of Saraswati river reduced After that the Saraswati river or Tons river which its now called that itself changed its course & it instead of it being an independent stream started flowing into Yamuna river Infact the tons river today while flows carving out the Har ki Dun valley & about 50 km from Dehradun this river meets Yamuna river in teh Doon valley in today’s time & so in the states of Haryana Rajasthan and Gujarat is left with just its river bed When you go to Sirsa then in that river bed a monsoon seasonal river that becomes active during monsoon So let’s understand this river flow better through this Google Earth map This is Swargarohini mountain From here flows the initial Tons (then Saraswati) stream originates even today in the form of Tons river stream This flow then carves out the Har ki Dun valley & in this Har ki Dun valley first meets the Supin river from Supin range as it moves forward comes (& meets) the Rupin river from the Rupin range & Tons river almost comes in its current form After meeting of these two major tributaries If we observe then just below Swargarohini is the Yamunotri range From where Yamuna river originates These two rivers flow almost parallely for some distance as we can see on this map flowing parallely these two rivers finally meet near Kalsi city which lies in Uttarakhand This Kalsi city essentially falls in the Doon valley Dehradun is not too far from here Dehradun is about 50 km from here & here is where these 2 rivers meet due to the merger of these two rivers Yamuna river almost comes in its current form and becomes a massive river that we can see in this river bed on this map Infact as a matter of fact the volume of water that is in the Tons river is far greater than the volume of water that is in the Yamuna river Also Tons river is the biggest tributary of the Yamuna river So in earlier times this Tons river used instead of flowing from here used to flow from somewhere else Infact used to flow almost parallely to the Yamuna river but due to some earth crust movement it changed its course & it started flowing into the Yamuna river Now Ghaggar river flows from here This Ghaggar river is a seasonal river, becomes active during monsoon otherwise this river bed is generally unfortunately filled with filth but you still get an idea of the massiveness of the river bed (river) The massive size of the river because we shouldn’t forget this that along these river banks our learned people composed the Vedas which was the source of knowledge & wisdom for generations to come & so even though the river dried up but its remnant has always lived with us Saraswati river dried but since this was the source of knowledge source of vedas on the name of this river we have still named our Goddess of learning which is Saraswati Today when we see the topography of India its hard to imagine that in places like Rajasthan & Gujarat where there is massive scarcity of water how come so many cities of Saraswati-Indus civilisation have been excavated & the answer is very clear that because the Saraswati river used to flow from here So the topography used to be very different during those times and that’s why this civilization flourished at these places when this river started drying up so its obvious people started migrating from here Some to the west, some to the east, some to the north and some to the south so its obvious that one such a big population starts migrating then socio-economic tensions would happen conflicts would increase due to this migration and interesting thing is this that during this period the war of the Mahabharata was also fought Now there is no solid evidence & hence its just a conjecture so its entirely possible that due to this migration a socio-economic tension we can call it a kindle a kindle of wood a kindle of wood and Mahabharata was that final incendiary or spark that burned this kindle of wood (civilization) so in the war of Mahabharata so many kings participated from East, West, South, North from everywhere in India if we look at India from the civilizational context of that time so many kings participated because such an atmosphere already existed of tension because of all this happenings in the country so this final act of Mahabharata it acted as a spark for such a big battle to take place Finally I come on the triveni sangam it is said that at triveni obviously its a myth, Ganga, Yamuna & Saraswati meet. Obviously there is no Saraswati river over there it has dried up & anyways it never used to flow from there, it used to flow from Haryana, Rajasthan & Gujarat finally flowing into the Arabian Sea so this myth but behind every myth there is some story some belief or fact which causes the myth so i believe that since the river (Saraswati) was so important even though the people moved to various places they carried the memory of river with them so we call the goddess of learning as Saraswati and even here the Tons river which was the initial stream of Saraswati river beginning of the stream of Saraswati river now meets the Yamuna river in the Doon valley so in way it can be said that the Saraswati river started flowing into Yamuna river in the Doon valley & finally Yamuna river flows into Ganga river at this Triveni point & so it is called the Triveni point as three rivers are finally flowing in, Ganga Yamuna & Saraswati, Saraswati which in the form of Tons river already met Yamuna in the Doon valley and from on it was called the Triveni point and so this mythology that developed is because of this considering the importance of the river and the fact that the starting point of the river or the initial stream of the river which is now called Tons river meets Yamuna river in the Doon valley

4 thoughts on “Link between Saraswati River,Rakhigarhi,Vedic Civilization & Mahabharata|Saraswati river map History

  1. What a truthbased and factual video about true history and civilization… Carry on Sir., Jai Native Arya people of Bharat, Jai Saraswati and Indus Valley Civilization 🙏🙏🙏🙏

  2. Ambidham nadhidhame

    Ambidhame nadhi dhame devidhame saraswathi spray hasta iva ansari 6asaswathim anna naskrithim

    Ii

    evi dhane saraswathi spray hasta iva sasi yasaswath8m anna naskrithim

  3. Thanks, knew about Saraswati river but didn't know about the Drishadvati river. You think this trip can be done in one day without night stay?

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