PBS Hawaii – HIKI NŌ Episode 424 | Focus on Hawaiian Culture | Full Program


HIKI NŌ 424
Focus on Hawaiian Culture Aloha mai kakou., I’m Nohea Miller, a proud
graduate of Halau Ku Mana Public Charter School. And I’m Olu Schaller, a senior at Halau Ku
Mana, which is one of the more than 80 schools participating in HIKI NŌ. Many of the courses and extracurricular activities
at Halau Ku Mana are rooted in Hawaiian traditions, so it’s no surprise that
most of the stories we’ve created for HIKI NŌ have been about different aspects of Hawaiian
culture. But we’re not the only HIKI NŌ school to
do so. The program has seen an abundance of stories on Hawaiian culture. In this special edition of The Nation’s First
Statewide Student News Network, we’d like to share just a few such stories from past
shows, with HIKI NŌ: FOCUS ON HAWAIIAN CULTURE. Fishing can play a very important role in
the life of a Hawaiian community. Here’s a story from Hana K through 12 School on how
the tradition of akule fishing creates a tight bond for their East Maui community. In the heart of Hana lies Kapoukahi, where
the tradition of akule fishing is still practiced. Uncle Blondy Kaina, a Hana fisherman, explains
the process of how akule is gathered, and its importance to our community. Amen. [CLAPPING] The whole purpose is, the fish is for the
community, actually. It’s a community use, everybody in the community have fish. The
first thing we do is, make sure that the net is
loaded up in the boat. That’s top priority. Then, the kilo man’s job is to come and look
where the fish are. And if the fish is in the bay, or a spot where we can go and get
it, then my job is to go get the paddlers. We get out there, working with the kilo, which
is Uncle Blondy, and he’s on the shoreline, and we’re in the water. And we
have communication with a radio. And if it’s at all possible, we’re all watching the fish.
And then he’ll let us know when the time to go and drop the net, and we’ll start from
there and go around the pile. And then, we have the bus boat. Their job
is to go around, and around in the net, so that
the fish will be scared and go to the net. And then, we can bring it up. So what they
do when they’re done, they’ll stay over there,
and then they’ll help Randy and whoever paddles with him. And they’re there to help
pick up the net, take the boat up to…house, where everybody comes by, the whole community,
whatever people come from the community and take out the fish, put ’em in
the cooler, ice ’em down. And then, we mahele the fish. Mahele means to divide and to share. The akule
caught is shared with the community. This tradition is a multigenerational tool
that teaches respect, hard work, patience, discipline, and ultimately, kuleana. Kuleana
to our ocean, to our running streams, to our ohana, and to our ancestral lands. However,
because of the depletion of ocean life and overfishing in the waters off of Hana, the
akule tradition is endangered. Oh, we changed a lot. From twenty years ago,
and beyond that, it was easy to get akule. Now, it’s rare. It’s getting less, getting
less, and getting less. This Teua Tehiva from Hana K-12 School, signing
off for HIKI NŌ. And now a story from my school, Halau Ku Mana
in the Makiki district of Oahu, about the making of a Hawaiian delicacy. To make paiai, you need your papa kui ai,
the board; kuala, your steamed and cleaned kalo; pohaku kui ai, the poi pounder; kahi
or plastic scraper; two ti leaves with the spines
removed; and your bowl with clean water. After wetting the board and the pohaku kui
ai, you’re ready to begin. Paakiki is the first step of making pai ai. Use the pohaku kui ai to mash the larger pieces
of kuala into smaller pieces. Pai ai is the stage just before adding water
to make poi. Even though it’s more common to eat poi, making and eating pai ai is becoming
more popular. Anae is another way of using the pohaku kui
ai. Rub the pohaku kui ai back and forth on the
papa kui ai to take out the puupuu, or lumps, within the kalo. According to ancient moolelo, Haloanakalaukapalili
was the stillborn child of Wakea and Hoohokukalani. Haloa was buried, and from that spot grew
the first Hawaiian kalo plant. Wakea and Hoohokukalani’s next child was also named
Haloa, and he was the first Native Hawaiian. After removing all the lumps from your pai
ai, place the pai ai in the middle of the ti
leaves, gather your ends of the ti leaves and use the stem ends to wrap the ai holo,
or ready to travel food. Pai ai is hypoallergenic, easily digested,
gluten-free, and low in fat. Reporting from Halau Ku Mana Charter School,
this is Poliahu Lindsey and Nohea Miler for HIKI NŌ. The legacy of Hawaii’s alii plays such an
important role in the missions of schools founded by them. Here’s a story from St. Andrew’s
Priory in downtown Honolulu about their annual celebration of that legacy. Queen Emma founded St. Andrew’s Priory, an
all-girls school, in 1867. Her vision was to provide Hawaii’s young women with a quality
education. Every January, Priory students celebrate her birthday at Mauna Ala,
the site of Queen Emma’s burial, which is located in Nuuanu. On this special day, the
senior class has the great privilege of leading Priory’s traditions by participating in ceremonial
blessings at the Royal Mausoleum. Mauna Ala was a wonderful, wonderful experience.
It really touched me. I got a lot more emotional than I thought, especially
at the sermon that Dr. Chun gave. He’s the former headmaster of Kamehameha Schools, and
he really just captured the vision of Queen Emma. And it was really inspiring for me, and motivated
me to, yeah, like live out what Queen Emma saw for girls in Hawaii. I realized that was part of this bigger culture,
this Hawaiian history that we have. And even though I’m not Hawaiian, I still got
emotional because I realized that we all are part
of Queen Emma’s vision. At Queen Emma’s tomb, each person presents
a rose, the Queen’s favorite flower, and places it on the steps of the tombstone. Hawaii Aloha is then sung, as everyone joins
hands, forming a circle around the tomb. So, after we went to Mauna Ala, it was a very
reflective and personal experience. Like, after we had placed the pink roses on Queen
Emma’s grave, it felt like you could like feel
her presence around us, and it made me really understand like the rich culture and history
of Hawaii, and it made me feel proud to go to a school that she founded. The yearly celebration of her birthday is
the perfect opportunity for the students of St.
Andrew’s Priory to thank Queen Emma for her hard work, and for all that she did for the
young women of Hawaii. This is Melissa Lee at St. Andrew’s Priory,
reporting for HIKI NŌ. The ancient Hawaiian art of hale (or house)
building is brought to life in this story from
the students at Ke Kula Niihau O Kekaha on Kauai. [HAWAIIAN LANGUAGE] … that’s all we want to take out, is all
the bark…. [HAWAIIAN LANGUAGE] When we were talking about developing the
hale project and using a lot of volunteers, the
laulima concept of many hands to help build, the first thought for me was to try reach
out to our community, and in particular, students
of the Hawaiian language, so the charter schools were the logical place to go. And
in any language, unless you utilize the language in a particular field a lot, you tend to lose
the vocabulary. And since no traditional style hale have been built in a very long time,
I thought it’d be a really good way to sort of
resurrect the vocabulary. [HAWAIIAN LANGUAGE] So now, if you want to build a hale, you gotta
have a reason and
a purpose. Then, you gotta go out and you gotta look for your resources.
Then, you … your paipai, then you gotta kanu your post. You have to have all
your posts already cut, all the notches. Put them all together inside, then you gotta put
the olokea inside. And then, you gotta work from the olokea, and then you put your thatching
on. [HAWAIIAN LANGUAGE] He expects us to retain his knowledge, take
forth his knowledge, and it’s my completion to do that. I love hale building; it’s been
a passion of mine since I was a child, and no
matter what, I always come back to it. It’s a root for me, it’s a place of center, and
I could never stop this, no matter what. It’s
part of my culture, it’s my history, and the more I perpetuate it, the more I know my children
will perpetuate it and it will never die, as long as we keep it going. [HAWAIIAN LANGUAGE] The importance of having a place to learn
about one’s culture cannot be overestimated. Surprisingly, such a place has only been constructed
recently on the campus of Kamehameha Schools Kapalama. Here’s their
story on their Hawaiian Cultural Center. [BANGING/INDISTINCT CONVERSATION] Students at Kamehameha’s Kapalama campus have
been digging into their native culture by way of a new facility dedicated to all
things Hawaiian. The Kaiwakiloumoku Cultural Center helps guide students back to their
roots. This building in itself, it carries this aura
and this feeling when you come in that you feel
comfortable, and you feel welcomed, and that’s what being Hawaiian is about. These
values that we learn in class, like hookipa, it’s just a being and a way of life, I think. The Center is intended to be a place where
people can gather, people of all ages, where we can learn from one another. We’re excited
about our classes. We want our students to not only learn from the kumu, but also
from our makua and kupuna. From whipping up culinary creations … To learning traditional artisan techniques
… The Center opens a new chapter to students
not found in textbooks. That is free choice. You can do that on your
own. This class is about getting back to our roots.
It’s more of learning about what our kupuna did in their daily lives, and it’s a class
that is trying to teach us how we can apply those
skills and those things that our ancestors used in the 21st century today. But creating the Center was no easy task.
After twenty years of negotiating different philosophies, personalities, and approaches
to fulfill the vision of our school’s founder Bernice Pauahi Bishop, the Center finally
came to fruition this past September, and earned a spot on Honolulu’s hillside campus. So, yes, it did come with a lot of challenges.
As much as people perceive us to be a Hawaiian school, back then, the focus really
wasn’t on Hawaiian language or cultural studies. Pretty much, it was ingrained in
our minds that we prepare for college, and that
we prepare in a certain way. Kuleana; why is this your kuleana? The Cultural Center hopes to extend its reach
beyond the campus to those seeking to perpetuate nohona Hawaii, the Hawaiian way
of living and learning. I think that we’re definitely moving in the
right direction, especially with this new Cultural Center and offering courses like
this. And I think it’s really up to how each student interprets their experiences here.
Like, some get more of a Hawaiian experience, while others don’t. And it’s through these kinds of hands-on experiences
that the Hawaiian culture can thrive for future generations to come. Reporting
from Kamehameha Schools Kapalama campus, I’m Tiana Halbuna for HIKI NŌ. Sometimes important family traditions are
taken over by the younger generation when they least expect it. Such was the case in
this story from Punahou about that school’s legacy of the Holoku Ball. The Eldredge family has been running Punahou’s
May Day program and Holoku Pageant for over forty-seven years. My mother contributed to the Holoku Pageant.
Her passion was so great, and she really created a program that was very special to
her heart. When Hattie became the director of the Holoku
Pageant at Punahou, she honored the traditions and the culture of holoku, and
all the May Days at Punahou that had come before. But being Hattie, she put her own
creative stamp upon it. Each one of the girls, instead of representing an island and being
in a satin holoku, was dressed to represent one
of the women alii of the past. And so, she began to teach also, as well as entertain,
with the Holoku Pageants. But after their mother’s unexpected passing,
sisters Leilehua and Laulia decided to carry on the family tradition of creating these
grand productions. We knew that was always a desire of my mother’s
for hopefully us to continue the programs. It’s been in our family for many
years. Laulia has always been a part of the Holoku Pageant. She’s been a part of the kahiko
portion for many, many years. I’ve been a part here and there, directing certain
numbers. It was really a natural progression, so my
nieces Leilehua and Laulia, Hattie’s daughters, took over. And they’re the directors now,
and this is their second year. And, you know, they’re really the only people who knew more
than anyone else how the pageant was run. My relationship with my sister has been enhanced
tremendously since, you know, we’ve become the co-directors of the program. My
sister and I are very different people. You know, we both have our strengths and our weaknesses.
My sister is very much, you now, an organizational type. For me, my strength
is more of the creativity component, you know, bringing the theme, the storyline together.
So together, we complement each other quite well. Through many months of hard work and dedication,
the two sisters organized and directed the 2011 Holoku Pageant, which took
place only nine months after their mother’s passing. Since, you know, our mom’s passing and having
to work together and live together, it just has made us grow so much and, you know, we
love each other even more than we ever have before. And I think that’s something
that’s so special, and so great about it. As preparations for the 2012 Holoku Pageant
are under way, Leilehua and Laulia are looking forward to sharing their passion for
the Hawaiian culture with the Punahou and local community. This is Alayna Kobayashi
reporting for HIKI NŌ on PBS Hawaii. Now a story from my alma mater, Halau Ku Mana,
about an ancient Hawaiian tradition that has become a highly anticipated annual
event for students and faculty alike. [CHANTING] From day one being our cleaning day, when
we malama aina, we get to clean our whole campus, we clean the stream, and we prepare
our campus to host an event and to host a ceremony. The following day, members of the community
who practice Hawaiian culture and values such as Keoni Nunes, Paula Fuga, and Uncle
Wes Sen, came to our school to share their insight, manao, and different ways of learning
that are important to us as Hawaiian people. People come in sharing different insight,
different manao, and different ways of learning that are important to us as people. –making [INDISTINCT] with, I want you to
sit on each side. We start off day three with a ceremony. We
give hookupu to Lono, play Makahiki games. We end the day and our Makahiki celebration
with a big paina. [CHANTING] We play Makahiki games like moa pahee which
is wooden dart sliding, ulumaika, stone bowling, alo ia which is a Hawaiian version
of dodge ball, oo ihe spear throwing, and kukini loa which is a long foot race. [INDISTINCT CONVERSATION] For me, Makahiki is a season in which we can
share the things that we’ve learned over a period of time. It’s a time to hoike again,
to share our knowledge, to demonstrate the skills that we’ve attained. And this is really
important, because this is a way that we can not only celebrate and acknowledge the contemporary
skills that we’re learning today in the 21st Century, but also an opportunity
for us to acknowledge and celebrate all of the
knowledge that we’re learning, wisdom that we’re gaining from our ancestors, and
bringing it into the future. [CHANTING] Makahiki is important to me because it’s a
time where we can grow our food, it’s a time when we can think back on the past of the
time of what we call war or the time of Ku, a
time to hooulu within yourself and grow within yourself, and become a better person and
to step back from all of the things that you’ve been through and become a better person. [CHANTING] Makahiki at Halau Ku Mana is a time for students
and staff to reflect, learn, and have fun. [CHEERING] Reporting from Maunalaha Valley on the Island
of Oahu, this is Anela Hudson for HIKI NŌ. We hope you’ve enjoyed watching this special
edition of HIKI NŌ as much as we’ve enjoyed presenting it to you. The stories you’ve seen represent just a small
sampling of features on the rich culture, history, and traditions of the Hawaiian people. And it’s just the beginning. As HIKI NŌ moves
forward, more and more stories of Hawaiiana will be created and shared with
the world. It’s just another way that Hawaii’s students
show that they HIKI NŌ… …Can do! Be sure to tune in next week for another edition
of the Nation’s First Statewide Student News Network. You know, as oral historians we come with
our set of questions for our interviewees. We
come with a certain perspective. When I watch HIKI NŌ I notice that the students
sometimes ask questions that we would not think of. And I think that’s important, that
a new generation asks their own questions to
get new answers and to share with us a new view on things.

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