Phi Beta Kappa/Society of the Cincinnati Convocation with Frederick Lawrence


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YES? AWESOME. WELCOME TO OUR PHI BETA KAPPA SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI CONVOCATION. MY NAME IS EMILY COOK. AS PRESIDENT OF THE YEMA CHAPTER OF PHI BETA KAPPA, I AM VERY HAPPY TO WELCOME YOU TO THE PHI BETA KAPPA OF THE CINCINNATI CONVOCATION. I’M ESPECIALLY HAPPY TO WELCOME THE FAMILY AND FRIENDS OF THE INITIATIVE OF THIS 100th EIGHTH YEAR AT WASHINGTON AND LEE UNIVERSITY. I WANT TO ACKNOWLEDGE PHI BETA KAPPA AND OUR OTHER COLLEAGUES WHO HAVE MADE TODAY’S CELEBRATION POSSIBLE. IMMEDIATE, PAST, RESIDENT JANET IKEDA RIGHT THERE TAKING PICTURES, SECRETARY-TREASURER ELLIOT KING. >>[ APPLAUSE ] >>EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE MEMBERS REBECCA BENEFIEL, AND PAUL GREGORY. JESSICA WAGER OF THE PROVOST OFFICE AND DEBBIE ALDEN OF THE REGISTRAR’S OFFICE. THANK YOU. >>[ APPLAUSE ]>>THIS OCCASION BRINGS US TOGETHER TO HONOR THOSE WHO HAVE EXCELLED IN THEIR PURSUIT OF KNOWLEDGE AS EVIDENCED BY THEIR EXCEPTIONAL ACADEMIC RECORDS. SINCE ITS INCEPTION AT THE COLLEGE OF WILLIAM AND MARY IN 1776, THE PHI BETA KAPPA SOCIETY HAS INDUCTED ITS MEMBERS AS THOSE INDIVIDUALS WHOSE CHARACTER AND SCHOLARLY ATTAINMENTS EXEMPLIFIED ITS PRINCIPLES AND IDEAS. SINCE CHAPTERS OF PHI BETA KAPPA EXIST ONLY AT THE VERY BEST COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES, ELECTION TO MEMBERSHIP IN THE SOCIETY IS A HONOR RIGHTLY TO BE CHERISHED AND CELEBRATED. THOSE INDUCTED INTO PHI BETA KAPPA TODAY HAVE REALIZED IMPRESSIVE ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENTS ACROSS A BROAD SPECTRUM OF THE LIBERAL ARTS. AS OUTSTANDING SCHOLARS OF GOOD MORAL CHARACTER, THEY DESERVE TO BE ELECTED TO THE SOCIETY. IN A MOMENT, WE SHALL RECOGNIZE THEM, AFTER WHICH WE WILL HEAR FROM OUR DISTINGUISHED GUEST SPEAKER, WHO IS ABLE TO JOIN US TODAY THROUGH THE GENEROSITY AND SUPPORT OF THE SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI AND THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE. WE ACKNOWLEDGE THAT PHI BETA KAPPA’S LONG-STANDING RELATIONSHIP WITH THE SOCIETY OF CINCINNATI AND THE COMMON BOND THESE TWO SHARE, DEVOTION TO OUR COUNTRY, AND TO WASHINGTON AND LEE. IN 1783, IN RESPONSE TO A NEAR REVOLT BY DISGRUNTLED VETERANS OF THE CONTINENTAL ARMY, GENERAL GEORGE WASHINGTON’S CHIEF OF ARTILLERY PROPOSED A FRATERNAL AND PHILANTHROPIC ORGANIZATION TO PRESERVE THOSE EXALTED RIGHTS AND LIBERTIES OF HUMAN NATURE FOR WHICH THE REVOLUTION HAD BEEN FOUGHT. WASHINGTON AGREED TO SERVE AS ITS FIRST PRESIDENT AND GENERAL OF THE NEW SOCIETY OF CINCINNATI, WHICH TOOK ITS NAME FROM THE ROMAN HERO LUCIUS CINCINNATIS, APPOINTED TO FIGHT ARMIES WHO HAD SURROUNDED THE ROMAN ARMIES. WAS THERE A PROBLEM? IS IT BETTER? OKAY. THANK YOU. >>[ APPLAUSE ] EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE MEMBER REBECCA BENEFIELD. THANK YOU. >>[ APPLAUSE ] >>DO YOU STILL WANT TO KNOW A LITTLE MORE ABOUT CINCINNATIS? COOL. ACCORDING TO LEGEND, HE WAS APPOINTED DICTATOR TO DEFEND THEM AGAINST ENEMIES WHO HAD SURROUNDED THE ROMAN ARMY. HE SAVED ROME IN 16 DAYS, RELINQUISHED POWER, AND THEN RETURNED HOME TO HIS FARM. AMONG THE EARLY MEMBERS OF THE SOCIETY WERE SIX MEN WHO HAD ATTENDED OUR PREDECESSOR, LIBERTY HALL ACADEMY, OR ONE OF ITS EARLIER INCARNATIONS, AND SEVERAL VIGOROUS ADVOCATES OF THE YOUNG SCHOOL INCLUDING GENERAL WASHINGTON HIMSELF AND CALVARY OFFICER DURING THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR, LIGHT HORSE LEE, THE FATHER OF ROBERT E. LEE. MAJOR ALEXANDER STEWART WAS ANOTHER MAJOR ADVOCATE OF THE SCHOOL, WHO DONATED 40 ACRES TO THE SCHOOL IN 1776 AND FOUGHT BRIEFLY DURING THE REVOLUTION, AND WAS CAPTURED IN NORTH CAROLINA. AT THE SAME BATTLE WAS HIS SON ARCHIBALD STEWART, AN ALUMNUS OF OUR OTHER PREDECESSORS, AUGUSTA ACADEMY, WHO BECAME THE PRESIDENT OF THE PHI BETA KAPPA CHAPTER AT WILLIAM AND MARY, AND WHO CARRIED THE SOCIETY INTO BATTLE WITH HIM. IN 1802, THE SOCIETY OF CINCINNATI CEDED ITS TREASURY OF APPROXIMATELY $25,000 TO WASHINGTON COLLEGE. THE GIFT FROM THE SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI CONTINUED TO SUPPORT BOTH THIS CONVOCATION AND AN AMERICAN DOWD SHARE IN THE MATHEMATICS DEPARTMENT. WITH THE SOCIETY’S GIFT CAME SOME STUFF STIPULATIONS LIKE THE UNIVERSITY CONTINUES TO HONOR. ONE WAS THAT THE COLLEGE INSTITUTE STUDIES IN FORTIFICATIONS OF GUNNERY. SURE ENOUGH, AS THOSE OF YOU WHO HAVE ATTENDED THIS CONVOCATION MAY REMEMBER, SUCH A COURSE IS STILL OFFERED BY THE MATHEMATICS DEPARTMENT. THE COURSE IS CALLED MILITARY ENGINEERING. IT CARRIES NO CREDIT, AND HAS NO COURSE NUMBER. BUT A RECENT COURSE CATALOG INDICATES FOR QUALIFIED STUDENTS, WHO MAY REQUEST IT, A COURSE IN FORTIFICATIONS, GUNNERY AND BALLISTICS WILL BE OFFERED. IT IS FITTING THAT THE SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI GENERAL TO THE UNIVERSITY AND ITS SUPPORT PAST AND PRESENT, FOR ITS LIBERAL ARTS MISSION ARE LINKED WITH TODAY’S CELEBRATION OF OUR OUTSTANDING S.T.E.M.’S BOWLERS SCHOLARS. WE AT PHI BETA KAPPA CONTINUE TO BE GRATEFUL TO THE CINCINNATI. I CALL UPON OUR CHAPTER SECRETARY-TREASURER, PROFESSOR ELLIOT KING, TO ANNOUNCE THE NAMES RECENTLY ELECTED TO MEMBERSHIP IN, OUR SOCIETY AND HE WILL BRING TO ATTENTION NOTEWORTHY SCHOLARLY ATTAINMENTS OF OTHER STUDENTS. PROFESSOR KING? >>[ APPLAUSE ] >>LAST YEAR, THE GAMMA CHAPTER OF PHI BETA KAPPA ELECTED 22 MEMBERS OF THE CLASS OF 2019. I WILL READ THOSE NAMES NOW. HAMMAD AHMAD RYDER TOBIN BABIK NATHAN LEAR BREWER HUNG VIET CHU NATALIE STEFANIE DABROWSKI ALEX FARLEY JOSHUA FOX ROSSELLA IVANA GABRIELE MARGARET GRACE KALLUS MORGAN MALONEY JULIA MAYOL MARY HAMPTON BROWN McNEAL KATHERINE OAKLEY KATHRYN KALADY OSOWSKI HENRY CARR PATRICK III JUSTIN J. PEDERSEN LAUREN ELIZABETH PUPA JACKSON ARTHUR ROBERTS LISA AMY ROTH BRITTANY LYNN SMITH MOHINI TANGRI AIDAN PATRICK VALENTE AS I READ THE INITIATES OF THIS YEAR, PLEASE COME UP ON THE STAGE AND MAKE SURE ALL OUR RECOGNIZED. PLEASE, HOLD YOUR APPLAUSE UNTIL ALL INITIATES ARE ON STAGE. FROM THE CLASS OF 2019, ERIN AN JOCELYN GRAYCE ANKER JOHN XAVIER BRODERICK JOSEPH CARMODY KATHERINE DAU SUSAN LINDSEY FIELDS GEORGE LINCOLN FRANK ETHIOPIA DEMMELASH GETACHEW JOHN HERSCHEL GIPSON, III MAXWELL GOLD JEONGJU HA ETHAN MAYER HARTMAN LORENA HERNANDEZ BARCENA TERESSA RAE HILL FAITH ABIGAYLE ISBELL KATHRYN SINCLAIR McEVOY CORDELIA RICHARDS ROBINSON PETERS ELEANOR EVANGELINE ROSE CHRISTOPHER SCOTT SIMMONS, JR. MARTHA DAVIS STRASKE CHRISTOPHER TOBIN SUTTON PAIGE TRAVIS HEETH VARNEDOE, V PENGRUI WANG LET’S CONGRATULATE THE INITIATES OF 2019. >>[ APPLAUSE ] >>YOU CAN TAKE YOUR SEAT. THANK YOU. NOW, MEMBERS OF THE CLASS OF 2020. THEIR INDIVIDUAL GRADE POINT AVERAGES FROM THE TOP 5% OF THE JUNIOR CLASS. HARRIS McLEAN BILLINGS LAURA ELAINE BRUCE BALEN ESSAK GENNAEVE FEIRSON KATHERINE INGRAM CHANTAL IOSSO TIFFANY BOKYOUNG KO STEVAN ANDREW KRISS MAXWELL ANDREW LEHMAN TAYLOR GRIFFIN LINK KARA G. LOUGH CHASE WALTON MAJOR NICHOLAS BENNETT MAUER ABIGAIL KATHLEEN NASON TRANG HA NGUYEN PRAKRITI PANTHI SAMUEL HALSTEAD PUMPHREY PEYTON JEAN SMITH KANA K. WHITE HANNAH MARGARET WITHERELL MATTHEW O’NEAL WITHERS JIAHAO ZHANG LET’S CONGRATULATE THESE NEW INITIATIVES INITIATES OF THE CLASS OF 2020. THANK YOU. WE ALSO WELCOME THOMAS E. CAMDEN AS AN ALUMNI MEMBER. PRESIDENT EMILY COOK WILL READ WHY HE RECEIVED THIS HONOR TODAY. MISS COOK.>>ALTHOUGH THOSE IN ATTENDANCE ARE LIKELY FAMILIAR WITH TOM AND HIS MANY ACCOMPLISHMENTS, HERE IS A BRIEF OUTLINE OF HIS CAREER AND SCHOLARLY ATTAINMENTS. TOM GRADUATED FROM WASHINGTON AND LEE IN 1996 WITH A BACHELOR OF ARTS IN RELIGION AND LATER RECEIVED HIS MASTERS OF SCIENCE IN LIBRARY OF SCIENCE FROM THE UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE AT KNOXVILLE IN 1980. TOM THEN ROSE THROUGH THE RANKS OF THE LIBRARY ARCHIVES PROFESSION WORKING AS A MENISCUS CURATOR AT THE NEW HAMPSHIRE SOCIETY HONING THE LIBRARY AT THE UNIVERSITY OF GEORGIA, DIRECTING THE MUSEUM AND RESEARCH LIBRARY AT THE GEORGE MARSHALL LIBRARY AND SERVING AS A DIRECTOR OF THE SPECIAL COLLECTIONS AT THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA. TOM JOINED WASHINGTON AND LEE IN 2013 AS THE HEAD OF SPECIAL COLLECTIONS AND ARCHIVES. UNDER HIS GUIDANCE, LONG OVERLOOKED ARCHIVES HAVE BEEN MADE AVAILABLE FOR CURRICULAR USE FOR THE FIRST TIME. IN ADDITION TO FACILITATING STUDENT AND FACULTY SCHOLARSHIP, TOM CONTINUES TO INDULGE HIS OWN LOVE OF LEARNING. HE FREQUENTLY RESEARCHES THE PROBLEMS OF HISTORIC ARTIFACTS AND COMMUNICATES HIS FINDINGS FOR PRESENTATIONS AND VARIOUS WRITTEN FORMS OF PUBLICATION. TOM HAS BROUGHT NEW LIFE TO W&L’S RESOURCES MAKING THEM THE LIFEBLOOD OF CURRICULUM AND RESEARCH. THE ABOVE OUTLINES ONLY A SMALL WINDOW INTO THE SCHOLARLY IMPACT TOM CAMDEN HAS AMONG THE ARCHIVAL COMMUNITY AND W&L. HE EPITOMIZES PHI BETA KAPPA’S MOTTO THE LOVE OF LEARNING IS THE GOD OF LIFE. I AM PROUD TO WELCOME HIM INTO OUR MEMBERSHIP. THOMAS E. CAMDEN, PLEASE COME TO THE STATE AND BE RECOGNIZED. >>[ APPLAUSE ]>>I HAVE THE PLEASURE OF ANNOUNCING SEVERAL OTHER AWARD WINNERS. FIRST THE PHI BETA KAPPA JAY BROWNING AWARD. WE PRESENT IT TO THE SOFTWARE OR SOPHOMORES WITH THE HIGHEST ACADEMIC AVERAGE DURING THEIR FIRST TWO TERMS AT W&L. THIS MAN TRULY EXEMPLIFIES PHI BETA KAPPA. PROFESSOR JAY BRIAN GORDON. DOCTOR GOING PRIVATE PROFESSOR OF CHEMISTRY FOR 38 YEARS SERVED AS SECRETARY-TREASURER OF THE GAMMA CHAPTER OF PHI BETA KAPPA FOR 23 OF HIS 38 YEARS. I WOULD LIKE THE TWO RECIPIENTS IN THE CLASS OF 2021 TO COME TO THE STAGE TO RECEIVE OUR CONGRATULATIONS AND VISITED ITS.>>[ APPLAUSE ] NEXT IS THE EDWARD LEE PENNY PRIZE PICK THE STUDENT AFFAIRS COMMITTEE GIVES US TO AN UNDERGRADUATE OR GRADUATE WHO DEMONSTRATES EXTRAORDINARY COMMITMENT OF TWO PERSONAL SCHOLARSHIP AND TO THE NURTURING OF INTELLECTUAL LIFE. OUT LIKE THIS PERSON TO COME TO THE STAGE TO RECEIVE OUR CONGRATULATIONS. LLERENA HERNANDEZ. >>[ APPLAUSE ] >>[ APPLAUSE ] >>WE WOULD ALSO LIKE TO RECOGNIZE SEVERAL OTHER RECENT FELLOWSHIP WINNERS. I INVITE THEM TO STAND IF THEY ARE HERE. TORI HESTER, STUDYING CHINESE IN CHINA. RYAN CARPENTER, RESEARCH INTERNSHIP AT LUBICK, UNIVERSITY IN GERMANY. — IN DRESDEN, GERMANY. CHING CHANG WANG, DAVIS PROJECTS PEACE AWARD IN CHINA. KATHERINE DOWD, FULLBRIGHT AUSTRIA. KALYDIA KASOWSKI, FULLBRIGHT INDIA. JULIA SYKES, FRANKFURT, GERMANY. SAMANTHA YATES, POSTGRADUATE SCHOLARSHIP. JULIE HERNANDEZ, POSTGRADUATES STUDY. GARRETT MANSON, JUNIOR SUMMER INSTITUTE AT PRINCETON UNIVERSITY. FRANCIS PUGH, PUBLIC POLICY AND INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS JUNIOR SEMINAR AT CARNEGIE MELLON. GIVE A ROUND OF APPLAUSE. >>[ APPLAUSE ] >>I WOULD LIKE TO SHARE JUST A FEW OBSERVATIONS WITH OUR NEWEST MEMBERS. WASHINGTON AND LEE ENJOYS A NATIONAL OR DICTATION FOR ACADEMIC EXCELLENCE, ASSURANCE THAT THIS DICTATION WILL ENTER INTO DEPENDS ON THOSE WHO TEACH AND THOSE WHO STUDY HERE. FOR EQUALITY THAT THE UNIVERSITY WILL CONTINUE TO BE MEASURED, YOU THE NEW MEMBERS OF PHI BETA KAPPA DO WELL TO UNDERSTAND THE HONOR AND RESPONSIBILITY THAT ARE NOW YOURS. IT HAS BEEN AND WILL BE OUR PRIVILEGE TO KNOW YOU AND INSTRUCT YOU. BY YOUR ACCOMPLISHMENTS, YOU HAVE EARNED OUR GRATITUDE AND HIGHEST COMMENDATION, AND YOU HAVE CLEARLY EXHIBITED YOUR DESIRE TO EMBRACE AND UPHOLD THE LAW OF LEARNING. OPEN-MINDED INQUIRY, LIVELY DEBATE, AND A FREE FLOW OF INFORMATION THAT STEM FROM THE LIBERAL ARTS TRADITION. I CHALLENGE YOU TO KEEP THESE QUALITIES IN MIND THROUGHOUT YOUR LIFE AS YOU REPRESENT WASHINGTON AND LEE AROUND THE COUNTRY AND AROUND THE WORLD. BE AN AMERICAN BESLER OF BOTH PHI BETA KAPPA AND W&L BY ENCOURAGING OTHERS TO ENGAGE IN OPEN-MINDED INQUIRY THAT IS THE HALLMARK OF A LIBERAL ARTS EDUCATION. THAT IS THE HALLMARK OF A WASHINGTON AND LEE EDUCATION. I NOW HAVE THE PLEASURE OF INTRODUCING OUR CONVOCATIONS THE CHAIR SPEAKER FREDERICK LAWRENCE. I FIRST HEARD FRED SPEAK AT THE 2018 PHI BETA KAPPA TRIENNIAL IN BOSTON. I WAS VERY IMPRESSED BY HIS COMMITMENT TO THE LIBERAL ARTS AND SCIENCES, IN HIGHER EDUCATION. FRED IS THE 10th SECRETARY AND CEO OF THE PHI BETA KAPPA SOCIETY, THE NATIONAL ORGANIZATION UNDER WHICH ALL OF OUR INDIVIDUAL NERVE UNIVERSITY CHAPTERS LIVE. HE IS ALSO A DISTINGUISHED LECTURE AT THE GEORGETOWN LAW CENTER AND HAS PREVIOUSLY SERVED AS PRESIDENT OF BRANDEIS UNIVERSITY. DEAN OF THE GEORGE WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF LAW AND VISITING PROFESSOR AND SENIOR RESEARCH SCHOLAR AT YALE LAW SCHOOL. PLEASE, JOIN ME IN WELCOMING PHI BETA KAPPA SOCIETY CEO FRED LAWRENCE AS HE TALKS ABOUT THE 21st CENTURY RESIDENTS OF PHI BETA KAPPA VALUES. >>[ APPLAUSE ] >>THANK YOU, EMILY. CONGRATULATIONS TO ALL OF YOU, PARTICULARLY MY NEWLY MINTED FELLOW PHI BETS. I KNOW THREE THINGS ABOUT YOU BY DINT OF THE FACT THAT YOU’RE SITTING HERE. FIRST, YOU MANAGED TO GET YOURSELF TO ONE OF ONLY 290 SCHOOLS IN THE COUNTRY THAT HAVE CHAPTERS OF PHI BETA KAPPA. THAT’S LESS THAN 10% OF ALL THE COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES IN THE COUNTRY. SECOND, OBVIOUSLY, YOU HAVE PERFORMED AT THE HIGHEST LEVEL HERE. YOU HAVE CHALLENGED HERSELF AND PERFORMED AT THE HIGHEST LEVEL. FOR THOSE TWO THINGS, YOU SHOULD BE DULY PROUD. THE THIRD THING I KNOW ABOUT YOU IS THAT EACH OF YOU IN A DIFFERENT WAY HAS BEEN GREATLY BLESSED. BY SOMEBODY. A TEACHER, A PARENT, A FRIEND, A SIBLING, AND YOU ARE PROBABLY THINKING OF THAT PERSON RIGHT NOW. SOMEBODY WHO SAID THE RIGHT WORD AT THE RIGHT MOMENT. SOMEBODY WHO TOOK YOU IN A DIRECTION YOU NEVER COULD HAVE IMAGINED . MAYBE, A DIRECTION THAT BROUGHT YOU TO THIS COUNTRY OR YOUR AREA OF STUDIES. FOR THAT, I FEAR YOU CANNOT BE PROUD BUT YOU CAN BE GRATEFUL. AND YOU CAN BE HUMBLE. AND YOU CAN FEEL RESPONSIBLE. AND THOSE THREE VALUES OF GRATITUDE, HUMILITY, AND RESPONSIBILITY ARE REALLY AT THE CORE OF WHAT PHI BETA KAPPA IS ABOUT. I WILL BE DOING A NUMBER OF THINGS THE COMING TALK. THEY WILL COME IN THREES. THAT’S THE FIRST THREE. THE NEXT THREE ARE THE THREE STARS IN THE KEY BUT WE NEED A LITTLE BACKGROUND BEFORE WE GET TO THE PHI BETA KAPPA KEY. IT’S EASY WHEN YOU TELL THE ICONIC STORY OF THE FOUNDING OF PHI BETA KAPPA AS WE DID DURING THE VERY SECRET CEREMONY THAT YOU DO BEFORE WITH PARENTS, SUPPORTERS AND FRIENDS. YOU’RE NOT SUPPOSED TO BE TRUSTED, APPARENTLY. BUT THAT’S BECAUSE WE SHOWED THEM THE SECRET HANDSHAKE, AND IF WE SHOWED YOU THAT, WE WOULD HAVE TO KILL YOU, SO WE CAN’T DO THAT. BUT IT’S EASY TO TELL THE STORY IN A KIND OF ALMOST, YOU KNOW HAMILTON IN THE ROOM AND IT HAPPENED KIND OF WAY. THERE THEY WERE, FIVE UNDERGRADUATES AT THE COLLEGE OF WILLIAM AND MARY IN THE ROOM OF THE RALEIGH TAVERN. THEY GOT TOGETHER ON A COLD WINTER NIGHT AS DECEMBER 5, 1776 TO FOUND THE PHI BETA KAPPA SOCIETY. YOU’RE NOW MEMBERS OF THE FIRST SECRET SOCIETY IN AMERICA THAT WAS FOUNDED IN A BAR. AND YET THERE’S SOME SIGNIFICANCE TO THE FACT THAT A WAS FOUNDED IN A TAVERN. IT TURNS OUT MOST OF THE MOST SIGNIFICANT REVOLUTIONARY IDEAS THAT CAME OUT OF THAT MOVEMENT WERE STARTED EITHER IN TAVERNS OR COFFEE HOUSES. THAT WILL STRIKE YOU AS FAMILIAR. THOSE ARE THE TO TWO KEY BEVERAGES THAT HAVE GOTTEN YOU THROUGH YOUR UNDERGRADUATE LIFE, I SUSPECT. THOSE WERE THE PLACES IN WHICH ONE COULD GATHER IN A SEMIPUBLIC PLACE OUTSIDE OF THE PRYING EARS OF THE CROWN DURING COLONIAL TIMES, AND THEY COULD DISCUSS REVOLUTIONARY IDEAS AND MAKE NO MISTAKE, IT WAS TRULY REVOLUTIONARY. WHO WERE THESE FIVE STUDENTS AT THE COLLEGE OF WILLIAM AND MARY? IT’S EASY TO THINK OF RUFFLED COLLARS, SAYING THINGS LIKE HEAR HEAR. THEY WERE YOUNG PEOPLE JUST LIKE YOU. FINISHING COLLEGE JUST LIKE YOU. IN A TIME OF ENORMOUS UNCERTAINTY, JUST LIKE OURS. NOT SURE HOW IT WAS ALL GOING TO COME OUT, AS I SUSPECT MANY OF YOU ARE NOT, AND THEY GATHERED ON THAT NIGHT AND COMMITTED THEMSELVES TO THE MOST ASTONISHING IDEA THAT OF ALL THINGS, IT WOULD BE THE LOVE OF LEARNING. THAT WOULD BE, AS WE USUALLY SAY, THE GUIDE OF THEIR LIVES. NOT SOME DOGMA. NOT THE CROWN. BUT THE LOVE OF LEARNING. AND NOT EVEN LEARNING ITSELF. THE PROCESS. THE LOVE OF LEARNING IS WHAT WOULD BE THE GUIDE TO THEIR LIVES. WE KNOW SEVERAL THINGS ABOUT WHAT ACTUALLY TOOK PLACE. ONE IS THAT THEY SELECTED THE NAME OF THE ORGANIZATION WHICH WAS NOT IN FACT PHI BETA KAPPA. THE NAME OF THE SOCIETY, I KNOW YOU’RE THINKING THIS HAS ALL BEEN A BIG MISTAKE THEN. THEY FOUND IT A PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY, SOCIETUS PHILISOPHICA. IT SAYS SP ON THE BACK OF YOUR FORM. THEY ADOPTED A MOTTO, FRATRES NOVI ET SORORES NOVAE IN UNIVERSITATE . WE NOW TRANSLATE THAT AS THE LOVE OF LEARNING IS THE GOD OF LIFE. I ASK IF THERE IS A CLASSICIST IN THE ROOM SO SOMEONE KNOWS WHAT I’M SAYING. I KNOW I’VE GOT AT LEAST ONE. THERE ARE PROBABLY A FEW OTHERS I COULD SMOKE OUT. KUBERNETES IS THE SAME ROOT WORD AS GOVERNOR. BUT IT HAS A MARINE OR MEDICAL CONNOTATION SO A BETTER TRANSLATION IS THE GUIDE OF LIGHT, OR THE PILOT OF LIFE. THERE IS A SUBTLE BUT SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCE BECAUSE THE GUIDE TAKES YOU ON A PATH THAT ALREADY EXISTS. THE PILOT STEERS YOU OUT INTO THE WATERS WHERE THERE IS NO PATH YET. SOMETIMES, THE WATERS ARE CHOPPY, AS THEY ARE TODAY. AS THEY WERE IN 1776. THEY COMMITTED THEMSELVES IN THE TIME OF CHOPPY WATERS. IT WOULD BE THE LOVE OF LEARNING THAT WOULD BE THE PILOT OF THEIR LIVES. THEY ALSO DESIGNED THIS SHIELD. IT’S A GREAT POP PROP TO HAVE. THE KEY COMES IN THE 1820S OR 1830S. ANYONE KNOW WHY YOU TURN IT INTO A KEY INSTEAD OF A SHIELD? YOU WOULDN’T EVEN THINK ABOUT IT NOW BECAUSE WE HAVE CELL PHONES. A KEY COULD BE TURNED INTO A WATCH. THE ORIGINAL WAS THIS SHIELD. THAT’S WHAT THEY CAME UP WITH. THIS DESIGN AND THE THREE STARS. LET’S SEE HOW GOOD YOUR SHORT- TERM MEMORY IS THE STARS STAND FOR? SAY IT AGAIN. MORALITY. THAT’S THE FIRST ONE. SECOND? FRIENDSHIP. THAT’S USUALLY THE ONE WOULD COME TO LAST AND YET IS IN SOME WAYS THE MOST POWERFUL. THE THIRD AND FINAL? LITERATURE. WHAT THEY CALLED LITERATURE BUT WE WOULD CALL LEARNING OR SCHOLARSHIP. ARTS AND LETTERS, THAT KIND OF LITERATURE. WE WOULD SAY SCHOLARSHIP, INTEGRITY, FRIENDSHIP. I WANT TO SAY A WORD ABOUT WHY THESE THREE. BUT THESE THREE WERE. THEY DO INSPIRE US STILL. SCHOLARSHIP, PARTICULARLY TO THEM, THINK ABOUT WHAT WAS GOING ON IN THEIR LIVES. THIS WAS IN WILLIAMSBURG IN THE MIDST OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. PRETTY EARLY. THEY HAD NO IDEA HOW IT WAS GOING TO COME OUT. THEY SAID STUCK DID THEY SUSPECTED THEY WOULD LOSE FRIENDS AND THAT MORE. THERE WERE RIGHT. THEY SUSPECTED THEY MIGHT BE IN HARM’S WAY. WERE DEFINITELY RIGHT. HAD PHI BETA KAPPA NOT MOVED TO HARVARD AND YALE, IT WOULD HAVE BEEN STILLBORN. CAUSE IT WAS BURNED TO THE GROUND WITH THE RECORDS OF WILLIAM AND MARY AND ALL THE RECORDS OF PHI BETA KAPPA. THAT WAS THE END OF DEAL FOR CHAPTER UNTIL THE 1950s. THEY WERE NOT WRONG TO THINK THIS WAS A TIME OF RISK AND PERIL. IT WAS NOT ABOUT LEARNING, SCHOLARSHIP LOOKING IN. IT WAS ABOUT SCHOLARSHIP AND LOOKING OUT, AND UNDERSTANDING THE WORLD, ENGAGING IN THE WORLD. I BELIEVE THEY UNDERSTOOD ANOTHER TRIAD. THAT THE LIBERAL ARTS EDUCATION, THE LIBERAL ARTS AND SCIENCE EDUCATION YOU’VE ALL ENGAGED IN PREPARES US FOR LIFE IN EACH OF THREE WAYS. FOR A MEANINGFUL LIFE, FOR A PRODUCTIVE LIFE AND FOR AN ENGAGED LIFE. MEANINGFUL LIFE IS WHEN WE TALK ABOUT THE MOST, UNDERSTANDING THE WORLD WE LIVE IN, THE PHILOSOPHIC QUESTIONS OF LIVING A GOOD LIFE, AN IMPORTANT LIFE. THOSE ARE QUESTIONS PEOPLE HAVE WRESTLED WITH FOR THOUSANDS OF YEARS. WE ENTER DIALOGUE WITH THEM, LEARNED FROM THEM AND LEARN BEYOND THEM. THAT IS PART OF WHAT IT MEANS TO HAVE A MEANINGFUL LIFE TO READ THE SPACE INSIDE A CATHEDRAL, TO READ A PIECE OF MUSIC AND KNOW WHERE IT FITS IN CONTEXT. THAT IS A MEANINGFUL LIFE. BUT IT’S ALSO ABOUT A PRODUCTIVE LIFE AND BY PRODUCTIVE I MEAN THE NUTS AND BOLTS OF WHAT THOSE YOUNG FOUNDERS WERE WORRIED ABOUT AND SOME OF YOU AS WELL. WHICH IS WHAT COMES NEXT. AND AS MOM AND DAD SOMETIMES ASK, IS THERE A JOB AT THE END OF THIS? THAT IS NOT ANTITHETICAL TO THE VALUES OF PHI BETA KAPPA. THAT’S AT THE CORE. WE CAN MEASURE THIS IN LOTS OF DIFFERENT WAYS. ONE OF THE BEST PREDICTORS OF A SIX-FIGURE FOWLIE SALARY IS TAKING A LARGE NUMBER OF COURSES OUTSIDE OF YOUR MAJOR. THE MAJORITY OF CEOS STUDIED THE LIBERAL ARTS. IT MAKES YOU A CREATIVE THINKER, A SUPPLE THINKER, A PROBLEM SOLVER. THINK OF IT THIS WAY. THERE IS A COMPANY CALLED FACEBOOK. FACEBOOK IS SUFFERING SOME PRETTY SERIOUS PROBLEMS. DOES ANYONE THINK THOSE PROBLEMS CAN BE SOLVED BY ANOTHER CODER? CODING IS NOT WHERE THEY ARE CHALLENGES ARE RIGHT NOW. WITH A NEED TO TURN TO IS WHAT IS TAUGHT IN PHILOSOPHY, SOCIOLOGY, SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY. HISTORY. OTHER DISCIPLINES OF THE LIBERAL ARTS AND SCIENCES. SO IT IS PRECISELY THE PRODUCTIVE USE OF THE ARTS AND SCIENCES BUT INFLUENCES THAT. THE WORLD IS CHANGING FASTER THAN YOU CAN IMAGINE. IF I TELL YOU YOU ARE BEING PREPARED NOT FOR YOUR FIRST A BUT YOUR TEMP JOB, IT SOMETIMES FREAKS HER PARENTS OUT BUT NOT YOU. YOU EXPECT TO HAVE THAT MANY JOBS. TO BE ABLE TO CHANGE IS TO KNOW IT’S NOT EVEN THE LEARNING THAT YOU LEARNED HERE. IT IS THE PROCESS, THE LOVE OF LEARNING. THAT IS THE PRODUCTIVE LIFE. THE ENGAGED LIFE, BOTH WITH EACH OTHER, HENCE THE THIRD VALUE OF FRIENDSHIP, BUT ALSO IN TERMS OF YOUR ROLE IN SOCIETY. WE KNOW GRADUATES OF THE LIBERAL ARTS VOTE AT HIGHER LEVELS. IT’S NOT THE ONLY WAY TO MEASURE BUT IT’S ONE WAY TO MEASURE IT. WHEN WE TALKED ABOUT BEING GREAT, HUMBLE AND RESPONSIBLE, THAT SENSE OF RESPONSIBILITY IS WHAT YOU GIVE BACK TO YOUR COMMUNITIES, TO URINATION, AND TO A WORLD, SO DEEPLY IN NEED OF HEALING. AND THE SKILLS THAT YOU WILL BRING TO IT. THAT IS, I THINK WHAT THEY MEANT BY SCHOLARSHIP. A SCHOLARSHIP THAT UNDERSTOOD THE WORLD, THAT AFFECTED THE WORLD, CHANGED THE WORLD AND THAT WAS ENGAGED WITH THE WORLD. NOW, A WORLD WITHOUT MORALITY. INTERESTING THAT CAME OUT FIRST AT A PLACE LIKE WASHINGTON AND LEE. A PLACE INFUSED WITH THE HONOR SOCIETY. I WAS GENTLY TOLD BY MY HOST AS I TURNED TO GET THE DOOR TO WALK THAT WE DON’T HAVE TO WORRY ABOUT THAT HERE. IN WASHINGTON, D.C., WE LOCK THE DOORS. SO YOU’VE BEEN IMBUED WITH THIS SENSE OF HONOR AND INTEGRITY. WHICH WAS ONE OF THEIR CORE VALUES BUT TODAY OF ALL DAYS, I HAVE TO SAY JUST ANOTHER WORD ABOUT THAT. WE ARE LIVING IN A MOMENT, BY WHICH I MEAN THE PAST WEEK, WHEN HIGHER EDUCATION HAS BEEN SHAKEN TO ITS CORE. BY AN ADMISSIONS SCANDAL THAT GOES BEYOND WHAT ANY OF US, I THINK, WOULD HAVE IMAGINED. THE NOTION THAT MONEY PLAYS A ROLE IN HIGHER EDUCATION IS HARDLY SHOCKING. IT MAY HAVE ITS STRENGTHS AND WEAKENS WEAKNESSES BUT IS HARDLY SHOCKING. THE NOTION THAT PEOPLE WOULD PUT THEIR TRUST INTO UNIVERSITIES TO LINE THEIR POCKETS AND BETRAY THE ENTIRE SYSTEM OF HIGHER EDUCATION IS SHOCKING AND I AM USING THAT WORD PURPOSEFULLY. THE HUMAN SPIRIT SO WANTS TO GO CHRONIC AND NOT LIVE IN THE ACUTE. DO YOU KNOW WHAT I MEAN? YOU CAN’T LIVE IN THE EMERGENCY ALL THE TIME. YOU WANT TO GO CHRONIC. YOU WANT TO GO DAY TODAY. IT IS SO IN TERRIBLY IMPORTANT WE DON’T ALLOW A LACK OF INTEGRITY TO BECOME A CHRONIC ISSUE. IT IS AN ACUTE EMERGENCY. IT THREATENS THE CORE OF HIGHER EDUCATION. WHAT YOU HAVE COMMITTED YOURSELVES TO HEAR, AT THIS SCHOOL OF ALL SCHOOLS OVER THE PAST FOUR YEARS, IS A LIFE OF HONOR, WHICH IS NOT TO BE NACVE. INSTEAD,, IT’S TO UNDERSTAND THE TRUE MEANING OF WHAT THEY WERE TALKING ABOUT ON THAT NIGHT OF DECEMBER 5, 1776. AND THEN LEAST, LAST, MOST, FRIENDSHIP. OF ALL THINGS, FRIENDSHIP. WHAT AN ODD ONE TO PUT IN THE TRIAD. WE USE THE WORD TRIBLEY. 147,000 FRIENDS NOW. BETTER NOT INVITE THEM ALL TO THE SAME PARTY. THAT’S NOT WHAT THEY MEANT BY FRIENDSHIP. ON A DEEP LEVEL, IT’S NOT WHAT YOU MEAN, EITHER. I WATCHED SOME OF YOUR FACES WHEN CERTAIN PEOPLE’S NAMES WERE READ AND I WATCHED YOU LIGHT UP FOR EACH OTHER. THAT’S WHAT IT MEANS TO BE A FRIEND AND TO BE ENGAGED IN A SENSE OF ENJOYING EACH OTHER’S ACCOMPLISHMENTS AND KNOWING THAT NONE OF US IS AS GOOD AS ALL OF US AND NONE OF US IS AS SMART AS ALL OF US, AND NONE OF US IS AS ACCOMPLISHED AS ALL OF US. THAT SENSE OF ENGAGEMENT WITH EACH OTHER INDIVIDUALLY, LOCALLY, REGIONALLY, EVEN INTERNATIONALLY I BELIEVE IS WHAT THEY MEANT BY FRIENDSHIP. THOSE WERE THE CORE VALUES THEY DEDICATED THEMSELVES BACK IN 1776. I WANT TO CONCLUDE BY SHARING WITH YOU SOME WORDS THAT I FOUND PARTICULARLY INSPIRING FROM 100 YEARS AGO. LITERALLY, 1919. THE PRESIDENT OF PHI BETA KAPPA NATIONALLY AT THE TIME. IT SHOULD BE PUT IN CONTEXT FOR A MOMENT. PHI BETA KAPPA HAD BEEN AROUND FOR NOT QUITE A CENTURY AND A HALF. THIS CHAPTER HAD EXISTED FOR A HANDFUL OF YEARS, AT THAT POINT. IT WAS FOUND IN 1911. EIGHT YEARS, THIS CHAPTER HAD BEEN FOUND AS THE GAMMA OF VIRGINIA. PHI BETA KAPPA LIVES ON THREE YEAR CYCLES. EVERY THREE YEARS, WE HAVE BIG MEETINGS. THAT WAS THE MEETING EMILY REFERRED TO. 1919 AND THE PRESIDENT WAS ADDRESSING PHI BETA KAPPA FOR THE FIRST TIME IN THREE YEARS SINCE 1916. WHAT HAPPENED BETWEEN 1916 AND 1919? THE WORLD HAD COME APART IN A WAY THEY COULDN’T IMAGINE. WORLD WAR I HADN’T GOTTEN STARTED BUT AMERICA HAD GOTTEN INVOLVED IN WORLD WAR I WITH MANY PHI BETS AND AN ENTIRE GENERATION THAT WENT OFF, MANY OF WHOM DID NOT COME BACK. THOSE WHO DID COME BACK WERE PROFOUNDLY CHANGED AND THOSE WHO DID NOT GO WERE CHANGED BY THEIR COME-BACK. THOSE WHO LOOKED OUT ON THE WORLD SAW A CHANGED WORLD. HERE IS WHAT HE SAID, REFERRING TO WHAT HE CALLED THE MISSION OF PHI BETA KAPPA. “THE FUNDAMENTAL PHASE OF PHI BETA KAPPA IS IN THE INEXHAUSTIBLE VALUE OF THE ACCUMULATED EXPERIENCE OF THE HUMAN RACE AS A GUIDE TO WISE ACTION IN ALL RELATIONS OF LIFE.” “BUT THIS FAITH IS NO MERE CONSERVATIVE FORCE LIMITING PROGRESS AND CONTROLLING ITS ADVANCE. WE BELIEVE IN OUR MOTTO. WE, DENIES PHILOSOPHY AS THE PILOT OF LIFE, NOT CONCERNED TO KEEP THE SHIP IN HARBOR, BUT TO GUIDE IT SAFELY THROUGH DANGEROUS WATERS. THE PROBLEM, THEREFORE, FOR US TODAY BOTH AS INDIVIDUALS AND AS A SOCIETY, AND I SOCIETY,” AND I DO BELIEVE HE MEANT THE DOUBLE ENTENDRE AS THE WORLD TODAY AND AS PHI BETA KAPPA , “IS TO MAKE OUR FAITH ACTIVE AND EFFECTIVE IN THE CHANGING WORLD AROUND US. FOR US AS.” FOR US, 100 YEARS LATER, THE PROBLEM OF MAKING OUR FAITH BOTH ACTIVE AND EFFECTIVE IN THE CHANGING WORLD AROUND US CONTINUES TO INSPIRE AS A CHALLENGE FOR ALL OF US. INDEED, I WOULD SAY IT’S MORE IMPORTANT THAN EVER. ELEANOR ROOSEVELT FAMOUSLY SAID IT IS BETTER TO LIGHT ONE CANDLE THAN TO SIT AND CURSE THE DARKNESS. WELCOME TO PHI BETA KAPPA. >>[ APPLAUSE ] >>[ APPLAUSE ] >>I JUST WANT TO TAKE A MOMENT AND SAY THANK YOU TO FRED. HER SPEECH WAS WONDERFUL. THANK YOU FOR COMING TO OUR SECRET INITIATION. AND OUR PUBLIC CONVOCATION, AND ALSO SPENDING TIME WITH SOME OF OUR AMAZING STUDENTS. IT HAS MEANT A LOT TO ALL OF US. CONGRATULATIONS TO THE NEW INITIATES AND THANK YOU TO EVERYONE FOR HELPING US HONOR THEM. WE INVITE EVERYONE TO JOIN US FOR A RECEPTION RIGHT OUTSIDE THIS ROOM. NEW INITIATES, WE HAVE TO TAKE A GROUP PHOTOGRAPH BEFORE YOU CAN ENJOY YOUR SODA AND WONDERFUL CHEESE. STAY TOGETHER FOR A SECOND AND FINALLY, TOM CAMDEN, ALSO A NEW INITIATES, HAS GRACIOUSLY ALLOWED US TO OPEN UP SPECIAL COLLECTIONS AGAIN, SO YOUR PARENTS AND FAMILY MEMBERS CAN GO AND SEE SOME OF OUR HISTORIC TREASURES, SOME OF WHICH ARE RELATED TO THE SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI. WE NOW CONCLUDE OUR ANNUAL CONVOCATION. THANK YOU, ENJOY THE CHEESE. I HOPE TO SPEAK WITH YOU ALL.

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