Pre-Islamic history of the Middle East

Pre-Islamic history of the Middle East


In the 14th century a muslim historian named Ibn Khaldun wrote about the ancient empires and how the first civilizations emerged along Major Rivers. The Huang Ho Valley in China, Indus River in Pakistan and more famously the Nile River in Egypt. The Historian wrote how these rivers allowed easy access to trade and commerce and from there grew into major cities and then to civilizations. But more interestingly, Ibn Khaldun wrote about the Pattern of history; Farmers would build irrigation system supporting villages and towns, later on some warrior would bring these towns under his rule and form a united political entity, like a kingdom or an empire. Then a tribe of Nomads would come along and conquer this kingdom and seize all the holdings and settle in their place and further expand the new empire. As time went by the nomads would assimilate and become soft city dwellers exactly the kind of people they had conquered before and at this point another tribe of Nomads would come along and conquer them and take their empire. Conquest, consolidation, expansion, degeneration and conquest. This was the Pattern Ibn Khaldun wrote about. The first civilization was the land between the rivers of Tigris and Euphrates, later known as Mesopotamia and Babylon. Less known are the Sumerians who started it all. They united the cities near the river of Euphrates into a single network called Sumer. They invented writing, the wheel, the cart, etc. Later, the Akkadians, a mountainous people to the north, conquered Sumer and their leader Sargon (of) Akkad became the first conqueror known by name. At the time this was the largest kingdom and Sargon famously said, “Now, any king who wants to call himself my equal, wherever I went, let him go” He basically said, let’s see anyone conquer as much as I have. His kingdom was smaller than Serbia. Later the Acadians were conquered by another nomadic tribe and the newcomers were then conquered by others and so it went on… the Gutians, Hurrians, Amorites, they all conquered, settled, expanded a little and then assimilated from warrior to city folk. But every conquest left something behind The Amorites founded the city of Babylon and from the City emerged the first Babylonian Empire. The Babylonians were pioneers in astronomy and mathematics. Then the Assyrian tribe to the North took it over and founded the Assyrian Empire. Their capital Nineveh is considered one of the greatest cities in antiquity. The assyrians made a number of innovations and improvements They erected the first library and used paved roads. They even came up with the first kind of imperial administration in which subject nations and vassals reported to a central authority. But the Assyrian Rulers also gained a reputation as merciless tyrants. Now, it’s hard to say if they were really worse than the other rulers in their time, but one of their strategies to keep the realm stable was by moving whole populations to other places. After a while the Assyrians lost their power to other tribes like the Sumerian descendants, Babylonians, Kassitites. These tribes fought each other for about two centuries until the Assyrians came back and re-established their empire and returned to their divide and rule strategy. Eventually the Assyrians fell to one of their subject nations, The Chaldeans. They rebuilt the second Babylonian Empire, and they’re well known for their achievements in astronomy, medicine, architecture and mathematics. In fact it was the Chaldeans who built the hanging gardens of Babylon one of the ancient seven world wonders. But the Chaldeans followed the same strategy as the Assyrians had by uprooting whole populations in order to divide and rule. It was the Chaldean King of Babylonia, Nebuchadnezzar who first smashed Jerusalem and dragged the Hebrews into captivity. Then came the invasion by the highland people to the east, the Persians and the Medes. The Babylonians were defeated and their infrastructure and political system was used to found the Persian Empire. The Persian emperor Cyrus the Great Had conquered the known world. His realm extended from the Nile to the Indus river. But the Persians are best known for their political reforms. They followed the opposite strategy of the Assyrians. They set the Hebrews free from captivity and resettled populations to their native lands. The Persians pursued a policy of multiculturalism. People were allowed to live however they saw fit and worship whatever gods they wanted, as long as they paid their taxes to the central authority. They issued a common currency and built a vast network of roads throughout the empire. The Persian libraries were so large that there is in fact more information about this period, 3,000 years ago than there is in Europe 1200 years ago. The Persian Empire also had its own unique religion. Zoroastrianism was founded in the region of Azerbaijan, meaning the land of fire. Zoroastrianism is often misunderstood for fire worshiping But the fire is a mere symbol for purity. The Zoroastrians basically believed in good and evil. That there was a heaven, and there was a hell. It was one of the earliest monotheistic religions. In the later era of the Persian Empire, They came in contact with the Greeks. The Greeks Supported revolts in the Persian Empire and this provoked the Persian emperor, Darius to punish the Greeks. Darius formed one of the largest armies ever but the size was more a liability than an advantage. There was no real effective way to direct so many men at such a distance. In the end it was the greeks who taught the Persians a lesson. But the lesson was quickly forgotten. Darius’ son Xerxes decided to Avenge his father by going after the greeks again. This is the war that involved the famous 300 Spartans. Darius repeated his father’s mistake and lost the war. 150 years later Alexander of Macedonia took the Battle the other way. He crippled the Persian army and quickly conquered all of Persia and thereby effectively conquered the known world. Alexander left a controversial mark, cities that had surrendered to him were left unharmed, but cities that resisted were pillaged. When he had conquered the Persian capital and the palace he burned it to the ground. Now this was one of the most prestigious buildings in the world. But on the other hand he built the lighthouse of Alexandria, one of the ancient seven world wonders. Alexander was planning to name Babylon his new capital and he also planned to fuse the greek and Persian cultures into one. He recommended his generals to take Persian wives but he died before he could implement this policy. And upon his death, his generals asked him, “Who should succeed you?” Alexander Replied, “The strongest”. His Empire broke in pieces among the Greek generals controlling it. Then the Greeks fought each other. Eventually the kingdoms weakened and the greek influence diminished. Persian identity resurfaced and another Empire was formed, Parthia. They didn’t exactly occupy the same size as the earlier Persian Empire but the Parthians use the existing political structure and established an empire. They later on assimilated into the Persian language and over time became Persians. The Parthians made no significant contribution to art and culture. Simply because they didn’t care for it. The Parthian were after all a nomadic warrior people. But what they lacked in culture they made up in warfare. They were the first to use cataphract, a knight in full metal armour riding an armoured horse. This would later on influence the Roman empire’s horsemen and from there, European feudal knights. But the Parthians also used light cavalry who would pretend to flee in the middle of a battle. This tricked the other army to break rank and chase after them. Then the Parthian Horsemen would suddenly turn wheel around and fire into their disorganised opponents. This would later be called the Parthian shot. They used these tactics and battled the roman empire to a standstill. When Christianity started to spread the Parthians didn’t care because they favoured Zoroastrianism. In the 3rd Century, a provincial rebel overthrew the last of the Parthians and founded the Sassanid Dynasty. And they too Quickly expanded and occupied the same territory as the Parthians had. The Sassanids reformed the Empire and erased the last traces of greek influence. They built enormous monuments, buildings and cities. Zoroastrianism became the official religion. In the same Era the Roman Empire was falling apart. The Roman Emperor split the Empire in two for administrative purposes but all the wealth was in the east and when the germanic tribes moved into the western parts of the empire, the government shrank, law and order broke down, trade decayed and eventually the western part of the Roman Empire collapsed and Europe entered the dark ages. But the Eastern part of the Roman Empire still lived on however the identity Between Roman and Greek was so vague that historians gave it a new name, The Byzantine Empire. The Byzantinians kept the Roman culture but didn’t improve on it. For example, most people can name Roman and Greek poets and philosophers like Plato, Aristotle, Julius Caesar, Augustus, etc. But few people can name two Byzantinian poets. This empire lasted more than a thousand years but few people can name five events that took place in the empire. Still Byzantium was a superpower back then, the other being the Persian empire. They fought each other in multiple Wars which generally ended in a stalemate. But both these empires neglected the developments to their Southern neighbours. The Arabian peninsula which was about to awaken. This was a Caspian report by me Shiron. Thank you for watching. Salut!

100 thoughts on “Pre-Islamic history of the Middle East

  1. Sadly the days of religious ideology are still with us. One day we will all step from the shadows of superstition and share the light of the evidence based research.

  2. Can you imagine that people say that before islam there was only obscurity. If you see what kind of civilizations that already existed how can you speak of obscurity.

  3. Before they started shagging their goats and sisters. Inbreeding literally caused their downfall. They were once great. It’s such a shame

  4. you done it good but you have a mistake! spartans not defited persians. this is a lie from Herodotus which every clever understand it.

  5. The Cushites founded Babylonia, not the Amorites. Genesis 10:8 And Cush begat Nimrod: he began to be a mighty one in the earth.
    Genesis 10:9 He was a mighty hunter before the LORD: wherefore it is said, Even as Nimrod the mighty hunter before the LORD.
    Genesis 10:10 And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, and Erech, and Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar.

  6. So my ancestors were not Muslims , infact when muslim rulers invaded Indian subcontinent they converted them to islam , I am a "jutt" so I assume my ancestors were Sikhs , the unfortunate thing about being a Muslim is that we can't leave islam because in islam Apostate deserve to be killed , I think it's unfair since I didn't deliberately chose to be a Muslim but I can't leave it either! Whoah!

    Thank you for making this video from a Pakistani ex Muslim 🇵🇰.
    (I have left islam by heart ,but in eyes of society I am a Muslim and I have to hide it because otherwise someone will kill me(

  7. Ancient History is full of butchery, but now with our modern weapons we are capable of mass extermination and genocide. Who is more savage ?

  8. Great, however I wanted to correct something about Pre-Persian religious tolerance in empires:
    Religious tolerance was not new to the region when the Persians emerged. In fact the previous empires were religiously tolerant as well. The reason behind that is the fact that these empires were pagans, and pagan societies did not discredit other peoples' gods; they simply thought they were gods that they hadn't heard about before, and they considered some of them to be the same as theirs with different names — those would be the gods of the same elements: like Shamash being the sun god of Mesopotamia and Ra being the sun god of Egypt.
    The Assyrian and Babylonian cruelty towards the jews had nothing to do with religion, it was purely about politics, and that cruelty was not exclusive to the jews.. they treated all enemies/rebels the same (with few exceptions of course).

  9. Sure you can have your opinion, but the history described here is completely wrong in my opinion.. Anyway, Peace and all human are one family these two ideologies will define our survival next.

  10. The Romans and the Persians fought a lot of battles for a very long time. Then the prophet came… and a new empire was formed. The time was right, both countries became weakened because of constant wars. My question is: were the wars worth it for both sides?

  11. Indus Valley in Pakistan? Uh no- geographically, most of it is in India. Also, Pakistan was formed on August 14th, 1947-long after the "Indus Valley" was gone..

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  13. Such a shame. The Eastern Roman Empire and the Sassanid Empire should have set aside their grievances toward one another, allied together, become fond of one another and direct their aggression south toward the Muslims.
    Also- the Eastern Roman Empire always regarded itself as Roman in Greek. The word Byzantine was created in the 18th century by ignorant historians. The Eastern half of the Roman Empire lived on until the mid 15th century.

  14. "Now, any king who wants to call himself my equal, wherever I went, let him go." – Sargon of Akkad
    "Hold my beer." – Cyrus the Great

  15. Why can’t the Iranians or Persians reclaim their glorious ARYAN past ?
    Why do they want to perpetually subject themselves to an Arab religion ?

  16. The world's first civilizations were in Africa, not the Middle East. And those civilizations were founded by Black/African types, not Arab/Persian types.

  17. The Romans destroyed the Near east but the Caliphs, Umayyads, Abbasids, and Fatimids brought them back. Then modern European colonization came and marginalized them completely.

  18. Hello, this is wonderful, thank you for uploading it for all to enjoy. Which city is this @10:17, please, Bam, in Iran?

  19. Such ethnonym "greeks" in the Ancient history JUST DONT EXIST, PLEASE STOP USING IT! It is oxymoron…
    You talk about greeks and shows these "greeks", wearing typical THRACIAN HATS (6:53 left), then you shows spartans, who actually worship the thracian God of War – Ares and wearing typical thracian helmets… Understand – no greeks in "Illiad", no greeks in the ancient history, it was fabricated termin for political purposes…

  20. Persia (Iran) maintaining continuity with its Persian heritage. Persians (every religion that they have) have kept the Persian culture. Zoroastrian culture and traditions are the most important part of Persian culture. Persians speak the Persian language and Persians have Persian culture, traditions, ancient Persian clothes, costumes, art, music, literature, etc. Persians still celebrate the ancient Persian festivals/ traditions like Nowruz, the Night of Yalda, Charshanbe Suri, Sizde be Dar, etc. Persians are among the most educated people in the world.

    Persians have preserved their pre-Islamic culture. Iranians today are following ancient traditions that are over 4,000 years old. The Zoroastrian religion is the basis of the Iranian culture that has continued to exist for thousands of years. Zoroastrianism is the ancient Persians religion. Zoroaster was the Great Iranian philosopher and prophet. Zoroaster Prophet taught to the Persians Good Thoughts, Good Speechs and Good Deeds. Zoroaster " There is only one path and that is the path of Truth. Do the right thing because it is the right thing to do, and then all beneficial rewards will come to you also. "

    The decline in Zoroastrianism in Iran did not destroy the Zoroastrianism. Zoroastrian culture, traditions, and festivals are part and parcel of the Iranian culture and identity today. Islam is heavily copied off of Zoroastrianism, Christianity, and Judaism, especially Zoroastrianism. Abrahamic religions wouldn't even exist like they do if Zoroastrianism never existed.

    Zoroastrianism is incorporated into the culture and identity of all Persians. Maybe not practiced religiously, but when it comes to culture and tradition, as well as all the festivals we celebrate, they are Zoroastrian ( Persian ) based, such as Nowruz ( the Persian new year ), Yalda, Charshanbesuri, Seezdebedar, etc. The Iranian nation is very diverse religiously (both inside and outside Iran), Persians are Muslim, Christian, Zoroastrian, and some of Iranians are irreligious. Most Persians are theists, but we all still share the same culture. That culture has Zoroastrian roots, and Persians, no matter what religious background, know this and the history of it. Iranians speak Persian.

  21. Many things in this world are invented by Persians like the first practical windmills, an ancient type of evaporative cooler and Refrigerator, post system, police, hospital, insurance, road, fork, spoons, high heel shoes, qanat, polo and many different invents. Iranians were the first to domesticate animals, and also the first to mount on a horse. The first calendar, composed of a year with 354 days, was invented in Persia. The wheel, as a sophisticated component, originated in Persia. The Persians were the first civilizations to reject slavery as a method of expansion, and the first to introduce the concept of salary and labor rights. They were the first ones to produce and consume milk (a very important resource in the Bronze and Iron Ages) on a large scale. They were the ones who standardized measurement techniques. They've created the concept and structure of Private Banking. Where do you think the words "Bank" and "Bazaar" came from? Persia.

    The first system of the federative government was started in the Persian Empire. The first secret intelligence service was founded in Persia. King Cyrus The Great wrote the first Human Rights Charter and is considered a man ahead of his time, as he also established many other honorable aspects of Persian society, including those of tolerance and equality between men and women. The first time that a canal was built to connect two seawaters was by King Xerxes of Persia, who built the "Xerxes' canal", near Greece. The first divinely revealed religion which still exists today is Zoroastrianism. No other religion has influenced other world Religions like Zoroastrianism. It has influenced Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, and many others. The first time that cake was used in a birthday party was by King Darius the Great of Persia. The art of tile-work was invented and perfected in Persia. " etc, etc.

    In the Persian empire, in Persepolis palace female workers even had paid maternity leave. The Persians were also known for having women take part in high governmental positions such as in Construction, Administration, Politics, etc as evident by the record-keeping clay tablets throughout Persepolis. This is something that would not be seen until at least many centuries after.
    United Nations even uses the Cyrus Cylinder as a pillar of one the earliest declaration of human rights.

  22. " Rhazes ( Zakariyya Razi ) was a Persian polymath, physician, alchemist, philosopher, and important figure in the history of medicine. He was one of the world's first great medical experts. He is considered the father of psychology and psychotherapy. Rhazes ( Zakariyya Razi ) who is credited with the discovery of ethanol.
    Rhazes's book al-Judari wa al-Hasbah (On Smallpox and Measles) was the first book describing smallpox and measles as distinct diseases. It was translated more than a dozen times into Latin and other European languages.

    Rhazes contributed in many ways to the early practice of pharmacy by compiling texts, in which he introduces the use of "mercurial ointments" and his development of apparatus such as mortars, flasks, spatulas and phials, which were used in pharmacies until the early twentieth century.

    many scholars consider Razi the greatest medical doctor of the Middle Ages."

  23. Persian literature described as one of the great literatures of humanity, including Goethe's assessment of it as one of the four main bodies of world literature. For centuries, Persia has been producing some of the world’s most influential and inspiring poets, whose works revolutionized the literature of both the East and the West. Spanning themes of love, divine mysticism, and human rights, their poetry is an incredible contribution to Persian culture and remains entirely relevant today. Every poet a different path and the Persian language helps this creativity. Persian literature is one of the world's oldest literature.

    The Persian language has been a source of inspiration for Goethe, Emerson, Matthew Arnold and Jorge Luis Borges among others. The Persian language is one of the most poetic, mystic and spiritual language in the world. It is also one of the oldest living languages. The Persian language has had a huge amount of impact on other languages and cultures and it has a long history of literature and it was notable.It is also one of the oldest living languages.

    The Great Persian Poets: Khayyam, Ferdowsi, Hafez, Saadi, Attar, etc, are well known in the West and have influenced the literature of many countries. The planet 3095 Khayyam was named in his honor in 1980 and the lunar crater Khayyam was named in his honor in 1970 as well. One of the holes in the moon was named in honor of "Khayyam". Saadi’s Bustan (The Orchard) is considered one of the 100 greatest books of all time according to The Guardian. Voltaire was very thrilled with his works especially Gulistan, even he enjoyed being called "Saadi" in his friends' circle. " Nietzsche was interested in Hafez's poems. Thoreau, Goethe, and Ralph Waldo Emerson (the last referred to him as "a poet's poet") were influenced by Hafez. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was the Great German writer and statesman. Goethe is one of the four pillars of European literature. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was fascinated by the Persian poet " Hafez ".

    Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was the Great German writer and statesman. Goethe is one of the four pillars of European literature. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was fascinated by the Persian poet " Hafez ". Nietzsche was interested in Hafez's poems. In 1819, Goethe published his West-östlicher Divan, a collection of lyric poems inspired by a German translation of Hafiz (1326–1390). Goethe, who wrote his poetry collection the West-östlicher Diwan as a tribute to Hafez and his style.

    The great American philosopher, poet, essayist and lecturer, Ralph Waldo Emerson was another admirer of Persian poetry. He published several essays in 1876 that discuss Persian poetry: Letters and Social Aims, From the Persian of Hafiz, and Ghaselle.

    Ferdowsi in the Shahnameh spans the history of Persia from mythical times until the Sassanid period in the 7th century, telling the tales of heroic blacksmiths, despotic rulers, and wicked demons who form the currents of good and evil which run throughout human history. Through his complex characters, Ferdowsi demonstrates the capacity for lightness and darkness and for happiness and unhappiness, in every being, encouraging his readers to actively take the side of good.

  24. A human skull which indicates the practice of Brain Surgery in Persia, 3,500 BC. The world’s oldest known example of animation in Persia, 3,500 BC. The earliest example of an artificial eyeball in Persia, 3,500 BC. 10-centimeter (3.937-inch) ruler, accurate to half a millimeter in Persia for the first time in the history of the world, 3,500 BC, etc, etc.
    http://amazingancient.com/shahr-e-sukhteh/
    The world's oldest animation in Persia in 3,200 BC. " When the vessel is twisted you can see the images merge and make a “bounce back” animation (or if you prefer – gif) telling the story of the goat eating from a tree. This also means that the world's oldest cartoon character is a goat."
    https://vickymilchevalccanimation.wordpress.com/2017/11/19/shahr-e-sukhteh-or-the-very-first-animation/

  25. An ancient type of evaporative cooler in Persia. " Above ground, the structure had a domed shape, but had a subterranean storage space. It was often used to store ice, but sometimes was used to store food as well. The subterranean space coupled with the thick heat-resistant construction material insulated the storage space year round. Many that were built hundreds of years ago remain standing."
    https://www.thevintagenews.com/2017/12/20/yakhchal-ancient-persian-refrigerator/

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yakhchāl

    The first practical windmills for the first time in the history of the world in Persia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Windmill
    UNESCO " Historical Overview: Man's use of wind goes back to 3000 years ago. The first evidence for this claim can be found in Iran. Simple turbines used at that time had mostly vertical axis. Up to the beginning of 20th century, wind was often used to generate mechanical energy to draw up water or grind grains.

    Vertical-axis windmills which are known as "Iranian windmills" were taken to China during the Mongol reign. These windmills were also taken to other Islamic territories and were used in Egypt as a main source for the chopping and grinding of sugarcanes. In 11th century, windmills reached Spain, the Islands of Aegean Sea and Portugal, but it had been slightly modified and its vertical axis had been changed to horizontal axis with a 30 degree slope. Many historians hold that Iran has been the birthplace of vertical-axis windmills and it was in 1105 AD. when this technology found its way to Europe. " https://whc.unesco.org/en/tentativelists/6192/

  26. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, the great Western philosopher, in his work The Philosophy of History introduces the Persian Empire as the "first empire that passed away" and Persians as the "first historical people" in history. George W.F. Hegel. The Philosophy of History " The Persian Empire is an empire in the modern sense – like that which existed in Germany, and the great imperial realm under the sway of Napoleon; for we find it consisting of a number of states, which are indeed dependent, but which have retained their own individuality, their manners, and laws. The general enactments, binding upon all, did not infringe upon their political and social idiosyncrasies, but even protected and maintained them; so that each of the nations that constitute the whole, had its own form of constitution.

    As light illuminates everything – imparting to each object a peculiar vitality – so the Persian Empire extends over a multitude of nations and leaves to each one its particular character. Some have even kings of their own; each one its distinct language, arms, way of life and customs. All this diversity coexists harmoniously under the impartial dominion of Light … a combination of peoples – leaving each of them free. Thereby, a stop is put to that barbarism and ferocity with which the nations had been wont to carry on their destructive feuds. "

  27. Excellent attempt at a braud history. There is just one thing I'd like to point out. But first, I mean no disrespect, English is obviously not your first language, I'm just trying to be helpful here. The Conqueror you mention early on is not the first conqueror known by name, he is the earliest conqueror known by name. It's a nuanced difference, but a difference nonetheless.

  28. …then the invasions , conquests, subjugation , conversions and persecutions ensued ! Over the next Centuries many Persians fled looking for safe haven ..few Jews too did that and so did Mohammed's descendents !
    They ALL found ONE safe haven n were protected from persecutions or conversions…..India ! 🇮🇳❤️

  29. before arabs and islam, Iran (Persia) was greatest kingdom of midle east and plz understand Persians are not Arabs, and they(iranian) persians are white and the real Ariyan civilisation . the word iran comes from Arian. now u get it?

  30. Cyrus the great is our persians pride , before arabs and islam, Iran (Persia) was greatest kingdom of midle east and plz understand Persians are not Arabs, and they(iranian) persians are white and the real Ariyan civilisation . the word iran comes from Arian. now u get it?

  31. im not racist, but its truth, persians (iranian) are not Arabs and they are white and real ariyan people. look the word iran comes from arians, nice

  32. Salam Peace Shanti Shinto to all.

    Manchurian   word is above 6000 years old and is related to Shami Manchurian Camboj Tribe of MahaBharta, Jewish Bible  and ancient Achaemenid(Hashiminid)  Persian Empire of Cyrus the Great Camboj  who also migrated to China, Japan, Korea and finally settled in Cambodia.

    Manchurian Camboj(also called Khmer or Red Camboj)  also live in Manchuria of China.

    Chinese people are combination of many tribes who migrated from Mesopotamia. Most of Han n Lee Chinese belong to Ali Baba who is biblical Elijah n Quranic holy prophet Elias.

    China word is a variant of sena valley. Sena means Armies.

    Peking or Bejing are arabic or hebrew compound word of two words:

    1. Bi or be ie with
    2. king or jing ie Lord

    Korea is compound word of two words:

    1. Kor ie home
    2. Yah or Yawah lord.

    In India Mancherian Camboj live in Sawat and Kishmir with their subcastes as pathan, sardar, Singh, Abbassi, Mughal, Kayani, Rana, Rao, Rai, Sanda, Ghakhar, Khokhar, Khar, Kharal, Chowdary, Khan, Jhakhar, Jhaghara, Malik, Awan, Mian, Batti, Bhatti, Hazara, Jammu and many Rajpoots.

    City Mansehra is related to Manchurian Camboj.
    Manchester is also related to Spanish  Cambridgean Victorian Camboj tribe of Cyrus the Great who ruled the world including Hindustan as 127th province of MahaBharta or MahaParthia.

    Capitol hill in Washington  related to Capitol hill in Athenes Greece all belong to Camboj tribe.

    Word Capital n Capitalism originated from Cambitals ie Cambridgeans of Cambyses tribe of Cyrus the Great. Curus was forefather of Muhammad(SW).

    Manchurian Camboj take their name from their mothers from Mennesse tribe of Yousafzai(sons of Hazrat Yousaf bin jacob) pathans. Mennesserian became Manchurian.

    To understand this complex but very simple phenomena you have to study Babylonian captivity of bani israel and their release by Zulqarnain ie Cyrus the Great Camboj of bani ishmael. And intermarriage of both tribes gave birth to Manchurian Camboj and  Khazar Jews who now live in Israel fighting with their own blood brothers Arabs.

    Suleimanki takes its name from Camboj tribe of Cyrus the Great. Real name of Cyrus was Sulieman Khorosheed bin Aus bin Buzurg bin Qamwal bin …..Qadar bin Ismail bin Abraham. Iraqi Kurds of Suliemania n Kambani are descendents of Cyrus the Great. Royal Court name of Cyrus was Kai Qabad. QABAD means Kabadia or wrestler or Pehlvaan. Pehlvi tribe of Iran were Camboj similar to Imam Khomeini. Indian Kapadia n Kapurthala tribes are Cambojas.

    Kai Khushrukh or Kai Khusro(Cambyses II) was son of Cyrus the Great. Ferdosi named these Cambojas Kings as Kaiyani Kings due Kai word.

    Istanbul is deformed shape of Astana e Bull ie Home of Bull or Baal. Irani n Pakistani Baloch are descendents of Tur Cambs or Turks.

    Rest on some other time.

    Thanks n best regards.
    from Leh Kishmir.

  33. Moses and Jacob are tracian names . My country is the most old in the world and is called Bulgaria(Tracia). Moses travels from Mesopotamia,and Turkey and God show Him the promess land which have rivers,forests and everything and this my country Bulgaria becouse the flood was in the Black Sea and the Bible speaks for Bulgarian and Mesopotamian History.Hebrews stoles the story of the Bible of my nation. All names are Bulgarians in the Bible.The Book of Enoch and Kingdoms in the Bible speaks for the face of Jesus who is it with blonde hair and white skin. My nation which is the old tracian people are with blonde hair and white skin.In the Bible is written how my nation helps to put the gold of the ark of the covenant and in my country was found similar box as the ark of the covenant.We are full with the Egypt things and the tomb of the Queen Basted from Egypt is in my country. In the new testament have names of Bulgarians towns. In my country have alot of milk and honey ! My country is like paradise ! The Bible speaks for Mesopotamia,Turkey and my country Bulgaria.City Ninevia is in Turkey !

  34. I would advise you to check some of your sources….Cyrus did not conquer egypt, for examples, it was his son Cambyses. Cataphracts where not "invented" by the parthians, and also, the parthians assimilated the greek culture, not the persian culture, in fact, greek was the admnistrative language of the Parthian Empire. Also, zoroastrianism is not a monotheistic religion (it's much more complicated than that). Another interesting fact that you should have mentioned is that Persepolis was burnt in an act of vengeance, due to the fact that the Achaenemid Persians had burnt Athens. And finally, one last fact: Achamenids, Sassanians, Parthians, Medians, and so on they were all persians, or to be assertive, iranians.

  35. When you mention Indus river. You must mention hindusthan. Pakistan was created by breaking india in 1947. Indus river is flowing through hindusthan for at least 10K years before that.

  36. Your preislamic history is still very recent. Go back more you will find entire middle east was praying hindu gods like Shiva

  37. The folks in middle East know they are converts through sword and had even greater recognition and culture ..and sure their sons and daughters will give up the barbarian religion of islam

  38. Free Women are not at fault for the collapse and conquer of "weak" society. Irresponsibility is the cause of the collapse and one should not try to spin history to fit ones religiousness.

  39. @CaspianReport –>Thank you for posting. Your English is also easy to understand for a foreigner. Nebuchadnezzar met Daniel in the Bible. (2019 Holland-EU)

  40. Babylon-Abraham-OldTestament-NewTestament-Rome-WesternCivilization-GlobalistsBanksters. Babylon-Banksters. Simple. Still ruling governments through divide and conquer.

  41. Conquered by a more powerful culture, assimilated into it, become soft city people and then conquered by another…history repeats time and time again… most recent itrration of the demise of a great empire… Europeans conquering Native Americans
    becoming soft, decadent city people then being conquered by the Chinese… "those who don't learn from history repeat it as their future"

  42. Hi
    You should make vedios about pre christian europe, pre christian america
    Pre christian australia
    And make another vedio about how christian missionaries destroy native peoples in above mentioned places too

  43. Persians: islam is doom.
    West: Islam is bad.
    Europe: Islam is DANGER .
    Rome: Islam killed us.
    Muslims: Islam is the strongest and greatest.

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