Teaching Social Skills Responses To Emotions │Autism

Teaching Social Skills Responses To Emotions │Autism


My name is Heather Nunziato and I’m a
Board Certified Behavior Analyst with Brett DiNovi & Associates in this
video I’ll be showing you clips from the TV show Parenthood and if you’re not
familiar with it one of the main characters in the show of his name is
max was diagnosed with Asperger’s syndrome so he’s very high-functioning
but it’s also TV so he understands a little bit more and he might be a little
bit more social than what we experienced with our actual clients but it is TV so
we have to take it as it is so in the show Max was previously in a fight with
another student and the principal ordered him that he has to apologize so
he’s working in this clip with his cousin and he doesn’t understand
emotions people with autism people with Asperger’s have a hard time
understanding other people’s emotions and they also have a hard time
expressing their own emotions so I’ll be commenting and showing you clips on how
she works with him she does a really great job working with him and using
behavior analysis and she doesn’t even know it
so in behavior analysis we learned early on that emotions and feelings are not
behavior because they aren’t measurable and they aren’t also observable those
are private events those are covert behavior but the behaviors that we use
to express those feelings and emotions are observable so in this clip I’m going
to show you the behavior strategies that they use to get the apology behavior
which is the ultimate goal in this scene what did they do details aren’t really
important but sad yes video models are a really great tweaked teaching strategy
for individuals on the spectrum because it really Punk scheme that rapid
acquisition by watching the model the individual can see all the steps in a
sequence and they can pause and go back so the video starts off with Max and his
cousin and she’s showing him a video she didn’t know was a video model of a
person apologizing so max is watching that and they start to take notes on
what the person is doing and how max thinks that person is feeling yes so the
next behavior principle that Max’s cousin uses is they do tack training so
she presents the st2 max as he’s watching the video of what do you think
this person is feeling so max continues to watch the video and he says oh he’s
sad and she provides him praise like right he is set why do you think he said
he says he apologizes his voice is very low he looks down when he talks and she
provides praise with all those things and reinforces that tact of yes that’s
right he is sad that’s what sad looks like um all of these characteristics
that you just named so after max is able to successfully
tact and label all of the sad characteristics that are in an apology
he then immediately imitates what the video model was doing
after he imitates his cousin then does a brief variation of what we call shaping
and shaping is reinforcing successive approximations to a terminal behavior
and that terminal behavior firm Max is the apology as a whole so the behaviors
or the responses that are within the whole terminal behavior the apology are
already in Max’s repertoire he’s able to look down he’s able to change the tone
of his voice but his cousin is providing that reinforcement and prompting him to
say okay now look down okay lower your voice in order to achieve that terminal
behavior of the apologizer so after max is able to successfully
demonstrate the apology as a whole his cousin then provides him with a very
highly reinforcing edible and he wants another one so she tells him you have to
do it again it’s really important to continue to provide reinforcement even
after the terminal behavior is achieved so that it remains in the person’s
repertoire as if learning to apologize and learning what an apology is wasn’t
enough at the end of the video max’s cousin provides him with more
reinforcement but in order for him to get that reinforcement she prompts him
to say thank you in a polite and socially acceptable way by maintaining
eye contact and always being able to smile thank you thanks for watching what we’re doing and
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