The Indus Valley Civilization: The Masters of the River

The Indus Valley Civilization: The Masters of the River In the 19th century India was regarded as the
mother of civilizations but the great civilizations
could only be the Middle Eastern, Egyptian. Mortimer Wheeler, one of the great
British archaeologists in India called India “the Cinderella civilization” because it was the last born. Some even thought it a pale copy
of Mesopotamian Civilisations before it was realised that it was in fact unique When the archaeologists started to dig they found nothing resembling the Mesopotamian civilizations. but they soon realised
they were uncovering huge cities Some sites cover 200 to 300 hectares. In area, Mohenjodaro area is probably
the largest of all ancient cities. Big rivers Were vital to the growth
of the Indus civilization as they are
to all agrarian civilizations. The rivers facilitate agriculture. which then feeds the cities where a new,
non-peasant population appears, a population of labourers
and craftsmen.. In the past, Indus
spread across a huge plain which was cultivated the risk of one’s fields
disappearing every year. We have a fairly good idea
of the strength of their economy. The great cities of the Indus
especially Harappa and Mohenjo daro. had well-developed crafts that produced items
only this civilization could make like particular types
of near-industrial ceramics not to mention
all that’s been lost. the Indus civilization must have
produced a lot of textiles. of food processed
using the Technologies of the time. No traces remain of all that
everything disappeared. But today, some of its products
wuold qualify as industrial-quality Merchants hung them around their neck
and they were widely used. One problem with the indus civilization is that its people wrote we know that we have thousands of documents but they wrote on perishable media so we don’t have thier writings only what we’d call street signs signs on key rings everything that remained solid while the other media disappeared. So we do not know.
We have no text. So we saw a civilizatione emerge
that had writing but we thought
it was just for magic rituals when in fact it probably had
a political and administrative system like Egypt and Mesopotamia. Clearly, so long as we can’t
decipher the writing which means finding
a text that is long enough to decipher with the classic techniques we won’t even know
what language they spoke. The Maritime trade
of the Indus civilization has been studied
over the past 20 years or so. We know that rivers were used
for trade between the Indus cities. Its maritime trade is more is tricky We know that the items from the Indus
reached the Oman Peninsula. that is, today’s United Arab Emirates
and Oman as well as Bahrain and Mesopotamia. More than that we
texts of Mesopotamia a text by Sargon of Akkad
from around 2300 BC saying that in his harbour
were ships from Dilmun which is the Quwait-Qatar region
centered on Bahrain… boats from Mogan
today’s Oman penisula and from Meluhha
the land of Indus. It was probably
MULTILATERAL a trade involving people
from whole region It seems that the first
people tp take the sea were not the people from the Indus. We must bear in mind
that today’s Indus Delta is subject to hude tides Its exteremely difficult to navigate and its sea coast
is also very difficult to navigate But at some stage
everyone took the sea and at that time in the middle of the third milennium BC a time of increased
International trade like the trade in jewellery for example, large carnelian beads which only people from Indus
knew how to make it But also the trade in fabrics
including precious fabrics produced and exchanged
in both the Indus and Mesopotamia. And also all sorts of goods
that came from afar like combs made of ivory
and all sorts of other items from as far as the jungles of the Ganges valley How did these people communicate? A Sumerian text from Mesopotamia
around 2000 BC mentions a translator from Meluhha who spoke the languages of the Indus and Sumeria. Pity, he didn’t leave dictionary but we must imagine
that this whole ancient world where people constantly exchanged things it was multilingual. It’s in our world that people now speak a single language ​​plus English. In that ancient world a language was often spoken by just a few thousands people. The neighboring group spoken a different language. So all these people
had to be able to communicate. How did the indus civilization vanish? First, it did not
suddenly disappeared. What we know is that from a certain date that can be established around 2000 BC something we call “regionalisation” occured. This vast cultural unity was replaced by regional entities that lasted quite a while Large cities were abandoned.
that’s certain. that happens quite often. and the reason that big cities
are abandoned is that the way society funtions can no longer support them economically. but this does not mean
the people just left. It means they have started live differently iin a manner less visible to archaeology. The problem that archaeologists
can’t see everything.

100 thoughts on “The Indus Valley Civilization: The Masters of the River

  1. God-damn Canadians, with their random mandatory blasts of frech language, why do you make me read while I watch video Canada?! =) Good documentary, old data though, I think they are now estimating at least 80k inhabitants in the main cities, and I think one of the hypothesis is that hey kind of did not had any war, or real ridged social hierarchy, very fascinating civilization.

  2. Took one of those DNA tests and my motherline can be traced back to a woman living in the Indus Valley civilisation.

  3. great to see that the world is talking about the Indus valley civilisation of Pakistan. no-doubt Pakistan is very rich in heritage. home to harappa and mohenjodaro.,

  4. Song at 22.14 is the pakistani folk song and is sung in a Punjabi dialect called Saraiki. It says that "O beautiful woman living alongside the river Ghaggar we are witnesses of your beauty. Such rivers (like Indus and Ghaggar) started to flow that caused the Gold to grow on the land.(meaning crops). God has blessed our land and because of that our lands have produced gold. These rivers gave us fish and your reflections o beautiful woman of Ghaggar." The river is pronounced Ghakkar Hakra in Pakistan today.

  5. I m sad that the place from where the Indian civilization started , the place where there was art , culture and philosophy is not even now in India. It is now in Pakistan ( many ancient sites and temples have been blown up and destroyed in Pakistan and Afghanistan by the Muslims )

  6. I always wondered why Indians pooped in the street, but now i know that plumbing is a technology that they lost thousands of years ago.

    Edit: Wow they also had traffic signs!

  7. I am sure if a Harappan was alive today and saw all the assumptions made about his culture he would certainly have a good laugh

  8. Mind-blowing video. Feel proud about our ancestors. Wonderful. But just 1 question still remains in my mind. Are the people in the Indian subcontinent descendants of Indus valley civilization? Since this video says that they vanished after 500 years then where do the modern civilization in south Asia come from?

  9. Cant, you see Today's Hindu India is built on Grave of Indus Valley Civilization. 85% of the indian populaition was denied education, social justice, considered to be untouchable until mid 20th century. So is that 15 % came here later or that 85%. Whose character resemles with these ruins.

  10. The stepwell at the start of video is in Gujrat (India), but not of the Indus Valley Civilization.
    It's the 'Raniki Vaav'. And it's also a world haritage site.

  11. Provide to be born Hindu.
    सत्य सनातन वेदिक धर्म की जय.
    ओऊम नमः शिवाय!

  12. There are many theories on the destruction of Indus valley civilization. But our theory is the best one to explain the reason of demise of Indus Valley Civilization. We believe an epidemic of uncontrollable infectious contagious disease was behind the annihilation of Indus valley Civilization. Airborne viruses were responsible for the disease. Attack of this disease ruined the respiratory system in less than 24 hours. This disease was very very painful. Once the virus attacked the person was in acute respiratory pain and breathlessness. In less than seven days the entire population of Indus Valley Civilization were dead. The cities became empty, the cities became ghost town and the cities became the lifeless stones.

    But how these cities of the Indus Valley Civilization were buried under the ground ? We could not still discover it. Our experts are working day and night to find out the answer of this question. We will find out this answer very soon.


  14. Good work .
    But why do we know very little about this wonderful civilization in compared to its contemporaries – the Egyptian civilization and the Mesopotamian civilization ?
    We do not know about their kings and dynasties , their religion , etc.

  15. People of Harappan civilization did their job so meticulously that I believe Japan was populated by them🤣.. very interesting civilization indeed

  16. It just shows that we cannot rely on history post-Ancient Greece. The Indus Valley Civilization is so elusive. There could have been other advanced civilisations predating it but communication may have prevented it from being recorded.

  17. Im proud that I and my forefathers belong to this region, one of the few earliest civilizations of the world. My home town is just 45 min drive from Moan Jo Daro.

  18. The English narrator calls it "Haggar Hakra" river. The name is actually "Ghaggar Hakra". And in reality, it is the lost Saraswati River that Hindu Vedas talk about. But that spells trouble to the Leftist ideology.
    Look how carefully he avoids calling the river as river Saraswati.


  20. The ancient civilizations seemed to work with nature, not against it.
    Today we work against nature due to greed and expediency.

  21. This is why we have such a problem race, people who call them Historians, and have made a great effort to white wash historical facts, who these people were before the Aryan invasion, as you read when the Aryans came into the land, literacy was wiped out when they invaded the Indus Valley!

    The Indus Valley Civilization was the largest of the four ancient River Valley civilizations. The inhabitants of the Indus Valley, also known as the Harrapan Civilization, were the Dravidians. Sir William Jones affirms that the black race once ruled over all of Asia. Ancient India was once called Ethiopia.

    * WHO WERE THE HARAPAN PEOPLE: Ancient India was once called Ethiopia. Herodotus believed that the Ethiopians came from India. That belief can only make sense if the Indians were black. There were three different groups of Black people in Ancient India: the Dravidians, the Veddoids, and the Negritos.

    * “The Dravidians in ethnic type are Ethiopian and are of the race of India from which her civilization originated. Megathenes said that the natives of India and Ethiopia were not much different in complexion or feature.

    * The Rig Veda & the Aryan invasion of India ( THE WAR/CHANGE)

    The Harappan (BLACK PEOPLE) civilization was bigger in extent than either Egypt's or Sumeria's. It was a literate civilization in communication with Sumeria. After the Aryan (WHITE PEOPLE) invasion, literacy was wiped out, and did not reappear for another 1,000 years or so, when a new script was borrowed from outside.

    Thor Heyerdahl believed that Harappa had been in contact with both Sumeria and Egypt, the three consiituting a civilizational triangle. To show that it was possible, he sailed a reed boat from the Tigris River (Sumeria) to the Indus River (Harappa) and thence to Djibouti, where he stopped because of the war raging in the horn of Africa.

    “Teutonic Plague: Aryan Aggression Against the Black Race“)
    * As the Aryans migrated into the Indus Valley, the Harappans way of life rapidly changed. The Aryans took over the area and instituted the Hindu religion which had at its core a rigid social system known as the caste system, which put the Aryans at the top of the society and the native black inhabitants at the bottom. The caste system, which still exists today, has dominated Indian society ever since.

  22. This is bullshit documentary the Indus civilization has no connection with Hindu civilization the archiolegy doesn't match with Hindu civilization

  23. im from SINDH Moan-Jo-Daro the Oldest culture Indus people lived in peace for thousand of years they were the most intelligent people who ever lived The ancient civilizations seemed to work with nature, not against it Today we work against nature due to greed and expediency.

    Great documentary. Imagine, these people living around 2500 BCE had sewage systems, dams, air conditioning, and were at the threshold of an industrial age.

    Indus Valley Civilization is truly the glorious SINDH is a country not a hind


  24. The indus civilization is today's full Pakistan, a bit of India, Afghanistan and Iran. The river mainly went across Pakistan

  25. Ancient Roman trade city found near Sivagangai | Archaeologist Discovery and Antiquity, With structure after structure surfacing from under the soil, the massive scale of an ancient urban center that lies buried at Pallisanthai Thidal in Sivaganga district of Tamil Nadu is emerging. Keeladi revealed a Sangam era settlement dated to the 2nd century BCE by radiocarbon dating (The artifacts found in 3-meter depth). if they dig deeper, it could change the history of India and the world. Get ready to change the textbook content.

  26. Great doco overall. Cringes however when the narration says, "worshipping a benevolent god in the water"… Smh. The Judeo-Christian-Islamic shadow is a long one. The ancient Indus and later Vedic cultures who adopted and fused it with their own, had a very different notion of divinity than what the West is familiar with via Judeo-Chrisitian-Islamic "God" and "gods".

  27. Position of escavation sites, more than 700 astronomical references in Ramayan and Mahabharat, pictures of dried Saraswati, sudden sea level rise and massive earthquake reports in almost all nearing places (estimated time 13000 years ago).. Vedas describing Saraswati as grand river, Ramayana Mahabharat describes it as drying river which is no longer grand. All these astronomical, geographical, oceanography, genetic, scriptural references points only in one direction.

  28. If Mohenjo Daro and in fact the Indus Valley civilization was founded by people from Persia, where are the great cities with such developments as Mohenjo Daro or Harappa or the other hundreds of cities in what was then Persia? Surely if that were true, they must have built similar places in their original country. Or maybe there was never a Persian or aryan influx and all of it is only from the ancient people of the Hindus? Is it so difficult to accept? And still we accept the primitive Egyptians were capable of building the pyramids!

  29. And one wonders why this documentary shies from calling the river bed and today’s Ghakkar-Hakra as the mighty Saraswati river of the Vedic times more than 5000 years old. The academic world today has accepted it widely.

  30. This documentary seems like a summary of Indus valley civilization. This is a very old and elaborate civilization. I have seen Egyptian civilization videos on YouTube which is so vast and detailed, I used to literally melt into each episode. Is Indian government not giving enough fund to know our history??? If anyone of you know of any more videos specifically on kings and queens, food and lifestyles, worships, relationships between humans, death ritual s and everything of Indus valley civilization, do share the link in comments section, I am very curious to know. Thanks.

  31. Indus is to Pakistan what nile is to egypt. This has nothing to do with india whatsoever. Other than some trade with those near to ivc.

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