Timeline: King Cyrus and Alexander The Great

Timeline: King Cyrus and Alexander The Great


Let us begin our examination the Six People
that we’re going to put on our Timeline… by beginning with this next slide: What you find is our slide from our previous segment
which is: The Rebuilding, The Dedication,
and The Destruction of the Temple. These time markers and the events of the Temple
are actually very important, because the people are going to align themselves
around these events at the Temple, and that becomes kind of a placement for us
within the time frame. So let us take a look at our first slide
for The Six People: As you can see with this slide,
it is dealing with King Cyrus. This is King Cyrus giving the decree
that the Jews could return to Jerusalem, and we talked about it in our previous segment,
about Ezra and Nehemiah, and you can read about King Cyrus
in the Book of Ezra beginning with Ezra 1.1. So, what’s important there
is that when the Jews go off into that time period, they pick up the language of Aramaic. So what’s important for us with the Bible
is that it has both Hebrew and Aramaic. So the Jews pick up the Aramaic while they are in Babylon with King Cyrus, and they bring Aramaic back to Jerusalem, so it’s very
important when we start seeing how the Bible unfolds. So along with King Cyrus comes The Rebuilding
of the Temple and the Aramaic language, and all of this becomes very important
to how we see the Bible and its text unfold. What you find on that slide is Alexander The Great. Now it’s just including his reign, but what you find in his reign
is the founding of the city of Alexandria, and we talk about that in our previous session. Now what’s important about this man
called Alexander The Great? What’s important about Alexander The Great
is that he brings the Greek language into Jerusalem. Just as much as we have King Cyrus bring in Aramaic, Alexander is going to spread the Greek language
throughout all of the area around the Mediterranean, which becomes very important for the Jews
who are dispersed into the diaspora. They are in synagogues that are going to be
using the Greek language and things of that nature, and as they are in those synagogues in those various
locations outside of Jerusalem, they need a text, and one of the things that helps them is that
Alexander The Great brings in the Greek language, and through that language we get the translation of the
Hebrew Text of the Bible into its first translation, which is the Greek,
we refer to it as the Septuagint, or the LXX, it is the Greek translation
of the “Old Testament” Scriptures. So these are the first two men of our six, next time we’re going to look at our Rabbis
who play a crucial role in The Six.

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