Top 10 Civilizations That Mysteriously Disappeared Throughout our history, most civilizations
have either met a slow demise or were wiped out by natural disasters or invasion. But
there are a few societies whose disappearance has scholars truly stumped: 10. The Olmec One of the first Mesoamerican societies, the
Olmec inhabited the tropical lowlands of south-central Mexico. The first signs of the Olmec are around
1400 BC in the city of San Lorenzo, the main Olmec settlement which was supported by two
other centers, Tenochtitlan and Potrero Nuevo. The Olmec were master builders with each of
the major sites containing ceremonial courts, house mounds, large conical pyramids and stone
monuments including the colossal head that they are most known for.1 The Olmec civilization
relied heavily on trade, both between different Olmec regions and with other Mesoamerican
societies. Because they were one of the earliest and most advanced Mesoamerican cultures at
the time, they are often considered the mother culture of many other Mesoamerican cultures. Where did they go? Around 400 BC the eastern half of the Olmec’s
lands was depopulated- possibly due to environmental changes. They may have also relocated after
volcanic activity in the area. Another popular theory is that they were invaded, but no one
knows whom the invaders might be. 9. The Nabateans The Nabateans were a Semitic culture that
inhabited parts of Jordan, Canaan and Arabia from around the sixth century BC. They are
most widely known as the builders of the city of Petra, which served as their capital. Petra
is an impressive city carved out of the cliff side with the crown jewel being the Khazneh,
or Treasury, a giant Greek inspired building. The Nabateans’ wealth was gained by being
a major stop on a complex trading network, through which they traded ivory, silk, spices,
precious metals, gems, incense, sugar perfume and medicine. Because of the extent of the
trade route, the Nabatean culture was highly influenced by Hellenistic Greece, Rome, Arabia
and Assyria. Unlike other societies of their time, there was no slavery and every member
of society contributed in the work duties. Where did they go? During the fourth century AD, the Nabateans
abandoned Petra and no one really knows why. Archeological evidence proves that their exodus
was an organized one that was unrushed, which leads us to believe that they were not driven
out of Petra by another culture. The most likely explanation is that when the trade
routes they relied on moved north they could no longer sustain their civilization and left
Petra behind. 8. The Aksumite Empire The Aksumite Empire began in the first century
AD in what is now Ethiopia and is believed to be the home of the Queen of Sheba. Aksum
was a major trade center with exports of ivory, agricultural resources and gold being traded
throughout the Red Sea trade network and onward to the Roman Empire and east towards India.
Because of this, Aksum was a very wealthy society and was the first African culture
to issue its own coinage, which in ancient times was a sign of great importance. The
most recognizable monuments of Aksum are the stelae, giant carved obelisks that acted as
the grave markers of kings and nobles. Early Aksumites worshipped several gods but their
main god was called Astar. In 324 AD, King Ezana II was converted to Christianity and
from then on Aksum was a zealously Christian culture, and is even allegedly the home of
the Ark of the Covenant. Where did they go? According to local legend, a Jewish Queen
named Yodit defeated the Aksumite Empire and burned its churches and literature. However,
others believe that southern pagan queen Bani al-Hamwiyah led to the Aksumite decline. Other
theories include climate change, trade isolation and over farming leading to starvation. 7.The Mycenaeans Growing out of the Minoan civilization, the
Myceanaeans merged around 1600 BC in southern Greece. Being spread out over two islands
and the southern mainland, the Myceaneans built and invaded many major cities like Mycenae,
Tiryns, Pylos, Athens, Thebes, Orchomenus, Iolkos and Knossos. Many Greek myths are centered
around Mycenae including the legend of King Agamemnon, who led the Greek forces during
the Trojan War. The Myceaneans were a dominant naval power and used their naval prowess for
trade with other nations as well as for military endeavors. Because of a lack of natural resources,
the Myceaneans imported many goods and turned them into sellable items and therefore became
master craftsmen, known throughout the Aegean for their weapons and jewelry. Where did they go? No one knows for sure, but one theory is that
unrest between the peasant class and the ruling class led to the end of the Myceaneans. Other
point to disruptions in trade routes, or natural factors like earthquakes. But the most popular
theory is that they were invaded by a civilization from the north like the Dorians (who settled
in the area after the fall of the Myceaneans) or the Sea People (who at the time were migrating
from the Balkans to the Middle East). 6. The Khmer Empire The Khmer Empire grew out of the kingdom of
Chenla in what is now Cambodia around the 9th century AD and became one of the most
powerful empires in Southeast Asia. The empire is known to most people as the civilization
that built Angkor, Cambodia’s capital city. The Khmer were an incredibly powerful and
wealthy culture who were open to several belief systems including Hinduism, Mahayana Buddhism
and Theravada Buddhism, which were the empire’s official religions. Their power also included
military might as they fought many wars against the Annamese and Chams. Where did they go? The decline of the Khmer Empire can be attributed
to any combination of several factors. The first being that the empire was ruled by a
devarajo or god king, but with introduction of Theravada Buddhism, which teaches self
enlightenment, the government was challenged. This led to a lack of a desire to work for
the devarajo which impacted the amount of food being produced. During the reign of Jayavarman
VII, an elaborate road network was built to make it easier to transport goods and troops
throughout the Empire. But some scholars believe that these roads worked against them, making
it easier for invaders like the Ayuthaya to get straight to Angkor. 5.The Cucuteni-Trypillian Culture In Romania they are the Cucuteni, in the Ukraine
they are the Trypillians and in Russia they are the Tripolie: a late Neolithic culture
that flourished between 5500 BC and 2750 BC. At their height, the Cucuteni-Trypillian society
built the largest Neolithic settlements in Europe, with some housing up to 15,000 people.
One of the biggest mysteries of this culture is that every 60 to 80 years they would burn
their entire village and reconstruct it on top of the old one. The Cucuteni-Typillian
culture was matriarchal, the women were the heads of the household and also did the agricultural
work and made pottery, textiles and clothing. The men were hunters, tool makers and were
responsible for looking after domestic animals. Their religion was centered around the Great
Mother Goddess who was a symbol of motherhood and agricultural fertility. They also worshipped
the bull (strength, fertility and the sky) and a snake (eternity and eternal movement). Where did they go? One of the main theories about the end of
the Cucuteni-Trypillian culture is the Kurgan hypothesis, which states that they were conquered
by the warlike Kurgan culture. However, more recent archeology points to a dramatic climate
change which could have led to one of the worst droughts in European history– devastating
for a culture that relied heavily on farming. 4. Clovis A prehistoric Native American people, the
Clovis culture dates back to 10,000 BC. Centered in southern and central plains of North America
they are archeologically recognized by chipped flint points called Clovis points. They used
these points on the end of spears to hunt big game like mammoth and bison and small
game like deer and rabbits. The Clovis people were the first human inhabitants of the New
World and are considered the ancestors of all North and South American indigenous cultures.
Many scholars believe that they crossed the Beringia land bridge from Siberia to Alaska
during the ice age and then headed south to warmer climates. Where did they go? There are several theories around the disappearance
of the Clovis culture. The first states that a decrease in megafauna along with less mobility
in their culture led them to branch off and form new cultural groups, like the Folsom
culture. Another theory is that the mammoth and other species became extinct due to over
hunting, leaving the Clovis without a viable food source. The final theory revolves around
a comet that crashed to the earth around the Great Lakes region and significantly affected
the Clovis culture. 3.The Minoans Named after the legendary King Minos, the
Minoans inhabited what is now Crete from 3000 to 1000 BC. In Greek mythology, Minoa was
the land of Cretan Bull and it’s son, the Minotaur- a mythical half-man-half-bull that
lived in the labyrinth and killed anyone who entered. In reality, the Minoans were the
first known civilization in Europe. Today all that is left of the Minoan civilization
are their palaces and the artifacts found within. The Minoan civilization was one of
social organization, art and commerce. Early Minoans spoke a language that we call Linear
A, which during later periods was replaced by Linear B, both of which were based on pictographs.
There is no evidence of any military culture found in the Minoan palaces and it seems their
power was purely economical. Even though the Minoans fell, their culture was inherited
first by the Myceaneans and from there by the Hellenistic Greeks. Where did they go? Many scholars believe that the Minoans were
wiped out by a volcanic eruption on the island of Thera (now Santorini), but there is evidence
that they survived. However, the eruption would have killed all plant life thus leading
to starvation, and damaged their ships leading to economic decline. It is also believed that
during this time they were invaded, possibly by the Myceaneans. 2.The Anasazi The Anasazi or Ancestral Puebloans were a
Native American culture that emerged in the Four Corners area of the United States (where
New Mexico, Arizona, Colordo, and Utah meet) around 1200 BC. The early Puebloans were hunters
and gatherers who lived in shallow pit houses. Later they developed horticulture and began
farming maize, beans and squash. Also found at Anasazi archeological sites are greyware
pottery, elaborate baskets, reed sandals, rabbit fur robes, grinding stones and bows
and arrows. In the Pueblo II and Pueblo III eras the Anasazi carved whole towns out of
nearby cliffs like those at Mesa Verde and Bandelier or they constructed them out of
stone or adobe mud like Chaco Canyon. These towns hosted many cultural and civic events
and were connected to each other by hundreds of miles of roadways. Where did they go? Around 1300 AD the Ancestral Puebloans abandoned
their cliff houses and scattered. Many scholars believe that, after a population explosion,
poor farming methods and a regional drought made it difficult to produce enough food.
Due to this lack of food, the Anasazi moved either along the Rio Grande or on the Hopi
mesas, and therefore many modern Pueblo Indians believe that they are the descendants of the
Anasazi. Recent studies prove that this climate change could not explain the decline of the
Anasazi alone and suggest that social and political factors like a violent conflict
led to their end, instead. 1. The Indus Valley Civilization Once inhabiting an area about the size of
western Europe in what is now Pakistan and western India, the Indus Valley or Harappan
Civilization thrived from 3300 to 1300 BC, although the area was settled all the way
back to 7000 BC. Despite being one of the largest ancient civilizations, not much is
known about the Harappan civilization, mostly because their language has never been deciphered.
We do know that they built over one hundred towns and villages including the cities of
Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro, each of which was built with an organized layout, and a complex
plumbing system with indoor toilets. Evidence suggests that the Harappan had a unified government
and that there were no social classes. There is also no evidence of military activity so
it is likely that they lived in peace. They were skilled astronomers and were well versed
in agriculture, growing wheat, barley, peas, melons, sesame and cotton (becoming the first
civilization to produce cotton cloth) and domesticating several animals including cattle
and elephants. Where did they go? There are several theories as to what happened
to the Indus Valley civilization. Some people believe that they declined because of changes
to their environment, such as a decrease in the size of the Ghaggar Hakra river system
or the cooler, drier temperatures that are also evident throughout the Middle East. Another
popular theory was that the Aryans invaded them around 1500 BC.


  1. Mesa is pronounced May-sa. Also you showed a picture of the crater in Arizona when mentioning a comet hitting the Great Lakes area.

  2. The human-mammoth theory is the dumbest idea of paleontology and anthropology. Elephants were never threatened by iron and steel weapons until guns came into use but a relatively tiny population using stone weapons wiped out the elephant's larger and better protected cousins?

  3. Before Indus civilization a biggest civilization was untold which was in Indian Ocean and south of India ,probably that was the oldest civilization in the world ,unfortunately Indian govt doesn't want to dig it out …

  4. !!! Grammer Nazi Alert!!! Simon, are you perchance an android or an incredibly realistic animation controlled by a supercomputer? I only ask this because of your propensity to mis-pronounce many common and proper names in a manner that reminds me of Commander Data as he might have sounded when first learn English.

  5. Ayutthaya is pronounced Ah – yud -tah – ya

    I'm half Thai and it bugged me that the pronunciation was wrong.
    But I totally loved the video

  6. olmec s are mexican s today butt the city was infected by an ancient virus Called k9

  7. the Mycenaeans conquered the Minoans and settled Crete, it's pretty well accepted that the Minoans were defeated by external invasion.

    Mycenae, Byblos, Pylos, Athens etc… all show destruction during the Bronze Age collapse which saw most of the major civilizations fall from a combination of Sea Peoples/Migration wars, earthquakes, and droughts over a 40 year period. Basically only a couple Phoenician ports and the Egyptian state survived the collapse.

    And with regard to Aksum, they continued culturally in Ethopia, hence the continuation of the Ethiopian Orthodox church so they didn't really disappear in the same way the others did

  8. Minoans could be the same as the Phillistines? They (Phillistines) did have very greek looking pottery and art as well as iron weapons.

  9. nice man got one for you the nuragic civilization in sardinia.
    and an idea for a video on native american populations

  10. I love you to death, but the picture you showed of a meteor crater, though definitely a crater, is nowhere NEAR the Great Lakes 😊

  11. #5 – It's strange that they burned their towns every few years and rebuilt on top of the ashes? A Matriarchal culture.. A culture run by women, purging and rebuilding on a schedule… That sounds pretty reasonable to me, considering what female biology does to itself once a month. Perhaps they were just emulating 'nature'. 🤔

  12. Any civilization that thrives long enough to settle into a peaceful society is inevitably destroyed by primal warlike tribes that find it easier to destroy than to create.

  13. I didn't expect that one day a person can say that the homeland of queen of Sheba is Ethiopia, what a hilarious joke? Are you serious man 😂😂..the homeland of queen of Sheba is YEMEN, I don't know from where you take your information, you should change this information in your video content. By the way, Ethiopia was dominated by Yemeni old kingdoms such as Hemyar, Sheba, Qataban, Awsan..etc

  14. Britts mispronouncing Hispanic, or some Native American, names and words is truly cringe worthy. Then again you do a better Google's speech programs so I'll shut up now. =P

  15. You need to do a little research on the Clovis people. For one, they were NOT the first inhabitants of the Americas.

  16. Finally, someone mentioned the Clovis! I grew up outside of the city they were named after in New Mexico. I always thought it incredible that such a huge find draws so few people to the Blackwater Draw museum

    Edit: I've also stood in the tallest cliff home at Bandaleer

  17. Some theories suggest that the Mesopotamian civilisation was heavily influence by the No.5 culture, located just the north. Perfect topic.

  18. clovis was 10,000 to 11,000 years ago but there is evidence that there were people there before the earliest recognized clovis settlement site the latest one being 14,000 years old that was found in Canada British Colombia.

  19. Mohenjo Daro and Harappa are the most radioactive places on Earth. Why? The Mahabarata tells the story. Someone doesn't want us to know our true history, our true destiny, or our true nature. Someone who want's their slaves to be docile, loyal, obedient, and unquestioning. I'll leave it to y'all to speculate on whom they may be.

  20. I wonder if thousand of year in the future a race of intelligent rodents or big or something will rise up after human kind ruins earth to such extent we have to pick up and move planets and then wonder where the hell this society that built all these buildings and left all this trash went…

  21. I’m not that picky with pronunciation and the veracity of these theories, but the overall lack of research in this video is appalling. Unsubbed.

  22. No "scholar" believes in the land bridge any more. All evidence says it never happened. But, kind of like the flat earth society, some people refuse to give up on it.

  23. On #4. Clovis: did anyone else notice on the map, Florida was missing a half and all the keys, and Cuba became eeeextra close

  24. Clovis points are pretty cool to find ..If you ever find one , you know your holding a really, really, really old point .

  25. Your vids are great, To all the commenters that rag on pronunciation (probably the 69 down voters) don't watch the videos , find some English lecture to watch, you'll probably find something wrong there too!

  26. Dear Simon, you're awesome 🙂 Anymore, I automatically like your videos while they're still loading because they're interesting as f. I'm actually not joking. Please know that you and your videos are greatly appreciated 😊 💚🍀☘️💚😉

  27. The Sea Peoples most definitely were responsible for the fall of Mycena Greece.. and we don't know where they migrated from… I've heard theories that they were from the Sardina region and were probably a coalition of peoples from many different places.. Possibly even Trojans..

  28. What about the Mississippian Trade Confederation? A hundred years before Columbus, the center of the US was dominated by a widespread mound-building culture with advanced defenses, recurve bows and widespread trade. By the time of the Pilgrims, they'd disappeared so completely that even their descendants didn't remember them.

  29. The Nabateans moved because the southern trade shifted to the sea and the northern trade bypassed them because they’d imposed such a big price hike on goods that other routes were worth developing. The new route completely bypassed the settlements of the Red Sea area, like where Mecca would eventually be—Mecca was a dead-end backwater in Muhammad’s time, as it was ever after economically though not religiously, important only to locals.

  30. The Clovis culture were big game specialists who thrived in the open plains. During the warm period, forests expanded and the culture fragmented and developed separately. Game extinction was also a big problem.

  31. I usually keep this on in the background, so I don’t look at the screen much. Imagine my surprise when I look to the screen and see a usurper with the same voice on the screen. It took me a whole 5 seconds to realize that he’d just shaved his beard. o_o

  32. Curious as to how this information came to you. Did you do a google search? And where did you get the images?

  33. Simon:
    Adobe is pronounced AH-DOE-BEE with the emphasis on the middle syllable.
    Mesa is oronounced MAY-SAH with the emphasis on the first syllable.

  34. The Khmer ended up ruling Java. There is architectural evidence (Bourubadour) and DNA evidence among descendants of the ruling family in Surakarta.

  35. wow – come here from 2019 – Simon – everything is different – not better or worse – just different – not even the glasses or beard – more the voice – body movements…

  36. #4 Clovis….. This is a huge lie. The Clovis people were NOT the first people in the Americas.
    New archaeological digs have been done and they found human remains below the Clovis line.
    This is exactly why our scientists shouldn't be stupid and just assume things… since they "KNEW" for a fact that the Clovis were the first people, nobody would dig below the "Clovis Line"
    However when someone actually did…. they found all kinds of stuff!!!! LOL

  37. Having been to Petra one should take note, is was not a city. Each of the buildings are very shallow, the insides are far to small for anyone to inhabit.

  38. Nabateans most likely disappeared because they developed a policy of not having sex due to sin. they had no progeny.

  39. That phase CLIMATE CHANGE is a much overworked phrase, if you have anything to do with History, make sure you get it in. Thereby sporting your allegiance to the current History club !

  40. Wrong about the clovis people. New studies show there was an earlier civilisation called the denisovans.

  41. Mycanea's collapse was the result of the bronze age collapse and they were likely the first of the major civilizations to fall because the fall, precipitated by famine, migration war, natural disasters and possibly plague, saw a breakdown of the intricate trade/diplomatic infrastructure that made the bronze age civilizations great. And since Mycanea was entirely reliant on trade for bronze, it's sensible they went out first.

  42. Clovis people are from France and crossed the ice bridge to the east coast of modern America. They predate the Siberian migration by 6000 years

  43. Ahh!!! It's one of those hairless cats!!! …. oh no… wait it's just shaved smooth Simeon. Haha. Just kidding around Simeon love you and your vids buddy!!

  44. The most common explanation given here for a civilisation's decline/fall is climate change! I thought only modern man is causing climate change. Can any eco warrior-type person provide an explanation?!

  45. I totally enjoyed this!❤️❤️❤️. You just inspired me to vigorously increase the debt of my reading into early human history..♥️😘

  46. 8:34 Early Minoans wrote in a script we call Linear A (later Linear B). We don't know what the spoken language sounded like, or how the Linears related to it.

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