What Are Antibiotics – Microbes in Human Welfare – Biology Class 12

What Are Antibiotics – Microbes in Human Welfare – Biology Class 12


Do Subscribe To Ekeeda Channel and press bell icon to get updates about latest Engineering HSC and IIT-JEE Mains and advanced videos. Hello students today we will be studying chapter microbes in human welfare in that we’ll be studying how microbes can be used for industrial production when I say microbes can be used for industrial productions my groups can be used for the production of antibiotics beverages for enzymes for organic acids. today we will be studying about how microbes can be used for the production of antibiotics one of the industrial uses of microorganisms when I say antibiotics aunty means against and bio means against microorganisms antibiotics are the substances which are produced against microorganisms and the kill microorganisms this antibiotics are terrorized from microorganisms one of the common antibiotics that is widely used and that was first discovered was penicillin now penicillin was discovered by Alexander Fleming and this fella Ceylon was widely used during World War two the organism by which penicillin is derived is penicillium notatum during the discovery of penicillin during World War two penicillin was given to lot of patients to cure various diseases and later on Ernest and flurry came up with the exact proportion or you can say the formulation of penicillin now penicillin was the most widely used medicine of the 20th century and it’s not when we talk about antibiotics antibiotics can be given orally or it can be injected and if I take some different effect on our body it could be bacteria Siddal or bacterial status when I say bacteria Siddons it means it can completely kill the organism and when I say static it means it can partially or half leak in the organism antibiotics could be brought or now when I say broad antibiotics this antibiotics have various applications on the body or you can say for a particular given antibiotic can have various uses on our body for example the Pham person is a broad antibiotic it can have it can be given put to a table closest patient as well as different on the patients for example if I say penicillin or chloramphenicol it is a narrow spectrum antibiotic it can be given to any certain patients so now let us see what are antibiotics their uses and been and where it was found out [Applause] [Applause] now let us see what were antibiotics antibiotics antibiotics are chemical substances produced by microbes that can kill other disease-causing microbes penicillin was most important antibiotic of 20th century discovered by Alexander Fleming it’s full potential antibiotic was discovered by Ernest chain and Howard Florey penicillin was widely used during World War two to treat American soldiers or patients antibiotics can be broad or narrow spectrum their route of administration is either injectable or oral dosages they can have bactericidal that is to kill completely or bacteriostatic that is to kill partially activity thank you

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