What is Planetary Health? Strategies and Solutions for a Resilient Society in the Era of the SDGs

What is Planetary Health? Strategies and Solutions for a Resilient Society in the Era of the SDGs


The question for us this afternoon is: how
do we get our minds around a new public health movement that is the size of the Earth? And I know this is a bold statement to say
sustainable development is not happening. But it is not happening! There is not a single goals for which progress
is enough to cover the achievement of the 2030 Agenda. Even in the ones that we have progress, like
the poverty here and industrialisation, we need to speed up. In most of the goals, there are far away from
the targets. And unfortunately, in four of them…and most
of them are connected to the environment, sustainable cities and communities, responsible
production and consumption, life on earth, and inequality we have regressed actually. And specially when it comes to the environment. We have the science and yet we are still not
acting fast enough. So how do we move from the knowledge to the
action is the real challenge that we have. In the Asia-Pacific region, we have so many
problems with air quality and many people are dying prematurely. The impacts of climate change and environmental
degradation don’t affect people equally. 88% of the wealth that was created last year
in this planet went to 1% of the population. What we face is a massive tragedy of the commons. Where do we go from here? Parks are relevant for us not only from an
urban planning perspective, so I’m thinking of water drainage and biodiversity there…but
also in terms of their holistic health-related co-benefits. Agriculture systems are the most important
solution space, potentially, for addressing the SDGs on the environment, food security
health. (agriculture) Intensification and agroecology
are not incompatible I think farmers play a very important role
in this coexistence between men and nature. Especially in some areas where they are economic
marginalized or really in areas where there is an interface between wildlife, livestock
and humans. As a community of wildlife conservation professionals,
we need to get out our old paradigms and maybe think about that the wildlife and ecosystems’ health
are in everyone’s hands For me what was interesting to participate
in this meeting was not only to talk about nutrition but to see that we are effectively
starting to work together When I read about planetary health, there
was one paper talking about “planetary ethics.” No, no. We don’t need planetary ethics. There are many ethics, many values. We need to understand these values and work
with these different values on pluralisms. As with the 2030 Agenda, planetary health
demands robust partnerships with the private sector with civil society, academia, activists
and with the UN family As we have concentrated on building a sense
of community, collaboration has exploded! We have seen the development of new courses,
new degree programs, new faculty appointments, fellowships, research projects, seed
grants. We have hundreds of next generation scholars
around the world passionate about these topics starting planetary health clubs at their home
institutions If we have this kind of research, we can have
the evidence and the data that is required to have a virtuous cycle that benefits both
people and the planet Sustainable Development is about choices,
political choices, technical choices Action is more likely to be effective, I think,
when it is self-inspired. If you are going to make some sort of drastic
change in how you live your life, it has to come from within We need to see the systems in its realities. First of all, the natural environmental and
resources provide the basis for our existence! As a political scientist, I don’t see the
option of staying home. You just have to believe that there is something
to be done and that’s why we are here

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